Tag: "genome" at biology news

Repetitive DNA in the genome of Neisseria meningitidis

...y of Oxford have sequenced and analyzed the entire genome of Neisseria meningitidis . These pathogenic bacte...502-506). Only 91% of the coding sequences of each genome is present in the other strain and other coding sequences are unrelated. Two genomes have also been ...

Team finds cell gene that helps viruses multiply

... was done in yeast -- an organism whose entire genome is known to science -- it has implications for understanding how the large family of RNA viruses works in humans, animals and plants. RNA viruses make up about a third of all known viruses and includes hepatitis C, which infects hundreds ...

Scientists move in on genes conferring susceptibility, resistance to cancer

... genetic mapping techniques to find regions of the genome that influence the number of benign tumors that fo...skin cancer are in the same positions in the mouse genome as those associated with susceptibility to colon and lung cancer. And this suggests, says Balmain, t...

University of Washington researchers map rice genome

...alf of the world's population. Rice is the largest genome and first plant to be mapped in a working draft fo...different types of climates and soils. The UW rice genome project was directed by Dr. Leroy Hood and managed by Dr. Gregory G. Mahairas. Hood currently is pre...

NIH awards UCSF $12 million in new national effort to learn how genes affect people's repsonses to medicines

As the high-profile effort to decipher the human genome nears completion, scientists nationwide are launching another ambitious project -- this time to learn how variations in genes affect people's responses to drugs. Differences of a single "letter" among many thousands in the DNA instructions of a gene ...

Mouse genome revealing which DNA sequences activate human genes

...lue of the mouse as a model for studying the human genome has been raised even higher with the results of a ...se sequences we can identify those segments of the genome that contain information which instructs surrounding genes on when and where they are to be active. ...

Researchers decode human chromosomes 5, 16, and 19

... chief scientist for the Energy Department's human genome program. "Of course, we are extremely pleased to ...draft milestone as part of that effort." The human genome is the full complement of genetic material in a human cell; it contains instructions for making all ...

The Gene Media Forum/SWINY Event

... THE GENE MEDIA FORUM Promoting public dialogue of genome research and its impact on science and society Major funding from JGS, The Joy of Giving Something, Inc. Advisory Committee: David Baltimore, Walter Eckhart, Beatrix Hamburg, Ruth Macklin,Paul Marks, Ken Olden, Herb Pardes, Jack Rosenthal 11 East 61...

New protein separation technology

...OR---If you think you finally understand the human genome and why it's important, get ready for proteomics. Discovering how cells respond to genetic instructions by creating millions of protein variations and figuring out what all those proteins do will be the next frontier of biomedical research. The ab...

Nearly identical controls of immune genes in mice and humans hint at new asthma treatment

...ifficult, Locksley said. Targeting a region of the genome that controls expression of the three genes at once may offer a solution. The demonstration that the human genes for IL-4, 5 and 13 can be faithfully expressed in mice under the regulation of the mouse DNA is being published in the May issue of the ...

Genome annotation experts take standardized test

Now that the age of the genome is upon us, scientists must find a way to spin mou... commentaries on the current state of computerized genome annotation....

DoubleTwist completes the first annotation of the human genome

...cess all available sequence data from the human genome project DoubleTwist, Inc. and Sun Micro...he primary sequence of more than 80 percent of the genome to date. We have built upon this accomplishment by processing this data to reveal its most important...

HHMI announces selection of 48 new investigators

...rch, Gerald Rubin, announced the sequencing of the genome for the common fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster. The initiative complements the biomedical research that Hughes investigators have traditionally carried out in fields such as cell biology, genetics, immunology, neuroscience and structural biology...

The German-Japanese Consortium deciphers human chromosome 21 - A basis for comprehensive understanding of trisomy 21 (Down syndrome)

...ength of 3 to 4 milliards of base pairs, the human genome could in principle encode for more than 3 millions...as been known for a long time that the part of the genome that encodes genes lies in particular regions, whereas the rest of it is devoid of coding informatio...

Five Seattle scientists selected as Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigators

...tifying genes and other biological features in the genome sequence. Green is a professor of molecular biotechnology and an adjunct professor of computer science. He came to UW in 1994 from Washington University in St. Louis. Michael Shadlen, M.D., Ph.D., a neurologist, studies the brain's contribution to vi...

Sequencers take a bird in hand

...bird's "genomic signature" - showing that the bird genome is both similar to and significantly different fro...urred in the sequence. The signature of the finch genome is remarkably similar to mammalian signatures, suggesting that birds and mammals share not only warm...

DFG to launch 21 new priority programmes

...ogically relevant environmental factors. Using new genome research technologies, the scientists involved in the project also want to analyse the molecular mechanisms that lead to the formation of proteins. Understanding these molecular biology processes has a considerable biotechnological potential, since a...

Human genome project

...nouncement by scientists that a rough draft of the genome map of the human genetic code had been assembled. ...n in the context of the information from the human genome project and see whether the identified gene is associated with the disease." Khalili expects resear...

Genomics project aims to create a "virtual plant"

...id lifecycle. Arabidopsis has the smallest known genome of any flowering plant, and researchers already have an array of tools available for use in genetic studies. The 2010 Project report outlines an ambitious 10-year effort that emphasizes the training of scientists and the continued development of re...

Just-published research shows for the first time that Lyme Disease bacterium does not require iron to infect host

...her hand, natural selection pressure on the entire genome clearly made it possible for Borrelia to exist wit... lab were helped immeasurably by the fact that the genome for Borrelia burgdorferi has been completed, so scientists know the location of the bug's genes on i...

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(Date:4/14/2014)... treat children with uncomplicated acute appendicitis is a reasonable ... fewer missed school days, according to a pilot study. ... Hospital and published online April 12 in the ... the first prospective study on nonoperative management of acute ... , Researchers enrolled 77 patients age 7 to 17 ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... 2014, Perth, Australia. Drug discovery company Proteomics International ... of a companion diagnostic (CDx) test with the ... The research team authenticated the panel of biomarkers ... samples. Seven biomarkers were validated at high stringency ... The mass spectrometry data was then cross-validated using ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... 2014) When it comes to the cost and ... Patients get the best care when they are treated ... extensive experience in their current job, according to a ... and Columbia Business School. The study was published in ... Applied Economics . , The review of more ...
(Date:4/13/2014)... STANFORD, Calif. A low-cost empowerment program for ... and sexual harassment of these girls, who live ... and are frequently attacked, a large new study ... Stanford University School of Medicine, Lucile Packard Children,s ... No Worldwide, validated the program,s effectiveness in combating ...
(Date:4/11/2014)... the processes that control brain cell production could pave ... brain-related disorders. , Scientists have gained new understanding of ... how and when nerve and brain cells are formed ... and keeps it healthy. Their findings could help explain ... which is a fundamental characteristic of many diseases including ...
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