Tag: "energy" at biology news

Highlights of the October 2004 Journal of the American Dietetic Association

...ot having a first course, reduced the women's meal energy intake by 12 percent. The researchers concluded: "Consuming a large portion of a low-energy-dense food at the start of a meal may be an effective strategy for weight management." "In addition to calorie control, three cups of salad p...

UT Southwestern receives $1.78 million grant for obesity research as part of NIH Roadmap initiative

...igator for the team studying central regulators of energy metabolism. The molecular biology of energy metabolism will be headed by Dr. Horton, while Dr. Craig Malloy, professor of radiology and internal...

Molecular motor implicated in tissue remodeling

...molecular motor--a molecule that converts chemical energy into motion. "This is the only extracellular motor...idirectional motion. One-way motion indicates that energy is being utilized, so the team looked for an energy source. While most molecules that act as motors ...

Schepens Eye Research Institute receives 'Roadmap' grant to develop center for curing eye diseases

..."This is an exciting opportunity to bring enormous energy and new brain power to solve some of the most complex puzzles in eye research," says Darlene Dartt, PhD, the Director of Scientific Affairs at Schepens who is heading up the project. The Institute plans to combine forces with Massachusetts Eye and Ea...

Winning combination to build bone density in children

...hard. In reality we are talking about the sort of energy you would expect kids to expend when playing aroun...he trick. We are talking about raising the resting energy levels by about 6-8 times. The idea is to 'accumulate' this sort of energy expenditure over the day...

UCSF scientist Joe Derisi named MaCarthur Fellow

...try and Biophysics. "He projects seemingly endless energy and infectious enthusiasm that, when combined with...me. DeRisi also focuses much of his energy on using his custom-built microarrays to move in on viruses that cause a variety of infectious disea...

16 APS exercise research highlights, from reduced flu mortality to proteomics & obesity

...ort-term exercise training: effects of exercise or energy balance? Study suggests that subtle changes in energy balance that precede measurable fat loss play a key role in mediating the beneficial effects of exer...

DNA barcode finds four new bird species

...e organelles within cells that are responsible for energy production, also contain DNA. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is known to accumulate mutations three to five times faster than DNA in the nucleus. As a result, the mtDNA of closely related species differs more than the nuclear DNA of those species and can ...

Researchers ID chlorophyll-regulating gene

...he chlorophyll used by plants to convert the sun's energy into food during photosynthesis. While a seed germinates under soil, in the dark, it is producing a controlled amount of protochlorophyll in preparation for its debut above ground. Much like a baby takes his or her first breath of air after emergi...

Groundbreaking research could ignite new solutions to heat transfer in nano-devices

...fully completed a detailed measurement of how heat energy is created at the molecular level, an approach tha...ociate. "The experiment detailed the pathways for energy transfer and also provided the tools to study other molecules," said Dr. Dlott. "In designing nanosc...

The book opens on the first tree genome

...elp deliver the poplar's parts list--and the clean energy and cleaner environment that scientists will produce using the genetic sequence of the poplar in the future." "Forest genomics is rapidly shaping how we do sustainable, intensive forestry," said David L. Emerson, Canada's Minister of Industry. "The c...

Termites could hold the key to self-sufficient buildings

...ces (e.g. heating and ventilation) and so use less energy and other resources than conventional structures. Loughborough University is leading this innovative project, with funding from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC). The initiative will include research in Namibia to digita...

Northeastern University receives $12.4 million NSF grant for creation of nanomanufacturing institute

...torage densities and other electronic, medical and energy applications, realistic commercial products cannot be realized without first answering the question of how to mass produce the technology," Busnaina said. "We need to find an economical nanoscale manufacturing or the technology will remain in the lab...

UAF scientists discover new marine habitat in Alaska

...anisms from the water for food, rhodoliths produce energy through photosynthesis. Globally, rhodoliths fill an important niche in the marine ecosystem, serving as a transition habitat between rocky areas and barren, sandy areas. Rhodoliths provide habitat for a wide variety of species, from commercial s...

Key cell-death step found

...ed diseases. In healthy cells, mitochondria (tiny energy substations that churn out each cell's power supply) continually fuse together and split in two. When mitochondrial fusion goes awry, cells are targeted for programmed cell death, or apoptosis. Apoptosis is a normal process in healthy individuals, b...

Environmental decontamination, greenhouse gases, and the genome of a methane-loving bacterium

...hey can use methane as a sole source of carbon and energy and could dramatically reduce biologically generated methane emissions. They've also been the focus of bioremediation efforts aimed at environmental decontamination. And now, with the publication of the first complete genome sequence of a methanotrop...

Green, leafy spinach may soon power cellphones and laptops

...orporated a plant's ability to convert sunlight to energy into a solid-state electronic "spinach sandwich" d...ice," Baldo said. Plants' ability to generate energy has been optimized by evolution, so a spinach plant is extremely efficient, churning out a lot of en...

Wastewater could treat itself, power city

The energy stored in Toronto's municipal wastewater could be ...of Energy Engineering, is the first to measure the energy content of the raw municipal wastewater in the Ashbridges Bay, North Toronto, Highland Creek and Hum...

Scientists explore genome of methane-breathing microbe

...redundant toolkit of genes for using methane as an energy and carbon source. Such methane-consuming microbes...Methanotrophs play an important role in the global energy cycle because they consume methane, a gas that is produced mostly by chemical processes in landfills...

New way to protect brain from stroke damage

...uires complete oxidation of glucose to fulfill its energy requirements, the researchers explained. During is...hemia, oxygen depletion forces the brain to obtain energy through anaerobic glycolysis, a process which results in the accumulation of lactic acid. Earlier wo...

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(Date:4/17/2014)... of chronic inflammation in non-cancerous prostate tissue may have ... than those with no inflammation, according to results of ... Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center. , The link between persistent ... so-called high-grade prostate cancer those with a Gleason ... of the most aggressive and rapidly growing prostate cancers. ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Experimental Biology and Medicine a multidisciplinary research ... Kenis in the Institute of Genomic Biology (IGB) ... Urbana-Champaign describe their recent work on subcellular redox ... cell functions including energy metabolism, signaling, and transcriptional ... normal cellular behavior, redox status has been recognized ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... biology team has created a new technology for ... could travel the body and selectively target cancer ... biological devices that monitor and modify human physiology ... However, no existing technology enabled bioengineers to build ... and respond in a customized fashion. , "The ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... 2014-- Colic affects about one in five infants in ... visits during the first several months after birth. Research ... showing promise; however, the April 1, 2014 issue of ... reported on a study, "Probiotics and Infant Colic," concluding ... for infant colic did not reduce crying ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... ward off depression among retirees, particularly among those who ... The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences ... Internet Use and Depression Among Retired Older Adults in ... report that Internet use reduced the probability of a ... , Late-life depression affects between 5 and 10 ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Chronic inflammation linked to 'high-grade' prostate cancer 2Health News:Chronic inflammation linked to 'high-grade' prostate cancer 3Health News:Live cell imaging reveals distinct alterations of subcellular glutathione potentials 2Health News:Building 'smart' cell-based therapies 2Health News:New study says probiotic use for infant colic is not effective in reducing symptoms 2Health News:Internet use may cut retirees' depression 2
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