Tag: "ensures" at biology news

Bacterial Protein Structure Hints At Mechanism Of A Class Of Premature Aging Diseases

...rands, which aretwisted in a helical pattern. "RTP ensures that when DNA replicates,it is brought to a neat and accurate finish, and the cell knows that itis time to divide into two," White said. Recently, helicase malfunction has been found responsible for a classof genetic diseases including Werner'...

Roadsides Benefit From Waste, UF Researchers Say

...y said roadside vegetation is necessary because it ensures the structural integrity of the roadbed by preventing soil erosion and keeping asphalt from crumbling. He said the news that roadside composting looks promising is welcome. "Importing topsoil and adding fertilizer is very costly, so this alternative ...

Genetic Study Reveals Sumatran Tigers Are A Distinct Species From All Mainland Tigers

...because the use of newly discovered geneticmarkers ensures reliable identification of products produced from Sumatrantigers. Finally, since conservation plans for wild populations depend onsupport from the country where the animals live, recognition of the specialnature of Sumatran tigers opens possibilitie...

French Researchers Breed Flightless Ladybirds As Pest-Killers

... a way of breeding ladybirds that can't fly, which ensures that theystay around to eat the pests. Using predators to control pests is widely seen as less harmful to theenvironment than pesticides. Ladybirds make ideal predators, since both larvaeand adults feed on other insects. The larvae are alread...

Experts Say That Future Inhaled Anti-Viral Drug, Zanamivir Is Effective For Treatment And Prevention Of Influenza

...e to zanamivirdid not develop in this study. This ensures that the medicine remains effectiveduring treatment. True influenza (type A and type B) is a serious infection of the breathingpassages and is different from the common cold. It can have some seriouseffects. For example, in the elderly or those who...

UB Stroke Researchers Develop New Technique To Measure Blood Rate-of-flow, Treat Brain Malformations

...int as it is carried along by the blood flow. This ensures that blood flow is blocked to the AVM without occluding the main artery or vein. Current techniques for determining rate of blood flow use two approaches, both involving injecting a contrast medium into the AVM through a tiny catheter threaded thro...

Light Shed On Mystery Horse Disease

...stype of basic research is even more important. It ensures that we maintain ourskills in dealing with newly emerging diseases," Dr Williamson says. AAHL scientists first identified the Hendra virus after tissue samples wererushed from Queensland during an outbreak of the mystery disease in Hendrain1994, in w...

NSF's Highest Honor For New Faculty Fosters Integration Of Research And Education

...quiry-basedresearch and education experiences thus ensures a world-class science andengineering workforce for the nation." NSF established the CAREER grants program to help top-performingscientists and engineers develop simultaneously their contributions andcommitment to research and education early ...

Scientists Use Bioengineering To Buy Time For Ailing Hearts

...t blood gets to the body. "Keeping the ductus open ensures that the blood keeps flowing throughout thebody, buying the baby time until surgery can be carried out to repair the heartdefect," explains Dr. Rabinovitch. The cushions that seal the ductus are made of muscle cells that migrate to theductus along a ...

Hutchinson Center to lead $11.5 million ovarian-cancer research consortium

...d treatment. The third is outcomes research, which ensures that theConsortium's efforts are invested in strategies that yield the greatestreductions in ovarian-cancer incidence and mortality. The outcomes research alsowill focus on making substantial improvements in quality of life among womenwith ovarian ca...

Common grass infected by fungus makes life difficult for other species

...ted," heexplained. "Seedtransmission of the fungus ensures that it is dispersed with the grass. Givenits widespreaddistribution and high infection frequency, tall fescue may threaten thepersistence of nativeplant species and associated animals, affect succession, and modify food webs inplantcommunities."...

Seeing one weapon from a food-borne pathogen

...ptor and copying the way a hostprotein binds to it ensures that the bacteria can infect its host," Bjorkmansaid. "Host cells need integrins, so they cannot be changed to avoid bindinginvasin since that would disrupt important host functions."...

A safer way of altering genes

...gh cells to correct the defect. While this ensures that sperm and egg cells do not become contaminatedby the added genes, it isn't very efficient. As a result, many gene therapytrials have had only limited success. However, if genes could be ferried into embryos in an artificialchromosome tha...

Errant nerve cells risk a clockwork death

...overy likely revealsa new fail-safe mechanism that ensures proper wiring of the nervous system. Thischeckpoint allows the burgeoning nervous system to winnow wayward neurons whosemeanderings could cause dangerous miswiring of neural circuitry. Tessier-Lavigne and former postdoctoral fellow Hao Wang, who is ...

Twins

...th other events in the cell cycle, the Caulobacter ensures that each progeny cell, swarmer or stalked, ends up with the correct number of gene-bearing chromosomes. Recent research shows that the master regulator itself is controlled by processes within the cell....

UB establishes institute for research on lasers, photonics and biophotonics

...r than their own. Such an emphasis oncollaboration ensures faster and more robust innovations and an intense focus on marketable applications, Prasad said. For example, chemists at the institute are developing new optical materials designed to expand the efficiency ofphotosensitizers in patients undergoing ...

Chromosome centers defined and sequenced for model plant

... The centromere is the part of the chromosome that ensures each dividing cell inherits the correct DNA. The findings, published in the December 24th issue of Science , represent the first time that scientists working with a multi-cellular organism have been able to identify the genetic boundaries of the ...

UCSF researcher reports on protein therapy to reverse facial birth defects

...he right place. One series of developmental steps ensures this, and helps form many connections in your brain as well, said Helms. However, a dose of alcohol or carcinogens at the wrong time during development, or a genetic defect, can disturb this process and lead to birth defects such as holoprosencephaly...

At the waters edge -- Managing riparian forests

...ng the essential links between land and water that ensures quality water and quality aquatic habitats • Human values and desires shape the way riparian areas are managed and shared stewardship is especially appropriate to find common ground • Riparian areas should receive "active" management, with ...

Even the Immune System works with Pincers

...receptor. Their dialogue in the immune system ensures that pathogenic germs which were previously labeled with antibodies are removed by receptor-equipped immune cells, eg macrophages. The identification of the structure and of the exact location of the interaction site between both proteins o...

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