Tag: "engineering" at biology news
Scientists Show How Defects Can Improve Technology In Science Magazine's Special Issue On Materials Science
...ng high-speed communications technologythrough the engineering
of a certain variety of optical fibers. In one article, Hans J. Queisser and Eugene E. Haller reviewseveral of the major ways in which defects affect the performance ofsemiconductors. In some cases researchers grow pure semiconductor crysta...
More Than $7.5 Million For Research
...rofit foundation created in 1975 inthe belief that engineering
can improve medical care. In addition to theresear...undation operates six other programs forbiomedical engineering
research and education. Following is a list of primary investigators by institution and includingpr...
Engineering New Enzymes
...rid was chosen as a potential first step in the engineering
of a model for fXa-inhibitor interactions with crystallization properties more like trypsin....
Promiscuous Plants May Spread Genes To Weeds
...ergelson, "but the results demonstrate thatgenetic engineering
can substantially increase the incidence of outcrossing in aselfing species." She warns that the widespread use of transgenic crops maydirectly cause the creation of weeds with traits intended to increase thefitness of crops, spurring a need for new...
University Of Kentucky Biomedical Engineer Awarded Grant To Improve Joint Replacements And Dental
...a private, nonprofit foundationthat focuses on how engineering
can improve medical care. Puleo will use his $209,986 award for his study, "Preparation andAnalysis of Biochemically Modified Surfaces to Control Bone-CellOrthopedic-Biomaterial Interactions." "The goal of the project is to use a biol...
University Of California-San Francisco Researchers Report Test That Detects Prion Diseases, Illuminates Novel
Findings About Infectious Prions
...but weare moving from a scientific discovery to an engineering
challenge." But the significance of the UCSF study, reported in the October issue ofNature Medicine, extends beyond the hope for an effective screening tool. Forthe assay has revealed stunning insights into the nature of the novel,inscrutabl...
Living Bone Created By University of Toronto Researchers
...ted by biomaterials professor John Davies,chemical engineering
professor Molly Shoichet and doctoral student Chantal Holy. When implanted to fill a gap or fracture, the foam can be seeded with thepatient's own bone stem cells to create living tissue. Bone defects and injuries are currently treated pred...
University-Industry-Government Institute Will Study Pollution Control Chemistry In A Unique Virtual Collaboration
...ckgrounds in chemistry, chemical and environmental engineering
and materialsscience. They will be organized into ...ll," said Gray,who is associate professor of civil engineering
in Northwestern's Robert R.McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science. The institute will h...
Virginia Tech Scientists Studying Cells From Extreme Environments
...plies that knowledge to the developmentand genetic engineering
of enzymes and of biomaterials. Potts and Helm are focusing on Nostoc, which is one of a group of specialmicroorganisms called extremophiles. These microorganisms colonize environmentsthat are extreme in conditions such as the amount of heat or cold,...
NSF teams with DOE to fund Environmental Molecular Science Institutes
...izes the critical role of thephysical sciences and engineering
in addressing global environmental problemsthat require a multidisciplinary approach." Krebs added, "This new partnershipamong the DOE's national laboratories, the universities and private industriesprovides researchers with the opportunity to capit...
Whitaker makes largest individual grants ever totaling more than $30 million
...wards are a tribute to the excellence ofbiomedical engineering
educational and research programs at both of these...ss,"he said. "These awards confirm that biomedical engineering
education andresearch programs at Hopkins and UCSD are of the highest quality and willcontinue to ha...
The Smell of Success
...heynst, Ph.D., anassistant professor of biological engineering
at UC-Davis, and "odor emissionsare related to how a compost process is managed," she claims....
"Lab On A Chip" For DNA Testing Invented By U-M Engineers
ANN ARBOR---A multidisciplinary team of engineering
and genetic scientists atthe University of Michiga...n is the product of five years of work by chemical engineering
Prof.Mark A. Burns, along with Profs. David Burke (human genetics) and CarlosMastrangelo (electrical...
DOE Joint Human Genome Effort Exceeds Sequencing Goal
...ion, has established anunparalleled scientific and engineering
infrastructure in its nationallaboratories and a track record of success in conducting large-scalemultidisciplinary projects. In 1986, the DOE was the first federal agency tolaunch a major initiative to completely decipher the entire human genetic co...
AAPS Co-Sponsors FDA Science Forum
...nd preventive agents Gene therapy Cell and tissue engineering
Vaccines New models/methods for safety and efficacy assessment Regulatory challenges Translating scientific advances into regulatory action Public acceptance of novel products A poster session featuring all areas of FDA regulatory science will be...
Cedars-Sinai Scientist Finds Malignancy Gene In Tumor Cells
...ed in three months,work will begin on genetically engineering
a method of blocking the gene'sexpression. Herein may lie its greatest clinical significance, said Dr.Ljubimova. "Most patients die from metastasis or invasion," she said. "If,using antisense technology, the gene could be deactivated, a tumor cell's...
University Of Hawaii, Berkeley Launch Marine Bioproduct Initiative
...incorporate expertise from many differentfields of engineering
and marine sciences to develop the basis of a work... involve students from chemical engineering, ocean engineering
andmarine microbiology to create a new, interdisciplinary curriculum to produce thenext-generation m...
Common Type Of Aircraft Wing Susceptible To Hazardous Icing
... Bragg,professor of aeronautical and astronautical engineering
at the U. of I. "Theseaccretions can form when the aircraft fliesthrough freezing rain and drizzle." Using simulated ice accretions, Bragg and his students have examined thesensitivity of ice shape, size and location onairfoil performance. Their goal...
By Revving Up Key Gene, Researchers Discover They Can Manipulate The Size Of Cells In Plants
... he said. "Farmers have been doing genetic engineering
since before the time ofJesus Christ by selecting seeds from larger fruits or particular fruits toplant," he said. "That is essentially all we are doing today in plantbiotechnology, except that now we have become much more sophisticated. We areextrem...
University Of Chicago Professor Wins $50,000 Bristol-Myers Squibb Award For Distinguished Achievement In Infectious Disease Research
...our knowledge of viruses and thescience of genetic engineering
have been fundamental," says Richard Colonno,vice president, Infectious Disease Drug Discovery, Bristol-Myers SquibbPharmaceutical Research Institute. "He exemplifies the qualities that theBristol-Myers Squibb award is meant to honor." In the...
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