Tag: "heads" at biology news

SIDS prevention tactic leads to epidemic of 'misshapen head' in infants

...nts and health care practitioners alike. Misshapen heads are often secondary to the muscular torticollis, w...d the right ear, while the left back sides oftheir heads appeared more prominent. Susan also noted that their right ears werelarger. "It was scary, because t...

Computers use Darwinian model to 'evolve' fuel additives

...e randomly create hundreds of molecules from these heads and tails at thebeginning," Venkatasubramanian says. The system can then predict how well themolecules will work by evaluating their structures. Only the best candidates are kept, and they continue to breed. Their head,linker and tail sections ar...

Heatstroke killed four football players during 1998, expert urges precautions

...s resulted from players tackling others with their heads down. "With many schools starting earlier this year and the very hot weatherwe have been having across the country, heatstroke could be an even biggerproblem than in the past," Mueller said. "Players should start off easy for atleast seven to...

Scientists image key steps in bacterial infection

...niversity School of Medicinein St. Louis. Hultgren heads the research program that spawned the two imagingstudies, and he is a co-author of the two papers. Over the past 10 years, Hultgren's group has determined how E. coli makes stickyhairs called pili, which many other types of bacteria produce as well. ...

Honey in the medicine cabinet!

... streptococci that cause that infection. Dr. Molan heads The University of Waikato Honey Research Unit which isrecognized for its expertise in the composition of honey and its antimicrobialactivity. The Honey Research Unit is involved in research on a wide variety of topicssuch as: Assessment of meth...

Researchers find high levels of mercury in native ore deposits

...tamping--crushing the rock usingsteam-driven stamp heads followed by sluicing the crushed rock to separate outthe native metals and to remove the waste rock or stamp sands. Approximately ahalf billion tons of stamp sands were either discharged directly into LakeSuperior or into its tributaries from Keween...

Discovery of oldest dinosaur bones reported in Science

...n. The prosauropods, herbivores with small heads and long necks, could walkon two or four legs. These primitive dinosaurs either shared a common ancestorwith, or were themselves ancestors to, the mighty sauropod dinosaurs thatevolved later, such as Apatosaurus. The five pre-mammalian animal...

New dinosaurs appear to be oldest yet, as reported in the 22 October issue of Science

...dinosaurs were prosauropods, herbivores with small heads and long necks thatcould walk on two or four legs. These primitive dinosaurs either shared a commonancestor with, or were themselves ancestors to, the mighty sauropod dinosaursthat evolved later, such as Apatosaurus . The scientists plan to hold off...

New tool provides major advance for understanding chronic Lyme disease and other illnesses

..., of NIAID's Laboratory of Clinical Investigation, heads one of the Institute's two large studies of chronic Lyme disease and co-authored the new report. The new technique, developed by Roland Martin, M.D., of the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), Richard Simon, Ph.D., of ...

UNC-CH scientist finds smallest number of genes needed for organism's survival

...titute, and Craig Venter, who founded TIGR and now heads Celera Genomics. "Defining the minimal genome is a very fundamental problem, and no one else seems to be approaching it experimentally," said Nobel Prize winner Hamilton Smith, who was a TIGR investigator when the work began. A genome is the compl...

Laser light from Free-Electron Laser used for first time in human surgery

...oped at Stanford University by John Madey, who now heads anFEL program at the University of Hawaii.) "The operation shows that the FEL is an exceptional tool for exploring never-before-examinedterritories in surgery," said David Ernst, professor of physics and interim director of the Vanderbiltcenter, one...

UCSF researcher reports on protein therapy to reverse facial birth defects

...shows that a brief deprivation of vitamin A in the heads of developing chickens can generate these severe craniofacial deformities, and that dosing the chicken embryo with a regulatory protein can restore a near normal face. The results suggest that, someday, carefully timed protein treatments in human fe...

Marine biology course uses Antarctica as its classroom

...e margins." The brainchild of Donal Manahan, who heads the Department of Biological Sciences at the University of Southern California, and NSF's Polly Penhale, who oversees biological and medical research for the Antarctic Program, the course is designed to provide graduate students with an education tha...

Researchers successfully immunize mice against aggressive cancer

...'s Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences who heads up the project. "If we just vaccinate mice with inactivated tumor cells, we get very little protection," Johnson said. "But if we vaccinate the mice with inactivated tumor cells and then give them superantigens, we significantly extend the survival o...

Fruit fly's genome sequence finished in record time: Physical maps are the key to accuracy

...and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute(HHMI), who heads the Berkeley Drosophila Genome Project, and byJ. Craig Venter of Celera Genomics in Rockville, Maryland. TheBerkeley Drosophila Genome Project (BDGP) is supported by theDepartment of Energy, the National Human Genome ResearchInstitute, and HHMI, with...

Unique study reveals new details on how genes are transcribed

...niversity of California at Berkeley (UC Berkeley), heads the group that published the results of this work ...d and built under the direction of Bustamante, who heads the Advanced Microscopies Department for Berkeley Lab's Physical Biosciences Division. In this setup...

Protein found in yeast and humans appears to play a key role in regulating cell growth

...f the Hutchinson Center's Basic Sciences Division, heads the group that published the results of this work earlier this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (Early Edition No. 12). Co-authors on the paper are research associate Beth Moorefield, Ph.D., and biocomputing specialist Eliz...

Building better engines through natural selection

...ional meeting in Paris. His work also is turning heads in the engine manufacturing industry, which faces major new federal pollution control mandates by the year 2002. Caterpillar Inc., a Peoria-based manufacturer of diesel engines for trucks and heavy equipment, is funding Senecal's post-doctorate work...

One-two punch knocks out fly genes

... that this would work . . . we were scratching our heads about how to find the money to do these experiments," he said. Dr. Golic's money came from a special NIGMS funding program for "high-risk, high-impact" grants, or R21's as they are called at NIGMS. R21-funded research projects involve high-risk ...

UW team to examine effects of change in southern Africa on air pollution

...id atmospheric sciences professor Peter Hobbs, who heads the UW's Cloud and Aerosol Research Group. The aircraft will fly below 10,000 feet, measuring pollutants in a subcontinent-sized plume that starts in southern Africa and travels in a counterclockwise rotation thousands of miles to the east, north and...

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