Tag: "environment" at biology news
Scientists sequence genome of kind of organism central to biosphere's carbon cycle
...better positioned to understand how changes in the environment
will translate into increases or decreases in diatom abundance," says Dan Rokhsar, who heads computational genomics at the Joint Genome Institute and one of the co-authors on the article. Scientists would like to better understand how these organism...
New Arizona State center brings science to policy on issues of water resources and urban growth
... Redman said. "That makes us an ideal experimental environment
to study how to manage and use our limited resources." Exploring "what ifs" One key capability of DCDC will be to run "what if" scenarios. Researchers and decision makers will use real data and scientific grounding to model hypotheti...
Cardiac arrest may hinder ability to learn certain tasks
...erm goal is to figure out how to alter the brain's environment
to bring those damaged neurons back to full functi...n. We can start by looking at the cells' immediate environment
to see what causes that alteration, and possibly reverse that." DeVries and her colleagu...
USAID, Conservation International & Starbucks launch Conservation Coffee Alliance in Central America
... to help improve the lives of rural people and the environment
worldwide." Building upon the success of the six-year partnership between Starbucks and CI, the Alliance uses a field-to-cup approach to community-level conservation that includes all aspects of producing, processing and marketing specialty coffee. T...
Atacama rover helps NASA learn to search for life on Mars
...Scope enables scientists to experience the Atacama environment
through the eyes and various sensors of the rover. The public can access the same kind of data experienced by scientists by downloading the EventScope interface from the Internet at: http://www.eventscope.org/atacama ...
Hidden diversity: DNA 'barcoding' reveals a common butterfly is actually 10 different species
...importance if we are to document the health of the environment
and the richness of global biodiversity."...
Indiana University, EPA to study airborne PCBs
...CBs do not break down easily and can remain in the environment
long after they were initially used or released. T...derstanding the behavior of these chemicals in the environment
allows the scientific community as a whole to identify potential threats to human health and the env...
Rice finds 'on-off switch' for buckyball toxicity
...ations where particles may make their way into the environment
-- toxicity is undesirable." In the study, the researchers exposed two types of human cells to various solutions containing different concentrations of buckyballs. Four types of solutions were tested. One contained tiny clusters of smooth-surfaced bu...
Researchers ID chlorophyll-regulating gene
... to transition from the darkness of an underground environment
to life above ground. "The development of seed burial in plants provided a long-term survival benefit through protection from predators and hostile surface conditions," said Quail. "The true test of our hypothesis would be to verify wheth...
Grant advances biochemical engineering laboratory
... renovations will provide a clean, low-contaminant environment
for the transfer of microbial cultures in student fermentation experiments. The grant also will be used to acquire a new pilot-scale fermentation vessel that will demonstrate problems with mixing, aeration, cooling and sterilization associated with t...
The book opens on the first tree genome
...lar's parts list--and the clean energy and cleaner environment
that scientists will produce using the genetic sequence of the poplar in the future." "Forest genomics is rapidly shaping how we do sustainable, intensive forestry," said David L. Emerson, Canada's Minister of Industry. "The complete poplar code prov...
Termites could hold the key to self-sufficient buildings
...un. The mounds provide a self-regulating living environment
that responds to changing internal and external co...ucture of the mound ensures a constant and optimum environment
for the fungus to thrive. The human equivalent of these 'smart' mounds would be buildings that meet...
Environmental issues center of Inland Northwest Research Alliance 4th Annual Symposium
...ur leaders do not," said Babbitt, referring to the environment
and the government's position on such things as climate change, the greenhouse effect and the important relationship between ground water and surface water. The fourth annual symposium highlighted natural resource issues that are part of every day de...
Study reveals why eyes in some paintings seem to follow viewers
...said. "When observing real surfaces in the natural environment
the visual information that specifies near and far points varies when we change viewing direction," he said. "When we observe a picture on the wall, on the other hand, the visual information that defines near and far points is unaffected by viewing d...
Green, leafy spinach may soon power cellphones and laptops
...e able to stabilize the protein complexes in a dry environment
for at least three weeks. "Detergent peptide turned out to be a wonderful material to keep proteins intact on the surface with electronics," Zhang said. He speculates that the detergent material has some water trapped within it, similar to the way pl...
Scientists explore genome of methane-breathing microbe
...cterium is capable of responding to changes in its environment
by functioning through different chemical pathways for using methane. That finding, if confirmed by later experiments, may increase the bacterium's potential as a biotech workhorse. Methanotrophs play an important role in the global energy cycle beca...
Information system to help scientists analyze mechanisms of social behavior
...information system. The system will be a software environment
that "will help to shed light on an unprecedented ... he said. "They live in the equivalent of an urban environment
where much of their social behavior is in response to environmental conditions." A BeeSpace team led...
Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology
...es based on direct analyses of DNA (or RNA) in its environment
without microbial enrichment have allowed for precise descriptions of microbial dynamics in complex ecosystems." Using these new technologies, the researchers analyzed bacterial populations in fresh raw milk, and raw milk that had been...
NSF announces six 'FIBR' awards to tackle some of biology's most challenging questions
...lex communities and whole ecosystems. Genes and environment
both contribute to behavior, and another project w...ermined by genes and how much is influenced by the environment
-- University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign "Ecological Genomics and Heritability: Consequences of ...
USC study links historical increases in life span to lower childhood exposure to infection
..." Finch said. "We noticed that improvements in the environment
may be reaching a maximum which would mean that further increase in life expectancy will depend on interventions other than public health such as this new generation of drugs." ...
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