Tag: "epidemics" at biology news
Circulation of 'disaster myths' in Haiti could hinder appropriate disposal of bodies
... can cause epidemics. 'Fear that dead bodies cause epidemics
in the surviving population has led to measures su.... He says: 'In many natural disasters, the risk of epidemics
is used to justify measures such as rapid mass burial. The result is that the victims are often not ...
Algal contact as a trigger for coral disease
Infectious disease epidemics
are causing widespread and alarming declines in reef-building coral species, the foundation blocks of coral reef ecosystems. The emergence of these diseases has occurred simultaneously with large increases in the abundance of seaweeds, called macroal...
First glimpse of DNA binding to viral enzyme
...irus eye infections lead to blindness. Respiratory epidemics
of adenovirus are often prevalent on army bases. And in patients with compromised immune systems, such as those infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), an opportunistic adenovirus infection can be deadly. During infection, adenovirus ...
Lecture on ecology of infectious diseases
...t the factors that influence where and when plague epidemics
will strike. Because of the close proximity of pr...cape setting in predicting these outbreaks. Plague epidemics
in prairie dogs, she found, were related to the surrounding landscape in unexpected ways: prairie d...
PNNL lands $10.3 million NIH biodefense contract to unlock proteomes of salmonella and pox
...bated with conventional drugs, could lead to major epidemics
if enlisted by terrorists. NIAID is banking that determining which microbial proteins interact with which human host cells will point drug designers toward quick and effective treatments during an outbreak. To conduct the analysis of these microbial ...
Climate change could doom Alaska's tundra
...anging environmental conditions, may cause massive epidemics
of plant disease and insect attack in some cases causing large forest die-offs that could then lead to more fires, adding complexity to the picture. The average annual temperatures in much of Alaska could increase by more than 13 degrees abo...
Mapping the evolution of a virus
...hogen, influenza." Experts estimate that influenza epidemics
cause an estimated 500,000 human deaths worldwide each year. Although antibodies provide protective immunity to influenza virus infection, the antigenic structure of proteins that stimulate immune responses changes significantly over time, a process...
Tulane opens doors to discovery
...n the third day, attendees will discuss the global epidemics
of the future, including infectious diseases, biodefense and obesity. Speakers on Saturday include Jaime Sepulveda, director of the Mexican National Institutes of Health, infectious disease specialist John La Montagne and nutritionist Barry Popkin. ...
After natural disasters, the risk of infection, epidemics from dead bodies is negligible
...ca, India, Africa, and the Balkans. Historically, epidemics
resulting in mass fatalities have only occurred fr...r death occurs. It is therefore unlikely that such epidemics
will result from contact with a cadaver. Instead, notes the article, it is far more likely that surv...
Mite transmits viruses damaging to wheat
...eeper into the environmental conditions that favor epidemics
of mite-vectored infections. Could CRP hold the key to the entire puzzle? For now, they can only speculate. "What we know is that hundreds of thousands of dollars have been lost this year. The cause in many cases will go unrecognized because w...
New research supports theory that indirect transmission of chronic wasting disease
...emics, and illustrate how potentiallycomplex these epidemics
may be in natural populations." Added Williams, "We've had a great deal of circumstantialevidence suggesting that indirect transmission occurs. Theexperimental findings show that we need to consider severalpotential exposure routes when attempting...
Emory scientists receive NIH MIDAS grant for computer modeling of infectious diseases
...els to study various aspects of infectious disease epidemics
and community responses, and a fourth award funds ...ers and public health officials to use to simulate epidemics
and response strategies."MIDAS will play a key role in the NIH biodefense plan," said Elias A. Zerho...
Computer modeling targets epidemics, bioterror
...skill to enhance our ability to respond to disease epidemics
and bioterrorism. The initiative, called MIDAS, wi...els to study various aspects of infectious disease epidemics
and community responses. These research grants together total $9.5 million over five years (averagin...
Researchers make major gain in understanding how prions jump species
...n agent first was brought to the public eye by the epidemics
of mad cow disease in the United Kingdom and rapidly growing concerns that the disease may have been transmitted to humans by consumption of tainted beef products. The first case of mad cow disease in the United States, reported last year, is having ...
A&M researcher studying genes of mosquitoes
...ich there is no vaccine." The first reported epidemics
of dengue fever occurred in the late-1700s in Asia, Africa and North America. South Texas experienced its largest outbreak of dengue fever in nearly 20 years in October 1999, with more then 100 cases reported in Texas and Mexico. Dengue viruses...
Primate viruses transmitted to people through bushmeat
...etroviruses and other pathogens could spark future epidemics
similar to HIV," added Dr. Wolfe. For the study, Dr. Wolfe and his colleagues examined blood samples from 1,099 individuals from Cameroon who were taking part in an HIV prevention program. All of the study participants reported having some exposure t...
Researcher identifies Irish potato famine pathogen
...1982. The specimens included ones from late-blight epidemics
in Ireland, the United States and continental Euro...f the specimens including those involved in major epidemics
in Ireland and other locations around the globe were infected with the Ia haplotype of P. infestans...
Thailand dengue hemorrhagic fever epidemics spread in waves emanating from Bangkok
...of Public Health studying dengue hemorrhagic fever epidemics
in Thailand have determined that the disease radia...hiting School of Engineering. "Anticipating dengue epidemics
and determining the causes of those epidemics
could help us plan control strategies more effectively...
Ebola outbreaks are simultaneous 'mini-epidemics'
...bola virus in Central Africa are actually multiple epidemics
of different viral strains, simultaneously appearing when conditions are ideal, according to a study appearing in the journal Science. The study, authored by the New York-based Wildlife Conservation Society and other groups, said that scientists pr...
California pistachio industry threatened by potentially devastating disease
...ds in only a few years," he said. To prevent such epidemics
from occurring, and since some resistance to the disease exists in the present Pistacia germplasm, breeders need to work closely with plant pathologists to develop disease resistant varieties of the pistachio tree. In addition, Michailides also recom...
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