Tag: "frontier" at biology news

Study reveals first genetic step necessary for prostate cancer growth

...chinson in January. "These models represent a new frontier in cancer research because they give us a better insight into what specific genes really do in a live mammal," he said. "The mice give us a highly reproducible glimpse at the earliest forms of cancer those rarely seen in the clinic and therefore ca...

UCSD bioengineers develop first genome-scale computational model of gene regulation

...scribed, basically opening up a whole new research frontier in terms of characterizing regulatory networks in E. coli." Another observation by the team was that E. coli's regulatory network is much more complex than might be expected for such a relatively simple single-cell microbe. And that, Covert says, m...

Researchers substitute whole chromosomes to speed the search for genes in common diseases

...edly have a major impact in understanding the next frontier of human diseasesthe complex traits, such as obesity, metabolic syndrome, or coronary heart disease. With whole chromosome substitution, Dr. Nadeau and colleagues have set a new standard for the use of models to fully dissect human traits and disease...

Obesity drug inhibits prostate tumor growth

...led "activity-based" proteomics screening is a new frontier in medical research, based on applying information gleaned from the human genome project. The ability to compile a comprehensive profile of a potential drug's activities, revealing unintended activities along with the intended behaviors targeted by ...

Teens and young adults the new frontier in cancer says US cancer specialist

..., UK: Adolescent and young adult cancer is the new frontier in oncology, according to leading US cancer specialist Professor Archie Bleyer. He told a news briefing today (Monday 1 March) at the Teenage Cancer Trust's Third International Conference on Adolescent Oncology, that survival among younger and older ...

UN report: Accelerate global agreement to oversee exploitation of South Pole 'extremophiles'

...s report suggests that efforts to exploit this new frontier are now threatening to outpace the capacity of national and international law to regulate such things as ownership of genetic materials, the issuing of patents on products that may arise from them, and the potential environmental consequences of harv...

Rice centromere, supposedly quiet genetic domain, surprises

MADISON - Probing the last genomic frontier of higher organisms, an international team of scientists has succeeded in sequencing a little understood - but critical - genetic domain in rice. In doing so, the group, led by Jiming Jiang, a professor of horticulture at the University of Wisconsin...

Latest knowledge on plant cell-wall biology in new book

...nding off pathogens. "Cell walls represent a major frontier in plant biotechnology, reflected in their importance in a broad range of plant-derived products, contributing to the food, fiber and material science industries," he said. "In addition to their critical importance for plants, they influence so many ...

HIV protein attacks body's innate protection system that could prevent virus' replication

.... "It's definitely been recognized as an important frontier in the fight against AIDS," he said....

NIH announces strategy to accelerate medical research progress

...l completion of the Human Genome Project, our next frontier is to understand all of the myriad elements of cells and organs that are encoded by DNA. Even more importantly, we need to determine how this enormously complex machinery functions in health and disease. The NIH Roadmap process has really helped all ...

Long-term natural gas supplies should meet growing demand in coming decades, study finds

...titively priced supplies from Canadian and Alaskan frontier areas and liquefied natural gas imports will reduce natural gas prices and also increase consumption. Lower drilling productivity or lower world oil prices will decrease consumption. Technological advancements in coal, nuclear and other energy secto...

UCLA receives NSF award for plasma research

...ar at 40 miles above the Earth's surface. At UCLA, frontier plasma research is being conducted in such areas as: Fusion energy, which has the potential to provide a safe, unlimited renewable energy source. New particle accelerator technology, to reduce the current kilometer size of atom smashers to meter l...

UCF brain cell research spawns hope for longer life

...Neuroscience. Nanotechnology is considered the new frontier of science, and it could revolutionize modern medicine in the future. The potential for creating new materials at a size capable of being absorbed by human cells calls for a new type of scientist -- one who can collaborate across seemingly unrelated ...

Protein profile predicts prognosis for lung cancer

...uction of the genes is widely considered the next frontier in biomedical research. Vanderbilt has one of the strongest programs in the world in proteomics research, with the sophisticated equipment, informatics power and statistical expertise required to comprehensively analyze the activity of thousands of p...

Long-term study of humans and deforestation in Amazon Basin gets new support

...ildren and grandchildren of the previously studied frontier settlers. In addition, Moran was selected in May to serve on a National Institutes of Health advisory committee whose members -- experts in the social sciences, nursing and epidemiology -- evaluate NIH grants. His four-year term will begin July 1....

World's leading scientists issue unprecedented plan for protecting ocean and marine life

...ued by Pew. "The world's ocean is the last living frontier on Earth. Its diversity and productivity exceed that of any on land, but has barely been explored," said Graeme Kelleher, DOE conference chair. "We have an opportunity and obligation now to protect the ocean for the future welfare of humans, other an...

Nature cover story - Only 10% of all large fish are left in global ocean

...ing has scoured the global ocean. There is no blue frontier left," says lead author Ransom Myers, a world-leading fisheries biologist based at Dalhousie University in Canada. "Since 1950, with the onset of industrialized fisheries, we have rapidly reduced the resource base to less than 10% not just in some ...

Michigan researcher helps resolve the conflict between exotic birds and eco-tourists

...n the center of South America, has become the next frontier for leading-edge eco-tourists in search of ever more exotic flora and fauna. "It's where people go after they've been to Africa," says Shannon Bouton, a Ph.D. student in the School of Natural Resources and Environment (SNRE) at the University of Mich...

The Fragile X syndrome protein as RNA distribution hub

...e," said Eberwine. "It is also part of the growing frontier of molecular biology somewhere between genomics and proteomics is the interplay of RNA with RNA-binding proteins." Researchers also involved in these findings include: lead author Kevin Miyashiro of Penn's Department of Pharmacology; Andrea Beckel...

UC Riverside receives $1.25 million from W. M. Keck Foundation

...erdisciplinary infrastructure that is required for frontier research in the field of plant cell biology and for training students and scientists who are most capable of postgenomic biological research and education. Proteomics addresses qualitative and quantitative changes in the entire protein complement in...

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(Date:4/22/2014)... (SALT LAKE CITY)A computational tool developed at the University ... with unknown gene mutations in three separate cases, U ... new study in The American Journal of Human ... Re-ranking tool), identifies undiagnosed illnesses and unknown gene mutations ... proteins that code for genes are made, in individual ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... available in German . ... the University of Vienna and the Medical University of Vienna, ... how double stranded RNA, such as viral genetic information, is ... immune response against viral infection, the protein ADAR1 moves from ... viral RNA to inhibit reproduction of the virus. But how ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... be influenced by low exposure to testosterone in the ... how men,s testosterone levels may be determined before they ... of the hormone than others is important because testosterone ... the hormone have been linked to obesity, diabetes and ... responsible for producing testosterone in adults known as ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... most of us have gotten stuck in a check-out ... Will Mather, assistant professor of physics and an instructor ... lines, or queues, has been crucial in trying to ... recycling of proteins. , The work, submitted during Mather,s ... from the National Science Foundation in the form of ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... of Calgary,s Hotchkiss Brain Institute (HBI) uncovers a mechanism ... means to restore connections after injury. Dr. Doug Zochodne ... directly regulates nerve cell growth in the damaged nervous ... Nature Communications , with lead authors Drs. Kim ... surprising discovery that a protein called Retinoblastoma (Rb) is ...
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