Tag: "epilepsy" at biology news
Brain Protein "Rescues" Neurons From Atrophy
...ental retardation, certain psychiatric conditions, epilepsy
and neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson'" disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The researchers are postdoctoral fellow David Riddle, Assistant Professor Donald Lo and Associate Professor Lawrence Katz, all of the medical center'...
ORNL Finds Common Genetic Cause For Epilepsy, Migraine
OAK RIDGE, Tenn. -- Migraine and epilepsy
have more in commonthan researchers thought, says ...r further studies. "Knowing what it is that causes epilepsy
and migraines could help us get acure or prevent future cases," Stubbs said. "It could also prove ve...
Study: Device Prevents Epileptic Seizures, Doesn't Damage Hearts
...how a promising new device for treatingintractable epilepsy
works well in preventing seizures and has no ill e... "This device is neither a cure for epilepsy
nor a substitute formedication or epilepsy
surgery, but it is useful for otherwise healthy peoplewit...
Testosterone And Working Memory; Epilepsy And Schizophrenia; Toxins And Neuron Death; Oregon Researchers Present Findings At Society For Neuroscience
...vance understanding of the criticalbalance between epilepsy
and schizophrenia. DNA DAMAGE BY TOXINS MAY PRECIPITATE NEURODEGENERATIVE DISEASE Scientists at Oregon Health Sciences University are shedding light onthe mechanisms by which a plant toxin called cycasin causes neurodegenerativedisease. Thei...
UF Researchers Investigate Phenomenon Of Seizure-Alert Dogs
... A person with recurring seizures is said to have epilepsy
-- a generic term used to define a variety of seizure disorders, according to information provided by The Epilepsy Foundation of America. About 25 million, or one in 10, Americans have had, or will have, a seizure at somepoint in their lives. ...
Doublecortin : A Novel Gene Involved In Cortical Development
...) and Reims, and is associated with severeforms of epilepsy
and mental retardation. This syndrome consists of two similarmalformations of the cerebral cortex known as subcortical laminar heterotopia(SCLH) and lissencephaly. The former is more common in girls, while the lattermainly affects boys. Subjects with...
Mathematics Reveals New Pattern Of Brain Cell Activity
...ts cluesas to how nervous system disorders such as epilepsy
jumble communicationsignals in the brain, and how inhibitory signals can lead to smooth, synchronouswaves like those the brain produces during sleep. One of our main motivations for studying this is sleep rhythms,explained Terman. ...
High-pressure Oxygen Therapy Could Offer Widespread Benefits
... of dollarsannually in treating victims of stroke, epilepsy
and spinal cord injury. Particularly with respect to treating stroke, "There is potential fora meaningful benefit for patients," said Thom, president of the Undersea andHyperbaric Medical Society. The problem is, there's no reason ...
Hopkins Scientists Clock The Speed Of Comprehension
... Their task was somewhat simplified by an adult epilepsy
patientpreparing for surgery to control intractable seizures experienced since age 8. The patient was scheduled to have a grid of 174 electrodes temporarily implantedon the surface of his brain to pinpoint the source of his seizures for removalin sur...
Researchers Discover Novel Gene Family Responsible For Pacemaker Activity In Brain And Heart
...e gene family discovery arediverse. "In the brain, epilepsy
may result from excess use of the pacemakerchannel. Suppressing this activity might decrease the tendency to have aseizure," suggests Dr. Kandel. Altering pacemaker channel function might alsoone day be used to manipulate levels of awareness. "The 'b...
Gene Discovery Provides Insights Into Epilepsy
...ears to be staring intospace. Half of all forms of epilepsy
are thought to have a genetic basis, whichis at present poorly understood. The discovery of the novel gene, reported in the August 1998 edition of thejournal Nature Genetics, shows that calcium channels are important ininitiating epilepsy. This re...
Stargazer Gene Provides New Clues To Calcium Channel Defects In Absence Epilepsy
...ory and colleagues haveidentified the gene for the epilepsy
mutation in mice known as "stargazer" andreport th...ontrol. Although the complex mechanisms of epilepsy
are still a mystery, theseizures are known to result from the misfiring of neurons in the brain. Ins...
Scientists Find Gene For Severe Form Of Epilepsy
...pproximately 40 million affected people worldwide, epilepsy
is one of themost common neurological disorders," ...opens an entire new area of research into not only epilepsy
butalso normal brain function," says Dr. Berge Minassian, a neurologist at HSC andkey scientist in t...
... ofEpilepsy: The genetic etiology of many forms of epilepsy
are currently underinvestigation. One of these, myoclonus epilepsy
of the Unverricht-Lundborg type(EM1), which manifests clinically as severe myoclonic seizures and pr...
Medical Tip Sheet - November 1, 1998
...brain damage caused by stroke, Parkinson'sdisease, epilepsy
and spinal cord injuries. The treatment involves removal andregeneration of carefully targeted brain cells, which are then re-introducedinto the patient, where growth continues and the brain is repaired. Available for interviews: Michel Levesque, M.D...
Severe Pain Following Shingles Safely Relieved In Clinical Trial Of Anti-Convulsant Drug Gabapentin
...maceuticalResearch, which developed gabapentin for epilepsy
and funded the shingles study....
Researchers Externally Regulate Gene Implanted In Brain
... itpossible to block or reduce seizure activity in epilepsy
or to raise braindopamine levels in Parkinson's disease. Obesity may be another targeted disorder for AAV gene transfer. TheUNC-CH researchers have begun studying animals that do not produce endogenousleptin, a molecule that plays an ...
Blocking the binge: UF researchers explore for uncontrolled eating
GAINESVILLE---A medication for epilepsy
holds promise of also helping people whosuffer from binge eating, according to a University of Florida psychiatrist. In a small pilot study, nine of 13 patients who used the anticonvulsantmedication topiramate reported long-term decreased incidence ...
Chemistry of alcoholism, vitamin C and stress addiction antibodies, futurefoods, preventing brain cell death, children's environmental health risks
...red by Alzheimer's disease, head injury, stroke or epilepsy
will be presented. The approach uses a novel method to keep genetic material from triggering a "killer protein" that precedes brain death during episodes of disease or injury, and the drug model is being prepared for clinical testing. (See page 63,YC...
Landmark obesity study
...t. In addition, medicationscommonly used to treat epilepsy
and various forms of depression often lead tounwanted weight gain. We hope that this finding will be useful for weightcontrol in these conditions as well." "It may also turn out that this new understanding of weight control will lead toways to avoid...
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