Tag: "experimental" at biology news

Discovery in parasite movement may offer insights into malaria

...uses. In addition, the organism is used as a model experimental system for studying the closely related mosquito-borne malaria parasite Plasmodium. "The way these organisms move and the way their movement is controlled is absolutely critical to their ability to cause disease," said Dr. Con Beckers, associate prof...

Stuart Lipton honored with Jung Prize for Medicine

...gnition of discoveries that have a major impact on experimental medicine. Dr. Lipton shares this year's award with Prof. Dr. Tobias Bonheoffer of the Max-Planck-Institut fur Neurobiologie, Munich-Martinsried. The co-recipients each received 125,000 Euros from the Jung-Stiftung fur Wissenschaft und Forschung. ...

High Flux Isotope Reactor marks 400th cycle

...Science. New beam lines, which channel neutrons to experimental instruments, have been installed. A new experiment hall has been constructed, and a "cold source" is in preparation that literally chills the energetic neutrons, slowing them and making them more useful for studying polymers and biological materials....

Earth, sky tapped in unique global climate change study

...spent a year designing and building the elaborate, experimental system. Volder joined the team recently as the climate simulations and data collection began. The system includes eight giant shelters built to exclude rainfall but allow a free flow of air so as not to create greenhouse-like conditions. Under each ...

Chemical reaction in birds provides sense of direction during migratory flights

...authors of the paper, who developed the behavioral experimental setup used in the study for testing magnetic orientation in birds. During migratory unrest, the birds could move in their cages. Each cage was funnel-shaped, lined with coated paper and measured approximately 1.5 feet in diameter. When the birds move...

Landmark conference for United Nations on human cloning and stem cell research

...tic-cell nuclear transfer, in vitro-fertilization, experimental biology and regenerative medicine. The conference will be moderated by Gerald Fischbach. M.D. of Columbia University and include: Dr. Dalton Dietrich of the Miami Project to Cure Paralysis (USA) Dr. Lawrence Goldstein of UC San Diego (USA) Dr. ...

Busy sequencing technique saves money and time

...s. When you start with a prediction you'll get an experimental result pretty frequently. We believe it's a good ...wing experiments from the hypothesis. "Currently, experimental sequencing of both genomes and gene products is followed by computational analysis of the resulting ...

UCSD bioengineers develop first genome-scale computational model of gene regulation

...o progress now, given that we have high-throughput experimental tools for gathering large volumes of data, and the...en. When the predicted outcomes did not match the experimental outcomes, the experimental data was used to update the in silico model. Through this process, the ...

Chromosome losses mean poor survival in childhood leukemia

...dentify patients with severe ALL for additional or experimental therapies when such therapies become available. The study was published in the April issue of the journal Leukemia. "Overall, we found that many chromosome abnormalities in our group of patients made no difference at all, although particular abnorma...

ESA's minature Earth observer put to many uses

...hed as a technology demonstrator with all sorts of experimental equipment aboard, including CHRIS," explained Evert Attema, Head of the ESA Scientific Campaign Unit. "But once in orbit we found both Proba and CHRIS performed well above expectations, and so we put out an Announcement of Opportunity for scientists ...

Catastrophic shift in species diversity and productivity of an ecosystem

... hard, critical look at this reigning view. In the experimental system, top predators instrumentally control species diversity and productivity of the ecosystem. This control comes about by causing herbivores to feed on and suppress the abundance of a highly productive plant that otherwise would out-compete many ...

JGI decodes wood & toxic waste-degrading fungus genome

...porium genome database now established provides an experimental framework to more fully understand this fundamental process," says Dan Cullen, research scientist with the USDA Forest Products Lab in Madison, Wisconsin, and another author on the paper. "The oxidative enzyme systems of P. chrysosporium not only deg...

Setting the gene expression base-line for breast cancer research

...housands of genes in tumors, the interpretation of experimental results has been complicated by the absence of kno...nd may also be helpful in determining between real experimental observations and artefacts relating to in vitro cell culture. The results will also help to determin...

Scientists report how protons induce water cages

...collaborated with groups at Pitt and Georgia using experimental techniques developed in my lab and analyzed the results using Pitt's super computers." "Water is tricky because sometimes it is just a solvent. Like with coffee. All water does for me is hold the caffeine there, evenly distributed throughout the so...

New papillomavirus target could lead to specific antiviral drugs for precancerous cervical lesions

...ify each member in the complex. It was during this experimental foray that she spotted BRD4. Though little was known about it, a mouse homolog had been identified as a mitotic chromosome-associated protein. "It immediately jumped out at us that this could very well be the mitotic tether that we had been looking f...

Mexican farmers effectively cultivate phenotypic diversity in maize

...re or less geographically distant, in order to run experimental crops from these seeds. Each farmer thus judges the value of these seeds according to their characteristics. Selection criteria are still a highly individual choice and depend on a number of factors. For instance taste, colour, and cooking quality ch...

Biological oceanographers examine 'regime shifts' in complex marine ecosystems

..., scope and interrelatedness of marine ecosystems, experimental manipulation is infeasible. Ecological theory and mathematical models are therefore essential tools for developing this understanding. Regime shifts can occur, for example, when changes in ocean conditions, such as warming, affect plankton productio...

UCSD finds genetic time bomb in heart that leads to heart failure in some patients

...mbled the human disease and therefore was an ideal experimental animal model for studies of this form of congenital heart disease caused by the Nkx2-5 mutation." To determine what was causing the excessive overgrowth in the hearts of Nkx2-5-deficient humans and mice, the UCSD researchers began a se...

DFG establishes first German-Sino Research Training Group

...mation technology will be developed and applied on experimental particle and nuclear physics, whereby physicists will be brought together with information specialists to explore particle physics, working with the most progressive design, simulation and analysis tools. In "Medial Historiographies", one of the newl...

Researchers begin study to protect against anthrax

...cities around the nation are beginning tests of an experimental vaccine aimed at protecting people against anthrax, a rare disease that, like smallpox, has become more threatening with the emergence of bioterrorism. Doctors and nurses across the country hope to enroll a total of 480 people 40 people at each...

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