Tag: "effectively" at biology news

UW-Madison team develops technique to create flu viruses

...hting cancer, doctors want to introduce genes that effectively kill cancer cells but will not replicate in the body and damage healthy tissue. The influenza virus may be an ideal vector, Kawaoka says, because it does not get integrated into the human genome. Influenza remains a major public health menace, killin...

High HIV RNA levels major risk factor for mother-to-child HIV transmission

...ugs, such as proteaseinhibitors, is likely to also effectively reduce transmission of HIV to theirinfants because the therapy reduces viral RNA levels greatly, Dr. Mofenson says. "In addition to improving a woman's overall health, reducing the level of HIV-1RNA may also reduce a woman's chance of giving birth to...

Environment in Eastern Europe benefits from Swedish funding

...icy. "We are now in a much better position to work effectively and also to start newand bigger projectsduring the next three years", Rolf Annerberg says. Above all, we want to supportthe Balticcountries in their EU-accession negotiations, including the introduction of, andcompliance with the"acquis communitaire"...

Experiments illuminate workings of biological clocks

...owing that drugs such as cancer drugs may workmore effectively and with fewer side effects if they were given at a specifictime of day. Since so many human hormones rise and fall in circadian cycles,this effect on drug therapy seems to make perfect sense," she said....

A miserable life on overcrowded Earth in 2100

..., freedom to select desired foods andfreedom to be effectively represented by government -- Today, more than 3 billion people suffer from malnutrition, the largestnumber and proportion of the world population in history, according to the WorldHealth Organization. Malnutrition increases the susceptibility to d...

INEEL, universities collaborate on subsurface strontium-90 remediation efforts

...tal,however, it will be unable to move and will be effectively removed from the groundwater. All radioactive elements eventually decay to inert elements, and Strontium-90will take 300 years to decay away to nothingness. "If we can retain it, tie itup for that length of time," said Smith, "and if we do it where i...

Hutchinson Center to lead $11.5 million ovarian-cancer research consortium

...g cancer biomarkers to determine how they can most effectively beused to screen for ovarian cancer. One such biomarker is CA 125, a protein foundin the blood that in large amounts can signal the presence of ovarian cancer.The conventional approach for screening with CA 125 is to consider the testpositive if the ...

Scientists uncover possible cause of colitis

...McMaster University in Ontario, Canada. Surgerycan effectively treat some, but not all, cases. For unknown reasons, some patients don't respond to conventionalanti-inflammatory therapies, and these patients may be particularly prone to thenerve-related mechanisms of inflammation that was this study's focus, Coll...

Sea level rise behind coastal tree deaths

...vived, they often failed to produce new seedlings, effectively makingthem the last generation of trees on the once densely forested islands. "Elimination of tree regeneration may precede the death of established trees bymany decades," the study says. "For cabbage palms ... the stand with fewestsurviving trees is...

Search and support for the rare white abalone is on; sex must occur with close neighbors

...ithin threefeet of a member of the opposite sex to effectively reproduce. "No neighborsmeans that the remaining animals are effectively sterile," said Kevin Lafferty,assistant professor of marine biology at UC Santa Barbara, and marine ...

On the floor of the sea: USGS biologists search for rare, white abalone

...ithin threefeet of a member of the opposite sex to effectively reproduce. Withoutneighbors, the remaining animals are effectively sterile, said Lafferty. "We will move isolated individuals next to each other to give them a chance ...

Argonne biochips may halt tuberculosis epidemic

... people cannot afford months of medication,victims effectively become incubation chambers for new drug-resistant strains.In some Russian institutions, roughly 80 percent of tuberculosis patients werefound resistant to at least one antibiotic, and 50 percent showed multipleresistance. Although airborne, tuberculo...

Harvard and Alexion researchers report successful transplantation of immuneprotected neurons in primate model of Parkinson's disease

...presents a promising approachwith the potential to effectively treat Parkinson's disease," said Dr. James M.Schumacher of Neurological Associates of Sarasota, Florida, who specializes inthe surgical treatment of Parkinson's disease and was the first physician totransplant pig neurons into human patients. "Unfort...

Yale and Alexion report advance in spinal cord repair

...nerve cell xenografts presents a majorobstacle to effectively replacing damaged cells in the central nervous system. Alexion scientists address this problem in two ways. First, they produce pigcells that reduce or eliminate the expression of certain pig sugars which aretargeted by the triggering antibodies. Se...

Unveiling all of the consequences: Introduced plants may be causing hidden trouble

...nutrients into the soil and plant tissue, they are effectively tying up carbon that would otherwise be in the atmosphere. When carbon is in the atmosphere, it takes the form of carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas. "Our results suggest that soils re-vegetated with native grasses would be a much more effective sink ...

Wake Forest researcher finds high diabetes rate among Lumbee Indians

.... Diabetes is a condition in which the body cannot effectively use blood sugar. About 10 percent of all people with diabetes have "Type 1" diabetes, in whichthe body no longer produces the insulin it needs to use blood sugar. The other90 percent have "Type 2" diabetes, where the body has either stopped producin...

Consume less trans fat, more vitamin B6 and B12, studies suggest

...to have niacin added to corn grits, a success that effectively stopped deaths attributed to pellagra in the South. Despite years of debate, the evidence against trans fat is becoming clearer, Kummerow said. A May 1994 report in the journal Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology noted that 99 percen...

How biological molecules move electrons: Simplicity trumps complexity

...molecules just to be close enough to each other to effectively promote electron tunneling. For tunneling, that and only that is the relevant characteristic that's evolved." "There's a widely accepted idea that electrons get from one redox center to another in a protein by traveling down a series of molecular bo...

Choice of sex in animal breeding? Excess of male progeny from males carrying mouse responder transgene on Y chromosome

...ase likely to control sperm motility. The gene can effectively be used to manipulate the transmission of autosomes or sex chromosomes. In the latter case, an excess of male or female offspring can be generated. The study was reported by a research group at the Max Planck Institute for Immunbiology in the 11 Nove...

Health of normal synapses seen to depend on neurotrophin signaling

...al form of the trkB receptor. The flawed receptors effectively soaked up all available neurotrophin, deprivingthe synapse of its normal allotment. The result was the disassembly of the entire synapse, starting at the muscle fiberside and progressing to include the loss of motor neuron endings....

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(Date:4/24/2014)... from The University of Manchester have identified a way ... more open to treatment. , The study published today ... for the development of drugs to target cells that ... made the discovery whilst exploring the possible mechanisms behind ... treat breast and colon cancer. , Dr Andrew Gilmore, ...
(Date:4/24/2014)... with an antimicrobial peptide could help to lower the risk ... Optometry and Vision Science , official journal of the ... published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins , a part ... and now humans support the biocompatibility and safety of lenses ... research by Debarun Dutta, B.Optom, of The University of New ...
(Date:4/24/2014)... new Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State ... grant to develop novel therapeutics against Respiratory Syncytial ... Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute Of Child Health ... Health will support Plemper,s drug development goals of ... distinct alternative compound. , Infections by RSV, a ...
(Date:4/24/2014)... than one out of three survivors of critical ... The Lancet Respiratory Medicine , and the ... than mentally. , It is one of the ... functional outcomes of critical care survivors, according to ... Medicine, and it highlights a significant public health ...
(Date:4/24/2014)... has found a relationship between motor skill deficiencies and ... in very young children. , The findings, believed ... relationship between motor skills and autism severity, indicate that ... included in treatment plans for young children with autism, ... of Public Health and Human Sciences. , "Recognizing ...
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