Tag: "first" at biology news
'BirdSource' Website For Citizen-Science Data
...ithology say: Nest your birds on the Web. For the first
time, citizen scientists and professionals alike have a fully interactive place to go -- BirdSource -- to share data on which birds are where and what they are doing there. The World Wide Web site opened for business today (Feb. 14) with demonstrati...
Vietnamese Chemist Finds New Use For Old Cashew Shells
...s produces a sticky resin known as cardanol.In her first
set of experiments, Vu purified samples of cardanolshe brought to UC from Vietnam and blended them with latex to seeif the rubber would be more durable. The idea worked. With assistance from the College of PolymerEngineering at the University of Akr...
A Phoenix From A Ring Of Fire Is A Pattern For The Recovery Of Mount St. Helens
...en's, there was also a profusion of spiders in the first
few weeks after the eruption. Indeed, says Edward...cher's hypothesis is that the ash thrown up in the first
days of an eruption is sharp and highly abrasive pumice -- basically powdered glass. But in the la...
Ten Years of Progress For Superfund Basic Research Program
...rogram. The University ofCincinnati was one of the first
universities selected to takepart in the program and has received more than $10 million infunding over the last eight years. "We've pooled all this expertise," said Professor John Loper,who oversees the entire UC project. "It's only the only national...
Molecular Imposter Rebuts Long
Ever since Watson and Crick first
cracked the structure of DNAin 1953, biochemists have speculated that hydrogenbonding between DNA's four bases plays a key role in the amazingaccuracy of this genetic blueprint. But new researchwith a molecular imposter is calling some of these long-...
Team Identifies Switch For Tumor Suppressor Gene
...lowing down or stopping cell growth. The work is a first
steptoward better control over a gene that plays a role in many casesof human cancer. The research by a team from the University of RochesterCancer Center is on the retinoblastoma (RB) gene, one of thefirst known in a class of genes known as tum...
High Levels of Vitamin C Prove Toxic to HIV
...In addition, Dr. Golde and his colleagues were the first
to prove, in 1993, that the same molecule that allows glucose into cells also serves as a route for vitamin C to enter. Although vitamin C is used by cells in one chemical form (ascorbic acid), it enters cells in another form (dehydroascorbic acid). ...
Duke University Students Devise Devices For The Disabled
... told us what the needs were," said Maciolek. "The first
thingwe did was brainstorm without knowing what Da...ow student Frank Fernandez, of Miami, Fla. In the first
mode, braille-labelled keys help children identify lettersof the alphabet by their feel as the "talk...
Fund Aims To Repay Developing Nations For Valuable Genes
...te nations for valuablegenetic material. It is the first
known attempt by a major research universityto for...o West Africa, Ronald isolated the "Xa21"gene, the first
cloned gene known to convey disease-resistance to rice.The University of California proceeded to pat...
Malnutrition Impacts Longevity Of Females More Than Males And Shows Gender Differences In Fruit Flies
... of theNational Academy of Sciences. "This is the first
known study to demonstrate that the age trajectory,or path of mortality, during a specific period of life can be changed bymanipulating environmental conditions, in this case through diet,"said Carey, an authority on insect demography, who for severa...
New Study Shows Steps Leading To Colon Cancer
...d, studies show, the mechanism turns healthy cells first
into abnormal ones and then often into tumors. "...ether with that of our colleagues, reveals for the first
time the precise role of a key regulatory protein found in both insects and ourselves," said Dr. Mar...
Pets Provide Physiological Benefits For Women Living Alone
... participants completed a questionnaire during the first
week about social support, pet attitudes and their sense of control over their health. Participants' blood pressure and heart rate were taken at home four times during the six months. A computerized monitor recorded cardiovascular measurements eve...
Erodible plastic microspheres could be effective oral drug delivery system
... orally to the rats, the scientists founddicumarol first
appeared in the bloodstream within two hours and persisted forthree days. For insulin, blood sugar levels were reduced within two hours. Theplasmid DNA was incorporated into cells of the liver and small intestine andproduced an active protein within ...
Overweight Cats Risk Disease And Premature Death, Cornell Study Finds
...for Pet Nutrition in the United Kingdom funded the first
study, which found that about 25 percent of cats b...erinarians' medical records for the animals in the first
survey. Among the findings: Overweight cats, including those considered "heavy" and "obese," are...
Herpes-Based Gene Therapy Is Key To Promising Liver Tumor Vaccine
... research is widespread, this vaccine is oneof the first
to be created using gene therapy and to target liv...cancer-free. High cytokine levels peak on the first
day, Dr. Federoffsays, and remain high for a couple of days before falling off andeventually returni...
Herpes-Based Gene Therapy Is Key To Promising Liver Tumor Vaccine
...research is widespread, this vaccine is one of the first
to be created using gene therapy and to target li...main cancer-free. High cytokine levels peak on the first
day, Dr. Federoff says, and remain high for a couple of days before falling off and eventually retur...
Virus May Be Linked To Obesity -- Early Findings Hint At Relationship
... before,the researchers noted. Dhurandhar first
found that one type of adenovirus that infectsbirds and is found only in his native India could induce obesity when itwas injected into chickens. Human adenoviruses form a large family of some 50 viruses.Transmitted through the air, they can...
University Of Washington Discovery May Point The Way To New Treatment For Hepatitis C Cases That Do Not Respond To Interferon Therapy
...esist the effects of interferon, one of the body's first
lines of defense against viruses," said Dr. Michae..., UW microbiology fellow who is lead scientist and first
author of the study. The drug interferon is an artificial version of naturally-occurring interferon,...
NIH Team Discovers Endocrine Tumor Gene
...HPT), with high blood calcium, which is one of the first
signs of MEN1. HPT can cause weakened bones, pain, fatigue, and kidney stones; when associated with MEN1, HPT is more difficult to cure because all the parathyroid glands are affected by multiple tumors. Another consequence of MEN1 may be too much ...
Project Shows Native Bacteria Can Destroy Widespread Pollutant In Groundwater
... Base in Southern California -- have completed the first
full-scale test to determine if TCE can be removed from groundwater using a method called in situ bioremediation, which uses naturally occurring microorganisms to break down toxic chemicals. "The test has shown that this method can successfully re...
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