Tag: "famous" at biology news

Zebrafish could become genetics 'lab rat' of choice

...living in your kid's aquarium is quickly becoming famous in the scientific world as the best animal to use when studying genetics even better than the mouse. "Because zebrafish are relatively inexpensive and easy to maintain compared to genetically modified mice, this discovery could greatly accelerate n...

UC Berkeley chemists detail secrets of ionization, reasons behind water's central role in chemistry of life

... a pathway between one state and another is a very famous optimization problem, and our technique is part of the solution to that general class of problems," Chandler said. "This is a big generalization of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics."...

Hitchhiking molecules could have survived fiery comet collisions with Earth, UC Berkeley experiment shows

... such as methane, hydrogen, ammonia and water. The famous Miller-Urey experiment in 1953, conducted by Stanley Miller and Harold Urey of the University of Chicago, demonstrated that a lightening-like discharge in a test tube filled with these molecules could produce amino acids. Other scientists, however, ...

Chemistry of life in outer space is topic of two-day symposium, April 4-5

...e, not on Earth as previously thought. The famous Miller-Urey experiments of the 1950s assumed that early Earth was replete with water and atmospheric gases such as hydrogen, methane and ammonia, much as Jupiter is today. Scientists now suspect, however, that early Earth lacked these favorable condi...

First dinosaur found with its body covering intact; displays primitive feathers from head to toe

...as unearthed last spring by farmers digging in the famous fossil beds of northeastern Chinas Liaoning Province. It is described in the science journal Nature by a team led by Ji Qiang, of the Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, and Mark Norell, Chairman of the Division of Paleontology at the American M...

Neuroscientist studies brains of bizarre-looking mammals

...xtend his studies to the naked mole rat, an animal famous in animal behavior circles because it lives in insect-like colonies organized around single breeding females, or queens. He recently obtained a colony of naked mole rats. These creatures have a much different tactile system than do the star-nosed mol...

Cosmos Studios, MPH Entertainment and the A&E Network announce capture of major scientific discovery on film

... three Tyrannosaurus-rex-sized predators, the most famous of which, Spinosaurus, sported a five-foot tall sail down its back. Stromer's Egyptian discoveries were destroyed in an Allied bombing raid during World War II and no official dinosaur expedition had ever returned to this remote part of Egypt unti...

Scientists share multidisciplinary discoveries at 'Earth System Processes'

...bolic processes of interest to biotechnology. "The famous example of PCR (polymerase chain reaction), a genetic process whereby even tiny sequences of a genome can be cloned and amplified, was discovered in a Yellowstone hot spring," Farmer explained. "This discovery revolutionized molecular biology and spa...

Military foods could enhance soldiers' performance by 2025

...keep food fresh and transportable gave rise to the famous dictum, "An army travels on its stomach" and to the technology of the tin can. Today's modern army is just as concerned about feeding the troops as Napoleon was two centuries ago. But the U.S. soldiers of 2025 will be eating foods that are a combina...

Research team unlocks secrets of the firefly flash

...densely packed with mitochondria, "which are quite famous as the oxygen-consuming power plants of almost all cells," says June Aprille, a cell biologist at Tufts and also member of the research team. Remarkably, when NO is around, mitochondrial oxygen use stops cold. Scientists have known that flashes star...

BioMed Central is pleased to announce the publication of Sydney Brenners autobiography

Today one of the worlds most famous living biologists, Sydney Brenner, publishes his scientific autobiography with BioMed Central ( www.biomedcentral.com ). A giant of modern biology, Sydney has contributed enormously to the fields of molecular and developmental biology over the pas...

Right better than left in asthma medication for children

...ferent biological effects. Thalidomide is the most famous example; one isomer effectively treats morning sickness, while the other can cause horrible birth defects. Hundreds of medications contain both isomers, only one of which is truly therapeutic. The standard formulation of albuterol, known as racemic a...

Study shows deoxygenating ballast water can prevent invasive species and ship corrosion

...Biological Conservation. Non-native organisms are famous for causing environmental problems when, accidentally or intentionally, they are translocated outside their normal range into a new region. Biological invasions of non-native species are one of the most devastating threats to native communities, said...

Mating molds provide new insights into speciation and human reproduction

...sm for more than half a century. Neurospora became famous when George Beadle and Edward Tatum used it at Stanford in 1941 for the first experiments in biochemical genetics - an achievement that won them the Nobel Prize. "Fungus is very easy to manipulate," said Patrick K. T. Shiu, a postdoctoral fellow in t...

'Bat-n-man'

...ed awe, fear, and even the inspiration for a world famous comic book character. But for a team of physiologists, the pallid bat can provide new clues into the structure and function of the auditory cortex. Background This winged creature is unusual because it finds its prey by passively listening to pr...

UNC geologist, students to unveil 221 million-year-old top N.C. fossil

...c Period ever found, he said. Previously, the most famous North American rauisuchian, Postosuchus, was found near Lubbock, Texas. The degree of fusion in the back bones of the new species showed it to be relatively young when it died, possibly between 10 and 13 years. It appears to have had a history of bro...

X-ray analysis of shipwreck may help conservators save waterlogged artifacts

...ons to a problem that threatens the Vasa and other famous finds including the Skuldelev Viking ships, the Bremen Cog, the Mary Rose and the Batavia. Collaborators in Sweden and at Stanford have analyzed the chemistry of wood decay in the Vasa using a new technique - x-ray absorption spectroscopy. It employs...

Findings conclude sustained caffeine intake negates the benefits of creatine supplements

...erious athlete knows better than to rely just on a famous cereal to provide additional energy in preparation of a sporting event. Supplements have assumed an important role in today's training regimen. Some such as anabolic steroids -- have been deemed illegal by most sports authorities. Others such as ca...

New dinosaur related to Triceratops

...ting to science in many ways than its larger, more famous relatives because it teaches us more about evolution," says Peter Makovicky, PhD, assistant curator of dinosaurs at The Field Museum and co-author of the research. "Basal [primitive] dinosaurs are critical because they help us to tie different groups...

Scientists enhance fruit fly memory using mouse protein: New clue to fundamental brain mechanism

...based on this type of "associative" learning (made famous by Pavlov's Dogs) are initially robust, but fade away completely over one to seven days (the lifespan of a fruit fly is 30-40 days). However, when Yin and his colleagues used a genetic trick to boost the level of PKM in the flies, a substantial propo...

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