Tag: "grain" at biology news
Diversity: What people, grain sorghum have in common
...n students and professors to examine the genome of grain
sorghum, and tap into the collection of 40,000 dif...dents in science. Out of the $1.9 million overall grain
sorghum genome project, therefore, the team carved out some $200,000 to work with the Houston colleg...
K-State scientists' beetle chosen for national genome sequencing project
.... -- The red flour beetle can be a pest in massive grain
elevators or in the 5-pound sack of flour in your kitchen. But it also can be an important organism in the field of genetic research. As the result of research performed by scientists from Kansas State University and the U.S. Department of Agricultur...
Purdue researchers solve decades-old corn, sorghum problem
...lays ideal crop characteristics, such as increased grain
yield and improved stalk strength and quality, Joh...role there." Other cereal crops, including teff, a grain
grown primarily in Ethiopia, and basmati rice, grown in India, which both grow unusually tall, also ...
Fly bites plant, but plants can bite back, Purdue scientists find
... the insect may add a new defensive weapon for the grain
crop. Using the new gene in combination with other genes is expected to extend resistance time to the most economically damaging insect of wheat by as much as six times. Scientists from Purdue University and the U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricul...
... of European house mice infests one of Australia's grain
regions. Roads turn into fur carpets of squashed mice. Millions of dollars' worth of grain
is eaten or spoiled. Homes and buildings are damaged. The only defence is poison, a slow painful dea...
Newly found gene resistant to economically crippling wheat disease
...y devastating leaf blotch can reduce the amount of grain
lost to the pathogen, according to Purdue University researchers. The scientists used bread wheat species to find the gene and the markers, or bits of DNA, that indicate presence of the naturally occurring gene. The fungus causes wheat crop damage wo...
'MicroRNAs' control plant shape and structure
...ng energy from the sun and producing products like grain
and fiber. As such, these findings could ultimately have profound implications for advances in agriculture. The research was published online today in Nature, a scientific journal, by scientists from Oregon State University, ...
UC Riverside geneticist awarded $2.4 million grant by the National Science Foundation
...iticale, accounts for more than 30% of the world's grain
production, with more than 35% of the human population using the cereal crops as a staple. In the U.S., Triticeae crops are sown on approximately 81 million acres each year with an average value of more than $9 million. Close explained that the pro...
On tap: Genomic sequence of an enemy of beer and bread
... sequence for the rest of us: mapping the DNA of a grain
fungus that wreaks havoc with beer brewing. The ge...est. It causes Fusarium head blight, which reduces grain
yields, and taints grain
with mycotoxins that have been found to be detrimental to human and animal ...
Rutgers geneticists redefine the nature of hybrid corn
...f more than $21 billion. No crop rivals its total grain
yield or the diversity of its uses. Virtually all corn varieties grown today are hybrids. Understanding the genetic basis of heterosis could revolutionize our thinking about genetics and pave the way to even stronger, healthier or more productive s...
Researchers identify molecular signaling system that is crucial for plant fertility
...th of the tube that transports sperm from a pollen grain
on a flower's surface to the egg cells within a pl...itute at the University of Chicago. When a pollen grain
is deposited on the surface of a flower, it somehow has to grow a tube from the stigma of the flower...
Researchers identify key molecular signal in plant pollination
...f the "pollen tube," a tunnel formed by the pollen grain
that aids in fertilizing the plant's eggs. They sa...e that triggers plant reproduction. "When a pollen grain
is deposited on the surface of a flower, it's like a speck of dust landing on the skin," said Preuss...
How plants get made in the shade
...n significantly impact yield, if it's the seeds or grain
that's harvested." The first finding that led to identification of the light-quality pathway arose from a screening that Cerdn was conducting of seedlings of Arabidopsis , a small flowering plant that is the basic model organism used in plant biolog...
Changing global nitrogen cycle impacting human health, says Colorado University-led study
...luded. In the United States, more than half of the grain
produced is fed to animals, and corn is used much more widely as a sweetener than for human consumption. Meat consumption by humans has doubled worldwide since 1960, and excess meat consumption has been linked to numerous health issues, including he...
First soybeans grown in space similar to Earth-grown crops
...zed solutions for farmers, livestock producers and grain
and oilseed processors. With headquarters in Des Moines, Iowa, Pioneer provides access to advanced plant genetics, crop protection solutions and quality crop systems to customers in nearly 70 countries....
Going with the grain: A tale of rice's smallest chromosome
ARLINGTON, Va.Behold a grain
of rice. Inside are thousands of cells; within each cell are 12 chromosomes; and on rice's smallest chromosome, No. 10, are about 3,500 genes and more than 22 million base pairs, the links in the chain of DNA. So, what's the big deal about rice's sm...
PNNL findings may help preserve Dungeness crab
...s on the Columbia. Currently, large ships carrying grain
and other cargo cannot be fully loaded because there is not enough water for them to return to the ocean safely. In looking at crab entrainment, or how many crab are trapped by dredges, PNNL researchers compared entrainment data and levels of salinit...
Research suggests a new method to protect groundwater quality
... use of a nitrification inhibitor had no effect on grain
yield or nitrate leaching. However, in a growing s...o say that maps of soil electrical conductivity or grain
yield can be used to predict where nitrification inhibitors should be used, the researchers have see...
Hebrew University excavations strengthen dating of archaeological findings to David, Solomon
...ere carried out at Groningen University on charred grain
and olive pits found in various strata at Tel Rehov. The dates achieved in this research were particularly precise, with minimal range. The authors further state that this is one of the best sets of radiometric dates based on stratigraphic sequence f...
Biotech regulations impede crop domestication
...ble to take different genetic characteristics of a grain
crop, for instance, and pinpoint the traits you want to turn on or off, create different types of crops with improved characteristics," Strauss said. "Conceptually, this is the same thing we've been doing on a hit-or-miss basis with conventional crop...
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