Tag: "genome" at biology news
University At Buffalo Team Discovers How The Cell Nucleus Orchestrates Genetic Processes
...ative, the researchers said, with work on thehuman genome
so close to completion. "There are so many great ...inct clusters. The results suggest that the whole genome
is divided into subregions in thenuclear architecture and that different regions are activated in a ...
Upcoming 'Century Of Biology' Given Head Start By NSF Plant Genome Research Program Grants
..."These awards from the first year of the NSF plant genome
researchprogram represent a wide spectrum of activ...enhancing the content and effectiveness of a maize genome
database. Researchers will look at gene selection in maize, and link new information tothis database...
Researchers Identify And Isolate First Gene For A Form Of Insulin-Dependent Diabetes
...," he explained."We are really benefiting from the genome
science that is ongoing today. Genomescientists created the markers that allowed us to isolate this gene, and thesame is true for most genes that are being discovered today." Inoue, H., et. al. A Gene Encoding a Transmembrane Protein Is Mutated inPat...
New "Gene Map" Doubles Number Of Genes
...of common illnesses. It will also complement human genome
sequencing by highlighting 'gene-rich' regions of ...Health, together with the Sanger Centre, a British genome
center funded by the Wellcome Trust. According to Donald A.B. Lindberg, M.D., director of the NLM, t...
Major Plant Genome Research Project Grants Renewed
...ntists will soon have access to the first complete genome
sequenceof a flowering plant. The National Scienc...ultimate goal is tosequence the entire Arabidopsis genome
and to determine the structure andfunction of every gene in this model plant. The combined three-ye...
University Of Chicago Researcher Receives Packard Fellowship
...n organism's totalgenome and the percentage of the genome
made up of introns. "Organisms withlarger genomes have more of their genetic material devoted to introns," he says. "Smaller organisms like bacteria need to replicate quickly so that they canrespond to environmental stresses. Larger organisms rely ...
Sequencing Milestone Reached By DOE Joint Genome Institute
...lion base pairs("letters") that comprise the human genome
within the next five years -- anachievement that promises untold opportunities to improve health and advances indisease treatment and cure. In addition to celebrating the technological successes of the JGI, DOE andlaboratory officials will be availab...
Scientists Sequence Chlamydia Trachomatis Genome
... the sequencing effort at Stanford. The sequenced genome
has alreadybeen entered into a new on-line databas...s Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., director of NIAID. "The genome
sequence hasrevealed surface proteins about which we knew nothing, and the organism's uniquebiochemi...
DOE Joint Human Genome Effort Exceeds Sequencing Goal
...e," Krebs said. "By combining forces of our three genome
centers, DOE hasclearly established a solid positi...2000," he said. Thus far, the international human genome
sequencing effort hascracked only about 7 percent of the genome's three billion letters, or 195milli...
AAAS Annual Meeting And Science Innovation Exposition
... change, Lyme disease, cell to cell communication, genome
engineering, microorganisms in biogeochemical cycling, new antibiotic development, microbial pathogenesis and pathogen discovery, and national policy. For the complete online program, click here . Newsroom Registration To register in the newsroom,...
Cell Suicide Prevented By Survival Signals
... few years ago when theycanvassed the Drosophila genome
in search of genes that executeprogrammed cell death, otherwise known as apoptosis. They found threeclosely linked genes that are required for programmed cell death during Drosophila development. Any of these genes could trigger cell deathby itself ...
Hopkins Researchers Find Genetic Colon Cancer Change In Healthy Cells
...ers. The most striking case of large-scale genome
imprinting involves crossesbetween horses and donkeys. Cross a female horse and a male donkey and you geta mule. Cross a male horse and a female donkey and you get a hinny, altogethera different creature. Clearly, the same genes act out different ...
Mouse Study Trumpets New Way To Preserve Species
...en to be extremely difficult. "Preserving the genome
from the female side is a difficult process, and has shown limited success, even in well-studied species and humans," says Critser, who is the scientific director of the Cryobiology Research Institute in Indianapolis. "Oocytes and embryos are very di...
University Of Chicago Professor Wins $50,000 Bristol-Myers Squibb Award For Distinguished Achievement In Infectious Disease Research
...fectious Disease Research. Dr. Roizman mapped the genome
ofHSV, described how the virus infects host cells ...nisms and thus learn the gene's function. But the genome
of HSV was too bigfor manipulation in the laboratory, so Dr. Roizman's group induced the virusitself...
Genetic Code Of Chromosome Of Malaria Parasite Deciphered
...onstrates the feasibility of sequencing the entire genome
ofPlasmodium falciparum," adds Michael Gottlieb, P... incorporate into vaccines. Besides sequencing the genome
of P. falciparum, NIAID-supported scientists arealso obtaining DNA sequence information from the gen...
Ribozyme Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Demonstrates Potent Activity Of A Ribozyme Targeted Against The Hepatitis C Virus
...ted against the highly conserved regions of theHCV genome
and thus have the potential to act directly by cleavage of the HCVRNA, and indirectly by selection for viral strains that cannot replicate. Thisrepresents a completely novel and potentially effective strategy to treat themillions of Americans afflict...
Wake Forest Physicians Demonstrate How Gene-Diet Interaction Affects Cholesterol Absorption
...t the first wave of applying knowledge ofthe human genome
to the study of how diet can prevent chronic diseases,"Weinberg said The study was conducted in the General Clinical Research Center underone of the initial nutrition initiative grants of the Center for Research onHuman Nutrition and Chronic ...
When One Gene Has Two Roles, Its Second Function May Be Missed
...ation of why we need to map and sequencethe entire genome
if we hope to understand how these elements work." Derangements of GATA-2 expression could underlie any of a wide range of humanconditions. The researchers note that developmental abnormalities of thegenitourinary system are estimated to affect 10 pe...
Plants get the message, too
...the glutamate receptor genes outof the Arabidopsis genome
by searching for gene sequences in the plant similarto the human glutamate receptor sequence, which was already known in partthrough efforts of the Human Genome Project. Her team then showed that the plant receptors work similarly in Arabidopsiscells...
Duke Study Finds More Genes May Be Affected By Toxic Cadmium
...ng universalgenetic traits. The C. elegans genome
-- the DNA sequences that make up its gene-bearing...able DNA data, and its sharedtraits with the human genome
made it an ideal test animal to hunt for additionalcadmium-responsive genes. "C. elegans and humans ...
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