Tag: "genome" at biology news
Cloned pig debuts in Science, sets the stage for organ transplants
...urrogate, and the donor cell line. Xena shares the genome
of the donor cell line, and not the genome
of her surrogate mother. The next step in pig cloning-one that researchers hope will make xeno...
We are family: the imperative for a chimpanzee genome project
...ject. As an added incentive, sequencing the chimp genome
should provide us with intriguing glimpses into the nature of "human-ness," that is, what propelled our evolution from our ape-like ancestors. Finally, a chimp project may help us provide better treatment for the thousands of captive apes and their ...
Winners of the DFG Bioinformatics Initiative
...isms, plants, animals and even human beings (human genome
projects), to relate them to each other and to mak...utes at the Biotechnology Centre, an institute for genome
research and an institute for bioinformatics, which are to accommodate a total of ten research teams...
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center to lead international team to accelerate investigation of immune-related genes
...ansen. "This project will apply recent advances in genome
technology to important questions about specific diseases and help explain how the rich genetic differences in HLA between individuals can either strengthen the immune response or open the door to autoimmune disease and infection." The HLA gene compl...
Research paves the way for faster, better, cheaper DNA detection method
...eing made in genetic sequencing. Understanding the genome
will provide vital information for the development of diagnostic and therapeutic technologies related to it, including the Northwestern team's DNA detection method. Currently, companies in the business of gene chip technology use PCR coupled with f...
Cattle, human genomes contain many identical genes
... first time, we can move from a point on the human genome
to the equivalent point on the cattle genome. Tha...netics, a major supplier of tools and reagents for genome
research and subsidiary of Invitrogen Corp. The research -- funded by the USDA National Research Ini...
Paul Ehrlich challenges evolutionary psychology and the 'selfish gene' in his latest book, 'Human Natures'
...logical perspective, Ehrlich points out, the human genome
does not have remotely enough genes to program the connections in our brain that control behavior. "There are on the order of one billion connections for every gene," he argues. "Our 'gene shortage' is one reason human infants and young children are ...
Symposium on genetics in public health
ANN ARBOR---The completion of the human genome
sequence was marveled by scientists and journalist...es in: 1) conducting population research on human genome
epidemiology, 2) developing a national genetic testing assessment program, 3) and conducting policy ...
Researchers discover new oceanic bacterial photopigment that converts light into biochemical energy
...Monterey Bay. The MBARI researchers isolated large genome
fragments and, with colleagues at Molecular Dynami...their hypothetical function. The oceanic microbial genome
sequence revealed a new rhodopsin-like pigment never before found in any bacterial species. (Rhodops...
Massive new research effort will map inner workings of cells - San Francisco VA Medical Center chosen to host core laboratory
...the whole picture," he said. "It's like the human genome
project of cell signaling," he said. Last week, the National Institute for General Medical Sciences (NIGMS) announced their decision to fund the project, and anticipates spending $25 million dollars over five years for the Alliance. An equal sum w...
New report looks at genome boom in microbiology
...nology. As of July 2000, scientists have published genome
sequences of 29 microorganisms, with more than 100 others in progress. Methods for sequencing are getting faster and more efficient, but the information generated may not be put to the best possible use at the current time. Decisions about quality ...
NSF boosts research for understanding structure and function of complex plant genomes
... new and exciting dimensions to the field of plant genome
research," says Mary Clutter, NSF assistant direct...mics research designed to understand, at the whole genome
scale, the functions of plant genes involved in such fundamental processes as chloroplast biogenesis...
NIGMS Structural Genomics Awards scale up protein structure studies
...d disease." Structural genomics, which builds on genome
sequencing efforts, can teach us fundamental lesso...closely related. The former contains the smallest genome
of any free-living organism and infects the human genital and respiratory tracts. The latter causes...
Argonne leads new Midwest Center for Structural Genomics
...very single human protein. "Being able to read a genome
is a crucial first step, but knowing the structure...sts first clone proteins by snipping pieces of the genome
and add them to bacteria to make copies. Then they coax these proteins to grow single crystals. Rese...
Whitehead Institute receives National Science Foundation grant to sequence Neurospora
... National Science Foundation (NSF) to sequence the genome
of the common laboratory fungus Neurospora crassa ...elighted to support the complete sequencing of the genome
of Neurospora crassa," says Rita Colwell, director of NSF. "This will be the first complete sequence...
Five New York City research institutions collaborate to study 3-D structures of proteins
...gets In the wake of the completion of the human genome
sequencing project, five New York research institu... medically relevant data more quickly." The human genome
sequencing project was often portrayed as an end in itself, but most scientists recognize that its c...
Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lab receives $6 million grant to decipher protein structures
Now that a map of the human genome
is nearly complete, scientists face a new challenge - understanding the form and function of the proteins our genes produce. As part of a nationwide research effort, the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (SSRL) has been awarded a five-year gr...
Major new initiative to resolve structure of protein families
...neumoniae. The former contains the smallest known genome
of any free-living organism and infects the human genital and respiratory tracts. The latter causes a form of pneumonia. To identify the structures of the full complement of proteins that make up these two "minimal organisms," Kim and his colleague...
What are 'life-style' genes?
...Nature, Ruepp and colleagues describe the complete genome
sequence of Thermoplasma. Therefore, a new sequenc... was established enabling scientists to decode the genome
of organisms without extensive infrastructure and manpower. The genes of Thermoplasma were analysed ...
Prions may play crucial role in evolution.
...lows yeast to acquire many silent changes in their genome
and suddenly reveal them," said Susan Lindquist, Ph.D., professor of molecular genetics and cell biology at the University of Chicago, Howard Hughes Investigator and principal author of the study. There are thousands of proteins in every cell and ...
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