Tag: "farms" at biology news

Gene Discovery Could Overcome Aluminum Barrier To Higher Wheat Yields Worldwide

...can triple the yield of this root crop on tropical farms because it is more efficient than other varieties in using soil nutrients. Scientists say the findings could help boost taro production throughout tropical parts of the world. [Contact: Ricardo Goenaga, <a href="http://www.ars-grin.gov/ars/SoA...

Virologists Track New Influenza Threat

...Kawaoka said the team will test birds from chicken farms and on the market in Hong Kong. As a precaution, the scientists will take an antiviral drug called rimantadine, which blocks infection from the virus. Kawaoka said identifyin...

Mapping The Way To A Bigger Prawn

...y indicators from this research suggest that prawn farms using genetic improvement programs could expect increased annual growth rates of around ten percent. The map, which is a world-first for any crustacean species, will also be used to help identify genes for other important traits such as those which...

'Suicide Response' Gives Colorado State Researchers Important Clues On Preventing Bacterial Invasion In Crops Worldwide

...llars in prevention and treatment costs onAmerican farms each year. A single plant with symptoms of ring rot infection ina field of potatoes can cost a farmer as much as $80,000 in lost revenue.Because ring rot spreads so quickly and potato plants have zero tolerance forthe disease, potatoes grown in the U...

DT104 Advice:How To Slow Salmonella Spread

...McDonough said. "But we are increasing numbers of farms with salmonellosisincluding DT104. -30- BACKGROUND: Salmonella Typhimurium DT 104 Source: College of Veterinary Medicine Diagnostic Laboratory, CornellUniversity -- DT104 nomenclature: This bacterium is a member of the Enterobacteriacea fam...

Smithsonian Institution Convenes Experts To Discuss Cocoa's Future

... and the variety of life around small family cocoa farms for a"Sustainable Cocoa Workshop." The meeting, w...at Smithsonian. "The success of traditional cocoa farms may be critical for maintaining biological diversity and providing sustainable incomes for small fam...

Composting Livestock Waste Provides Benefits

...paper, damaged crops, even animal carcasses. Dairy farms scrape the stalls daily and spread the manure on f...til the time is right to apply it." Many livestock farms use lagoons to handle manure, but these have a strong odor and can become clogged with the manure so...

Yeast Rises To A New Occasion

...ion of fuel ethanol from field wastes generated on farms or from wastes that result as crops are processed for sale." Ho says the next step is to further improve the yeast. "We anticipate that our final engineered yeast strain may require only half the time to co-ferment the same amount of gluco...

Salmonella Vaccine Now Available For Poultry

...recently completed trials on US commercial broiler farms which included morethan a million pounds of chicken, Megan™Vac 1 eliminated Salmonella on dressedchicken. Ten percent of the non-vaccinated chickens in these trials werecontaminated. The US broiler chicken industry has improved their processed...

Genes Boost Rice Yields On Poorest Farms

...urdyupland varieties of rice thrive on subsisdence farms in acidic soils and even inareas prone to disease. She said that these traits could be valuable elsewhere,particularly in Asian countries, where boosting rice production is critical tokeeping up with the needs of burgeoning populations....

Alien Species Cost U.S. $123 Billion A Year

...the Asiatic, Norway or brown rat). Rats on poultry farms and other farms number about 1 billion and each destroysgrain and other goods worth $15 a year, Pimentel says. In ...

Researchers Identify Key Gene That Controls Emergence Of Salmonella

...gen. U. of I. scientists also have been looking on farms for reservoirs ofsalmonella. Their results suggest that theprevalance of salmonella in swine herds is high, and that the pig is animportant reservoir. "It does look like themost likely reservoir is the pig itself," Isaacson said. "It may be that theo...

Emu Meat Not A Popular Choice Among Consumers, Study Shows

... to $6 a pound, Holben said. Emu is available from farms in regions whereit is raised and also can be purchased on the Internet. For future studies on consumers' opinion of emu, Holben suggestsresearchers try recipes that call for a different preparation of the bird and avariety of seasonings. Test...

Research Reveals Environmental Injustice In N.C. Communities With Large Hog Farms

...ies. They analyzed the remaining 2,514 hog farms in conjunction with data on4,177 census block grou... comparedthose numbers to the actual number of hog farms in the groups. In the poorest block groups, where 811 operations were located, only 620were ...

Glowing Bacteria: DuPont And UD Scientists Detect Poultry Toxin And Other Environmental Contaminants

...ple, hand-held device for spotting contaminants on farms or in otherreal-world settings. "A light detector could be used to measure thebioluminescent response of these genetically engineered bacteria to variouschemicals," she explains. To make the glowing biosensors, Van Dyk and Morgan combined genetic mat...

Economic model to aid alligator farmers

University Park, Pa. -- Owners of alligator farms and ranches may soon have anew tool to aid in making critical economic decisions and to optimize alligatorfarm profitability and sustainability, according to Penn State economists. "Little formal work has been done on the economics of the all...

Agronomists offer alternative approaches to gulf pollution

...o prevent nitrates from fertilizer fromleaking off farms and into nearby streams, say two Purdue University...sn't fair." More than half of the row crop farms in the Midwest use tile drainagesystems to remove water so that the farmers can get into the fields ...

European and U.S. attitude differences towards GM foods explained in the 16 July 1999 issue of Science

...ike. In contrast, most Americans do not considered farms to be typicalvacation spots. The researchers have also found that the European public seems to be approachingthe food biotechnology debate from a different angle than experts usuallyapproach issues involving new technologies. That is, popular argumen...

Congress briefs: International congress on ecosystem health

...iscuss how to establish hedgerows of vegetation on farms to serve as habitatsfor insects. They will report results from a 1996 study of four types of theseinsectary hedgerows planted on a large-scale rotational field-crop farm in YoloCounty. The study resulted in the first model guidelines for installing...

Invasion of alien parasite halted; California coast cleared of African worm in abalone

...he worms quickly spread among the 18 or so abalone farms inCalifornia. Early on, Kuris and his assistant, graduate researcher CarrieCulver, were not so upbeat about the invasion. Funded by the University ofCalifornia Sea Grant Program, they set out to study the problem and discoveredwhich types of marine a...

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