Tag: "enhance" at biology news

JCI Table of Contents, 1 October, 2003

...(EPO), shortly after ischemic injury, was shown to enhance heart function and prevent subsequent smaller attacks by inhibiting cardiac myocyte cell death. These results, reported in the October 1 issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, demonstrate that a therapeutic window of opportunity may exist i...

NIH announces strategy to accelerate medical research progress

... had to be deemed of high potential impact, had to enhance the disease and mission-specific activities of all of NIH's 27 institutes and centers, and had to respond to the needs and concerns of the public. NIH will begin to implement all of the initiatives in fiscal year 2004. Some initiatives that build upo...

Researchers urge caution over using ginseng in early pregnancy

...he said. Ginseng, according to Dr Chan, is used to enhance stamina and the capacity to cope with fatigue and physical stress. It is also believed to have an anti-cancer function and to improve cognitive and physical performance. "So, pregnant women might take ginseng because they think it is good for their p...

Could diabetes treatments fight cancer?

... but also found two proteins that bind to LKB1 and enhance its activity. When the researchers removed LKB1 from the extract, they found that the extract could no longer activate AMPK, consistent with LKB1 being the activating enzyme. LKB1 normally acts to prevent tumour growth. The way that it does this was ...

Data privacy, emergency response, weather prediction to benefit from information technology advances

...ge research supported by the ITR program will also enhance the country's capabilities in this critical area." The ITR program encourages and stimulates innovative, high-risk and high-return multidisciplinary research that extends the frontiers of information technology, improves our understanding of its impa...

Lasker Award honors Rockefeller University biochemist for pioneering studies of gene activation

...imilar proteins bind to specific DNA sequences and enhance the "reading" of corresponding target genes by the appropriate subset of the general transcription machinery. Repressors perform the opposite task by inhibiting a gene's activity. Hundreds of these transcription activators and repressors subsequentl...

Jefferson and Brigham and Women's researchers find blue light important for setting biological clock

...ve. If you wanted built-in illumination that would enhance circadian regulation, you might want this wavelength region emphasized. It is interesting that natural daylight the blue sky is rich in this part of the spectrum." Dr. Brainard and his co-workers previously discovered that wavelengths of light in t...

Detecting chemical threats with 'intelligent' networks

...nce as a means of avoiding false positives, and to enhance the robustness of the sensors with repeated use. The research is funded by NIST and the Defense Threat Reduction Agency....

Purdue biologists receive nearly $18 million to study infectious diseases

...repare us for a bioterrorism attack, but will also enhance our ability to deal with any public health crisis, such as SARS and West Nile virus." The antivirals project will constitute Purdue's contribution to the recently established Midwestern RCE, located at the University of Chicago. While the funds will ...

Asthma patients cautioned about melatonin

...nsomnia. However, melatonin has also been shown to enhance inflammation in cell and animal studies of asthma. Airway inflammation is one reason people with asthma have difficulty breathing. A significant portion of asthma patients experience increased symptoms at night. Dr. Sutherland and his colleagues hypo...

Non-judgmental intervention may help binge eaters overcome disorders

...gmental interview and feedback session designed to enhance people's motivation to change their behavior added to a self-help program appears to be effective in treating some people with two common types of eating disorders bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. The finding comes from an as yet unpublish...

Army awards up to $50 million to establish Institute for Collaborative Biotechnologies

...ties, nearing the construction phase, will greatly enhance the ability of ICB researchers at UCSB to advance their cross-disciplinary research agendas. Three complementary emphases focus on technical foundations related to the research plan. The first two pertain to "tools for discovery"--the technical inve...

Detoxifying sediments with electrons and UV light

...h continues on additives and conditions that might enhance the decontamination processes. The research is funded by NIST, the university, and the Maryland Water Resources Center....

PNNL supercomputer fastest open system in U.S.

...services to customers that help manage, deploy and enhance the power and ability of supercomputing. "HP and PNNL are working together to create next-generation technical computing solutions that will support some of the world's most important scientific research," said Martin Fink, vice president of Linux, H...

Threatened juvenile salmon get scientific assistance

...s and other physical structures have been added to enhance fish passage over the years, but there is insufficient data to demonstrate the effectiveness of these efforts. The program will provide decision-makers scientifically sound data to retrofit existing culverts and develop better designs for new culver...

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology

...nized intranasally, treated with interleukin-12 to enhance mucosal immune response and then challenged with varying strains of S. pneumoniae. The researchers found a seventy-five percent survival rate of vaccinated mice as opposed to a rate of zero percent in those not vaccinated. Additionally, vaccinated ...

JCI Table of Contents, 15 August 2003

...ential mechanisms by which Cripto expression might enhance tumor growth. A new study by Michele Sanicola and colleagues at Biogen Inc. in the August 15 issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation reveals that binding of Cripto to the TGFbeta ligand Activin B can block Activin B-mediated suppression of cel...

The genetic complexities of sensation-seeking behavior in alcoholic men

...ntial for abuse by humans also share an ability to enhance dopaminergic activity in mesolimbic mesocortical circuits, which are thought to be important for reward and reinforcement behaviors. Among the different candidate genes, those acting in the dopaminergic pathway may be specifically involved." Environ...

Researchers one step closer to Holy Grail of neurobiology

...help scientists develop pharmacological methods to enhance alertness during the day and sleep at night. Analyzing the mechanisms of arousal may lead to a more precise anesthesiology. The operational definition of arousal proposed by the Rockefeller researchers states that an aroused animal or human will be ...

Plant pathologists meeting in Charlotte, NC to discuss homeland security, emerging diseases

... the science of plant pathology and our ability to enhance the security of our crops, rangelands, forests, and natural environments," said APS President Jacqueline Fletcher. Other upcoming sessions include: National Plant Pest and Disease Diagnostics Network: A Federal-State Partnership for Homeland Security...

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