Tag: "engineering" at biology news
National Science Board calls for significant new investment in research on the environment
...ignificant new investment in the basic science and engineering
discoverynecessary to understanding the environment. It maintains that NSF is uniquelypositioned to provide leadership in basic environmental research in the future. "Discoveries over the past decade or more have revealed new linkagesbetween...
U-M scientists identify genes that make blood "thicker" and more likely to clot as we get older
...jacent regions. U-M scientists then used genetic engineering
technology to insert these humanminigenes into fertilized mouse eggs to create transgenic mice that producedhuman Factor IX, in addition to the mouse version. After the mice were born,Kurachi and his colleagues selected three to six founder mice for ...
New methodology reduces costs of monitoring contaminated sites
...ara Minsker, a professor of civiland environmental engineering
at the U. of I."Whether the goal is to contain the... her U. of I. colleagues -- civil andenvironmental engineering
professor AlbertValocchi and graduate student Patrick Reed -- consists of three primarycomponents: a...
UT Southwestern researchers engineer cells that may hold key to treating inflammatory diseases
...'s issue of Nature Medicine, involved themolecular engineering
of cells in mice - a procedure that could eventually leadto the prevention and treatment of inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoidarthritis. "What we did was to change the concept entirely. We tried to convert dendriticcells (which signal for an im...
INEEL launches comprehensive vadose zone management program
...boratory's enduring role as an applied science and engineering
facilitythat solves problems and its experience gained from field scale infiltrationstudies on the vadose zone. INEEL researchers were also nationally recognizedin 1997 with a prestigious R&D 100 Award for the Advanced Tensiometer, aninnovative inst...
Biology, engineering jointly train students in neuro-mechanics
Twenty-eight graduate students in biology and engineering
at Case Western Reserve University will have resea...igator, and Patrick Crago, professor of biomedical engineering
and co-principal investigator, will oversee the CWRU project. CWRU's "Training in Neuro-mechanical ...
Donation valued at $12 million: Hoechst Research & Technology donates cut resistant fiber patents to Clemson University
...Clemson, based on their extensive work in advanced engineering
fibers andfilms. We believe they will create new ... leaders in commodity chemicals, acetatefibers and engineering
plastics. Hoechst plans to spin off these globalindustrial businesses into a new company called Cel...
Stanford scientists use noise to sort proteins
...ins. "This system combines interesting physics and engineering
to produce a devicethat may prove useful for biology," says Boxer, "and we're not violating thesecond law!" Funding for the research was provided by the National Science Foundation, theNetherlands Organization for Scientific Research and SmithKline B...
Smog impacts: Hurtling through airways, tiny particles may do more damage than previously assumed
...expert Anthony S. Wexler, a professor ofmechanical engineering
at UD, "perhaps partly because pollutant particles are sodeeply deposited in our airways." A study by Ramesh Sarangapani and Wexler, expected to appear in the next Journal of Aerosol Science, reveals how pollutant particles smaller than2.5 micromete...
University Of Toronto team discovers salt tolerance gene in plants
...ant cell by osmosis. "By successfully genetically engineering
a plant to have this salt managementsystem, we've opened up the possibility of modifying economically importantcrops so that they may grow in saline conditions," said Professor EduardoBlumwald, who led the research group that discovered the gene in t...
Cincinnati chemists develop microsensors for nuclear waste cleanup, medical
...eguide technologywith the assistance of electrical engineering
professor Joseph Nevin andgraduate student Saroj Aryal. Thephysics and engineering
are rather complex, but it really boils down to morebounces and moreopportunity to detect the compou...
New MIT probe gathers data for better polymers
...nt Professor of Chemical Engineering, and chemical engineering
graduatestudent Leslie S. Loo. Professor Gleason noted that the research is part of aninterdisciplinary research group at MIT on the rational design of polymericmaterials that is led by Professor Mary Boyce of the Department of MechanicalEngineering....
Researchers overcome hurdle of transporting large amounts of DNA to the nucleus
using nonviral vectors
...Scott Diamond, PhD, associate professor ofchemical engineering
at Penn. "Most gene therapies involve adenoviruses oradeno-associated viruses, but they're expensive to make." Diamond likens gene transfer to getting over a series of hurdles. First DNAmust be transported to the cell surface, then it must be tak...
New technique builds microscopic medical devices for transplants
... Mauro Ferrari, professor of biomedical engineering
atOhio State, has devised a method for implanting tinysilicon capsules -- about the size of a pinhead -- beneath a patient's skin. Such capsules would carry healthytransplant ...
Researcher finds plant toxin that causes fungal suicide
...gi. "If it's true, this gives us possibilities for engineering
more potentantifungal compounds," says John Duvick, research coordinator for diseaseresistance in the Department of Crop Protection at Pioneer Hi-BredInternational. "We could find a protein or molecule that does the job betterthan the ones we now hav...
NRC takes lead in the development of a national program for multi-million dollar biochip technologies
...iplinary efforts in biology, chemistry,physics and engineering
and the NRC is well positioned to play a leadership rolein the mounting of a national effort on biochip technologies. In particular,biochips are needed by researchers to push forward genomics research ingovernment labs, universities and industry rig...
Future uses of MicroElectricalMechanical (MEM) systems to be featured at Santa Clara show
...anti-terrorism to thestate-of-health monitoring of engineering
systems. Advances are still beingpursued on many fronts -- microsensors, logic circuits, micromachine fabricationand assembly, and optical or microwave communications. Microsensors are instruments that detect their surroundings, bringing the senseso...
INEEL, universities collaborate on subsurface strontium-90 remediation efforts
...tants out of the subsurface is difficult todo with engineering
efforts. Strontium and similar elements can migrate through the vadose zone and aquifer,said Smith. With the radioactive strontium-90 trapped in the calcite crystal,however, it will be unable to move and will be effectively removed from the groundwat...
Advance may put gene chip technology on scientists' desktops
... to UW-Madisonprofessor of electrical and computer engineering
Franco Cerrina, can be likenedto desktop publishing: "Instead of several weeks, it takes eight hours to make achip," he said, and the cost of producing such chips is reduced significantly. Moreover, MAS has the potential to be used to clinically diag...
Advances in engineering heart tissue reported by MIT scientists, colleagues
...t report their results. The work is key to engineering
3D cardiac tissue that could eventuallybe used to ...periment five years ago "showed that cardiactissue engineering
was possible," Dr. Vunjak-Novakovic said. The current papersare the first to quantitatively characte...
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