Tag: "ethanol" at biology news
Corn Byproduct Shows Promise As Biodegradable Packaging Material
...is extracted from corn gluten meal left over after ethanol
manufactureand also from dry milling waste. Only a small portion of the zein currentlyavailable is used commercially in the formulation of specialty coatingsfor candies, rice, dried fruits and pharmaceutical tablets. U. of I. researchersthink their p...
COGA Genome Scan Suggests Linkage On Chromosomes 1,2,4, And 7
... encode isozymes that accelerate the metabolism of ethanol
to acetaldehyde, creating the aversive "flushing reaction" that prevents many Asians from regular or heavy drinking. Evidence for an additional protective chromosome 4 locus in COGA's predominantly Caucasian sample, taken with that from an independen...
Drunken Fruit Flies Reveal Molecular Pathway Regulating Sensitivity To Alcohol
...e cAMP signaling pathway is central toestablishing ethanol
sensitivity in Drosophila." The finding does not suggest that the amnesiac mutation exists in humans, northat any one gene affects sensitivity to alcohol in higher animals. Thesignificance, said Heberlein "is that we have found a pathway that modula...
Yeast Rises To A New Occasion
...lled organism that turns agricultural wastes into ethanol
may be the key to providing car drivers with an i...ed with gasoline to create "gasohol." When burned, ethanol
produces far less air pollution and greenhouse gases than gasoline. Currently, ethanol
Alcohol Consumption, Resistance To Its Effects Related To Levels Of Neurotransmitter, Say UW Researchers
... Next water in one of the bottles was replacedwith ethanol
solutions in increasingly stronger concentrations ..., 6, 10 and20 percent. The animals were given each ethanol
solution for eight days andtheir alcohol consumption was monitored. The 3 percent alcohol solution i...
Two-for-one special: industrial enzymes and food
...de variety of applications, from foodprocessing to ethanol
production. "The process can be adapted to createadditional enzymes such as lipases and proteases used in pharmaceuticals,specialty chemical and industrial ...
Study confirms protein culprit in alcohol-induced liver disease
...the report states. "Moreover, the long-termenteral ethanol
feeding technique we described for the first time for knockoutmice provides a useful new tool for alcohol research." Says Thurman: "The next step will be to try out our knockout technology for[liver] fibrosis. We would use the same model, just go lon...
How alcohol use during pregnancy can lead to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
...." Researchers gave pregnant rats varied doses of ethanol
during gestation. They then studied the effects of this exposure on the spontaneous activity of dopamine neurons in the midbrain area of the offspring. In normal animal brains, said Shen, about 50 percent of the dopamine neurons are spontaneously a...
How alcohol gives, and then takes away
...between excitotoxicity, which likely occurs during ethanol
withdrawal, and NMDA receptors," said Richard A. Morrisett, Associate Professor of Pharmacology at The University of Texas at Austin. " But it is the first to show that BDNF can actually protect against this. The rescue or prevention of cell death ...
Better "bugs" lead to cheaper ethanol from biomass
...s that could further bring down the cost of making ethanol
from biomass and boost the U.S. biofuels industry....tered bacteria for use in converting rice straw to ethanol
at a planned Arkenol refinery in Sacramento, Calif. NREL and Arkenol researchers point out tha...
Study: Commercial disinfectants effective, natural products less so
...ested the hospital disinfectants TBQ, Vesphene and ethanol
and the household disinfectants Clorox, ethanol, Mr. Clean Ultra and Lysol Disinfectant Spray and Lysol Antibacterial Kitchen Cleaner," said Dr. William A. Rutala, professor of medicine. "The good news was that they were all very good, eliminating 99...
This is your adolescent brain on alcohol
...exposing their brains to the disruptive effects of ethanol
at the very time that their brains are at critical phases in development. "We chose to look at adolescents of 15, 16 years of age because that is a relatively circumscribed period of brain development," said Susan F. Tapert, project scientist and re...
Special four-day symposium on MTBE and drinking water
...MTBE, far less about ingesting it. Most studies of ethanol
have focused on its use and abuse as an intoxicant, not its use as a fuel additive. Information on other oxygenates is even spottier. (J. M. Davis, National Center for Environmental Assessment, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle ...
Biomarkers: testing for alcohol consumption among women
...f these markers and to compare continuous or daily ethanol
intake with discontinuous or binge ethanol
intake on their levels in serum."...
Alcohol and thiamine deficiency together: a dangerous combination?
...ities. "We were looking for an interaction between ethanol
and thiamine deficiency," explained Philip J. Langlais, professor of psychology at San Diego State University, professor of neurosciences at the University of California - San Diego, and lead author of the study. "We wanted to see if you took thiami...
Purdue joins Midwest effort to create biobased products
...at will be used to produce specialty chemicals and ethanol
from cellulose." Woodson says the National Research Council in a recent report listed biobased products and bioenergy as important areas for study. "We are doing the research that is seen as a priority for the United States," he says. "The institutio...
Can heavy alcohol use lead to some kinds of cancer?
... fold) of esophageal cancer. "At higher salivary ethanol
concentrations," he said, "even the individuals with normal ALDH can achieve carcinogenic acetaldehyde levels in the saliva." Salaspuro said his study's findings are important on several different levels. "We all produce potentially carcinogenic ace...
Alcohol and the human fetal brain
...nd in air) and combines it with two hydrogens from ethanol
to form hydrogen peroxide and acetaldehyde. Oxida... of research helps us understand the metabolism of ethanol
in the prenatal brain and the damage that it can do," said Hinds. "In turn, this knowledge might pr...
Free radicals in alcoholic liver disease
...ent adducts, derived in part from the oxidation of ethanol
itself, are found in bile from normal mice receivi...ver injury. This same group showed previously that ethanol
promotes the release of bacterial endotoxin from the intestine into the circulation, causing liver m...
Alcohol and bone fragility
...to bone fragility in mice exposed over 4 months to ethanol
in their drinking water. They also show that IL-6... for ethanol's effects on bone resorption. Since ethanol
can induce IL-6 expression in cultured marrow stromal cells, Dai and coworkers compared the differe...
1 2 3 4