Tag: "genome" at biology news
The Foundation for Genetic Education and Counseling
...l programs related to human genetics and the human genome
project. According to McInerney, "the foundation r... systematic and comprehensive analysis ofthe human genome
to identify and patent genes and regulatory regions related toselected common diseases and drug resp...
Germany needs a national genome initiative
DFG releases statement on perspectives of genome
research The presidency of the Deutsche Forschun...ted effort of science and state in the interest of genome
research inGermany. The publication demonstrates the inherent scientific and economicalpotential of ...
Evolutionary genetic tools trace cancer clone lines
...erations in specific non-coding parts of the human genome
known asmicrosatellites. The genetic sequences analyzed normally change very slowly, and cells from mostkinds of cancer wouldn't be expected to accumulate many changes in the lifetimeof their human hosts. But such changes do occur and accumulate in s...
Malaria called failure, puzzle and challenge
... in U.S. volunteers and on anotherfront, the whole genome
"a complete set of hereditary factors" of the malariaparasite is being sequenced A vaccine against malaria would not only benefit vulnerable populations livingin malaria-endemic regions but also tourists and military forces in affectedareas. Vaccin...
First complete physical map of a higher plant genome
...ed complete clone-based physical map of a plant genome
is published. The work was conducted in the gro.... Louis, USA. The map covers the entire nuclear genome
of the higher plant Arabidopsis thaliana . Furthermore, this map is the first ever assembled (fo...
Hepatitis C's interferon resistance mechanism discovered
...erferon. This will not be an easy task since HCV's genome
is highlyheterogeneous, or varied. To make matters worse, the E2 gene of HCV isprobably the most heterogeneous gene of all. "The consequence of the geneticdiversity of HCV is a virus that has the ability to escape the immunesurveillance of its host...
APS launches new online journal to focus on link between genes and function
...a 'one-stop shop' while serving asa bridge linking genome
sequencing and mapping to integrative physiology andclinical medicine," Dzau said in his editorial. "We now can study biological processes from the initial actions of geneswithin the nucleus through cellular processes to the functions of tis...
DFG releases statement on possibilities and limitations of genetic diagnosis
Research into the human genome
and novel diagnostic procedures for the firsttime ...n Genetic Research looked into thisaspect of human genome
research and now addresses the public with the statement "HumanGenome Research and Predictive Geneti...
European and U.S. attitude differences towards GM foods explained in the 16 July 1999 issue of Science
...rticlereviews how the recent completion of several genome
sequences has offeredscientists insights they can apply to understanding the genetic mechanisms thatcontrol plant growth and development. And a fourth discusses the need forsustainable biotechnology that benefits developing countries. Finally, the is...
Gene mutations not always expressed as complete disease
...type argument raisesanother question:"As the human genome
project nears completion in 2003, what other geneticdisorders will follow a similar paradigm?"...
UW-Madison team develops technique to create flu viruses
...mplexity of the virus, Kawaoka says. The influenza genome
has eight different segments of RNA, compared to only one in viruses such as rabies. To accomplish the feat, the researchers used a basic ingredient in biotechnology called plasmids, which are independent segments of DNA capable of replicating on the...
Single switch triggers two immune system genes
...scientists believe that they wereinserted into the genome
together, as a 'transposable element,'" he said. What'smore, said Nussenzweig, the finding may explain why, over the 450 million yearssince the genes first appeared, evolution has required them to remain closelyspaced in the genome. "The big questio...
Social behavior transformed with one new gene
...eptor gene with its long promoter sequence intothe genome
of mice, which are naturally much less social than prairie voles. Inthe resulting transgenic mice, the vasopressin receptor was expressed in apattern that resembled what they had found in the prairie vole brain. Moreover,these transgenic mice when ...
Mayo Clinic researchers: family history identified as new risk factor for heartburn
... Locke says."However, more research into the human genome
is needed to determine if indeedthere is a gene that passes gastroesophageal reflux disease from one generationto the next." Dr. Locke and colleagues further note that obesity, smoking and alcohol use arewell recognized risk factors for reflu...
Study details genetic basis of aging -- and how it might be delayed
...he study that surveyed 5 to 10 percent of themouse genome
using a "gene chip" -- a small glass plate containing DNA that,when read with a laser, quickly reveals activity levels for thousands ofindividual genes. The Wisconsin group found that, with age, the activity of a very small number ofgenes -- less th...
Genome tools pass big test in fruit flies
...ped and used several types of tools to analyze the genome
of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster , which h...et far more informationmore quickly from the human genome
effort," added Spradling. In 1982, Spradling and Rubin discovered how to use a transposable element...
NSF grants provide boost to research on inner workings of plants
... at Madisonwill provide an optical map of the rice genome
currently being sequenced as partof an international project. This is a first step toward developing acomprehensive understanding of the organization of this genome. Complementaryresearch funded at Purdue University and Rutgers University will tie ...
Roundworms provide clues to human kidney disease
...and Barr introduced mutations into the roundworm's genome
and thenlooked for males that had difficulty mating. Reproduction in C. elegans involves two sexes, males andhermaphrodites. Hermaphrodites are females that produce sperm, which thehermaphrodite worm can use to self-fertilize the first 300 or so e...
NSF awards large grant for Arabidopsis information resource
... contain all the information about the Arabidopsis genome
project and experimental data from literature to facilitate the analysis and interpretation of the plant's genetic makeup. There is a direct link between most, if not all, genes of the model plant and those of 250,000 other plant species, including c...
Asthma-linked genes discovered at Berkeley lab
... by introducing 8-10 humangenes at a time into the genome
of mice." Adds Symula, "We had this several millio...as our proximity to the actual group engaged inthe genome
mapping effort at JGI that led us into this investigation." Because asthma is a complex genetic cond...
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