Tag: "disabilities" at biology news

Old is young, study finds

...s advantages must have compensated somehow for the disabilities and diseases of older age, when gene expressions uncommon in younger adults become more frequent," the authors noted. "There has been a lot of speculation about what gave modern humans their evolutionary advantage," Caspari said. "This research provi...

Brain development and puberty may be key factors in learning disorders

...ey factors contributing to language-based learning disabilities such as dyslexia. The article will appear in the o...isorders at Northwestern. "Approaching learning disabilities from the perspective of brain development could potentially unite many seemingly disparate deficits ...

Study of ProCord for neurologically complete spinal cord injury

...e in the delivery of complete care for people with disabilities and is consistently ranked among the best in the nation in surveys, such as US News & World Report's best hospital issue. A wide range of comprehensive medical and rehabilitation services is available for individuals with spinal cord injuries, brain ...

Biologists uncover genetic links to broad range of human disorders resulting from cilia dysfunctions

...enetic disorder characterized by obesity, learning disabilities and eye and kidney problems. "What was disconcerting about human cilia defects was that, because the physiology of these diseases are so complex and broad, the disorders were not initially tied to cilia dysfunctions," says Zuker. "These people have p...

What it Takes: Design principles to broaden participation in SET

...ucation to keep women, minorities and persons with disabilities on the educational path to careers in science and ...cans, Hispanics, Native Americans and persons with disabilities in the science, engineering and technology professions. Three blue-ribbon panels worked in parallel ...

Cellular problems found behind complex obesity syndrome

...syndrome (BBS), characterized by obesity, learning disabilities and eye and kidney problems, is caused by genetic mutations in the BBS family of genes. Now, researchers who've long studied the condition have discovered that genetic mutations in one of those genes, called BBS4, lead to cell death by disrupting the...

Researchers identify a new form of disease gene associated with Rett syndrome

...so for 'negative inclusion' in other developmental disabilities such as cerebral palsy, forms of mental retardation and autism, we expect this new discovery to have great clinical utility," added Dr. Minassian. Kathy Hunter, president and founder of the International Rett Syndrome Association (IRSA), applauded th...

Small amounts of alcohol or anesthetics may damage the developing brain

...ho were pregnant in 1974, looking at the secondary disabilities encountered by people with fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol effects. She found that 90 percent of those exposed to excessive alcohol in the womb reported mental health problems. "Many had attention deficit problems," Streissguth says. "But t...

'Bat saliva' drug and new MRI techniques offer hope for acute stroke treatment

...reatment of acute stroke and its serious long-term disabilities is, up to now, only possible with an approved agent (t-PA, tissue plasminogen activator) that must be administered within three hours after the onset of stroke symptoms, allowing only a small fraction of all stroke patients to benefit from such a the...

Rutgers scientists discover protein in brain affects learning and memory

... for drugs in the treatment of memory and learning disabilities as well as diseases such as Alzheimer's and fetal alcohol syndrome: a protein known as cypin. Cypin is found throughout the body, but in the brain it regulates nerve cell or neuron branching. Branching or dendrite growth is an important process in n...

New findings implicate cell size controls in a variety of diseases

...erson's life. Its severity can range from learning disabilities and epilepsy to severe mental retardation and uncontrollable seizures. There is no cure for tuberous sclerosis, but symptoms may be treated with medications to control seizures and behavior problems. The genes TSC1 and TSC2 make two proteins that b...

Two studies find Gulf War veterans have increased risk of ALS

...s Affairs added ALS to the list of service-related disabilities in 2001....

Cellular problem discovered behind syndrome of obesity, learning disabilities

...syndrome (BBS), characterized by obesity, learning disabilities and eye and kidney problems, the researchers discovered a new gene involved. Furthermore, the gene's protein, BBS8, is found only at the base of cilia, the scientists report in the Sept. 21 advance online section of Nature. "BBS is a relatively rare ...

Study sheds light on critical relay in visual circuit of the brain

...e and lead to defects like cerebral palsy or other disabilities later in life. If it turns out that the subplate is linked to such defects, understanding more about its function could eventually lead to new therapies. Research looking at the subplate neurons has proven difficult in the past because of problems ac...

17-year study confirms that lead in the soil descends slowly

...orders. In children it has been linked to learning disabilities and other behavioral and developmental problems. Throughout most of the 20th century, people added lead to the atmosphere primarily by burning leaded gasoline, which eventually settled to the earth. High elevation forests, such as the one at Camel's ...

Fish is not always 'brain food'

...inated fish may give birth to children with severe disabilities including cerebral palsy and mental retardation. The United States Food and Drug Administration issued an advisory in 2001, warning women who were pregnant or of child-bearing age to restrict their intake of shark, swordfish, king mackerel and tilefi...

Scientists' transgenic chicken aids embryo research

... eventually provide clues to halting developmental disabilities and may lead to other uses not yet imagined, including improvements in human and animal health. The research appears in the March edition of Developmental Dynamics. "Although there are people who have made transgenic chickens before, no one has produ...

Technological advances making life easier for people with physical and mental challenges

...Developing and testing new devices for people with disabilities in real-world environments should enhance lab rese..., citing that research on individuals with hearing disabilities needs to occur in their natural environment. Empowering people a living with a disability is on the...

The Fragile X syndrome protein as RNA distribution hub

...ntal abnormalities that range from slight learning disabilities to severe mental retardation. The syndrome is caused by a mutation in what has been termed the Fragile X mental retardation-1 (Fmr1) gene, which encodes FMRP, the Fragile X mental retardation protein. "RNA-binding proteins regulate all aspects of RN...

Acorda therapeutics receives NIH Phase 2 grant for central nervous system repair

...ress the permanent demyelination that leads to the disabilities associated with that condition. The antibodies being studied act to stimulate the regrowth of myelin, thereby offering an entirely new type of therapeutic approach in the treatment of MS," said Eric Chojnicki, Ph.D., Acorda's Director of Product Dev...

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