Tag: "hereditary" at biology news
Genetic cause of lymphedema discovered by University of Pittsburgh researchers reported in Nature Genetics
...nted genetic errors that account for this disease, hereditary
lymphedema. The mutations, described in the June ...or understanding a biological mechanism causal for hereditary
lymphedema and crucial for the normal development of lymph vessels." Lymphedema affects as many as 1...
Gene for Mucolipidosis IV discovered
...ered a gene causing Mucolipidosis IV (ML4), a rare hereditary
disorder characterized by severe mental and motor retardation as well as vision abnormalities. This is one of the few cases in which a team composed entirely of Israeli scientists has discovered a gene for a genetic disease. Their findings will app...
Winners of the DFG Bioinformatics Initiative
...tion coming from attempts world-wide to decode the hereditary
factors of micro-organisms, plants, animals and even human beings (human genome projects), to relate them to each other and to make them available to applications, for example in medicine. This means that the establishment of bioinformatics capacitie...
Paul Ehrlich challenges evolutionary psychology and the 'selfish gene' in his latest book, 'Human Natures'
...nt in producing our natures as have changes in the hereditary
information passed on by our ancestors," he adds. ... environments to do the brain programming that our hereditary
endowment couldn't manage. It's that environmental input that gives us the adaptability that is the ...
Bio-X grant recipient explores link between molecular chaperones and serious diseases
... ``Mutations in the human VHL gene are linked to a hereditary
cancer syndrome newly diagnosed in over 20,000 Americans each year,`` she adds. ``We are currently investigating the role of protein folding in the regulation of VHL activity, and how protein folding is affected in a number of tumor-causing mutati...
Hopkins researcher finds bone disease and growth defect may have common genetic basis
An examination of two rare, very different and hereditary
bone disorders has revealed clues about the common...describes two girls diagnosed with both Albright's hereditary
osteodystrophy (AHO) and progressive osseous heteroplasia (POH). They found that abnormal bone forma...
Scientists bypass major hurdle to hemophilia gene therapy
... National Institutes of Health. Hemophilia B is a hereditary
bleeding disease that affects more than 4,000 people in the United States. The disease, which affects males, results in bleeding principally in the muscles and joints. However, internal bleeding, especially in the brain, can lead to death. Treatment...
Million dollar grant by the Paul G. Allen Foundation for Medical Research to University of Washington medical scientist program
...or immunotherapy, as well as the identification of hereditary
factors related to leukemia. "This grant opens further opportunities for doctors to enhance their skills as scientists," said Dr. Lawrence Loeb, the director of the MST program. "It enhances our mission of training these exceptional students so t...
Excess iron stores more common than anemia in study of U.S. elderly
...of chronic inflammation, infection, liver disease, hereditary
blood disorders or active cancer. This group exhibited a significantly different profile of iron nutrition than the normal group of 834 subjects, with 1.5-fold greater incidence of high iron stores and a 2.6-fold higher prevalence of anemia. Whereas ...
Vitamin-like substance leads to dramatic improvements in patients with muscular disorder
...ients with a family of uncommon disorders known as hereditary
ataxias - brain-and-muscle dysfunctions that disru... of the arms, legs, and speech. Six patients with hereditary
ataxia improved greatly after taking a substance called coenzyme Q10, or CoQ10, Columbia researchers...
Finding a model, finding a cure
...or hurdle in the development of an animal model of hereditary
breast cancer in humans has been overcome. Breast ...ientists have been unable develop a mouse model of hereditary
breast cancer. Until now. As published in the May 15th issue of Genes & Development, a collaboratio...
Study finds nonviral gene therapy for severe hemophilia a is safe with early signs of benefit
...ve tissues. Hemophilia A is an X chromosome-linked hereditary
bleeding disorder due to a defect in the blood coagulation factor VIII gene. The disorder has an incidence of 1 in 5000 male births and affects approximately 15,000 men in the United States. Patients experience recurrent bleeding throughout their li...
Washington state researchers receive award for making genetic analysis easier
...probes to help them identify certain genes — hereditary
units of genetic information used by cells to determine everything from hair color to disease. DNA probes work like molecular light switches, turning on only when they find DNA that contains a specific gene. Different probes are needed for every gene...
New statistical method links multiple genes to common complex diseases
... and so cluster in certain families. An example is hereditary
breast cancer, which accounts for less than 10 percent of all breast cancer cases. It is highly associated with the action of mutations in one of two genes. On the other hand, most common diseases do not exhibit a clear pattern of heritability. So g...
Israeli scientists discover gene responsible for hereditary muscle disease prevalent among Jews of Persian descent
...form causes a degenerative muscle disease known as hereditary
inclusion body myopathy, or HIBM. This disease is common in Jews from Iran and from neighboring Middle Eastern countries, but it also occurs in non-Jews in different parts of the world. The findings are reported in the September issue of Nature Ge...
Opportunities and risks of genetically modified food
...s are particularly beneficial, for with their aid, hereditary
matter from organisms of different species can also be transferred to certain breeds to encourage the development of desired properties. In comparison with conventional varieties, transgenic useful plants display considerable advantages. They are res...
Genetic changes leading to colon cancer noted in normal tissue
...cancer, 43 cases of MSI(+) cancer, and 10 cases of hereditary
colon cancer and studied their normal colonic cells for methylation of MLH1. They also examined fresh tissue specimens from 17 patients with sporadic colon cancer who had recently undergone surgery at the Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard ...
New small gene class found by Dartmouth geneticists may exert far reaching influence on cell behavior
... possible since the genomes --the total package of hereditary
information-- of humans and other species have been sequenced, and since bioinformatics advances have facilitated computer analysis of vast genetic data stores. In the commonality of life, C. elegans, with its relatively simple genetic apparatus, is...
Researchers find gene for rare disorder that paralyzes children's legs
Childhood form of hereditary
spastic paraplegia stems from mutated gene for key...orms of the mysterious group of disorders known as hereditary
spastic paraplegia, the team publishes its results in the November issue of Nature Genetics. "This ...
Discovery overturns long-held genetic belief
...e no genetic crossovers -- meaning no exchange of hereditary
information -- on this tiny chromosome. This belief helped to inspire elaborate theories about the consequences of a nonrecombinant chromosome, introducing the concepts of "selective sweeps" and "genetic hitchhiking." If a mutated gene on Chromosome...
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