Tag: "human" at biology news
Proteins show promise for mosquito control
...sticky substance that accumulates on the lining of human
arteries, is an important component of cell membranes in vertebrates and invertebrates. In mosquitoes, it is vital for growth, development and egg production. Unlike humans, mosquitoes cannot synthesize cholesterol. They must obtain it from decompo...
Lecture on ecology of infectious diseases
... of the close proximity of prairie dog colonies to human
dwellings, concern is growing that prairie dogs may be a threat to public health. With funding from the joint National Science Foundation-National Institutes of Health Ecology of Infectious Diseases Program, biologist Sharon Collinge of the Univers...
Growth hormone and IBD: Reduction of intestinal inflammation, promotion of growth
...lates disease activity in experimental colitis and human
IBD. Suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS-3) a...and reduced IL-6 dependent STAT3 activation in T84 human
colon carcinoma cells. Conclusion The Cincinnati investigators found that growth hormone administr...
Case for IBD combination therapy comes from research at Baylor, MIT and Hebrew University
...he clinical trial stage. It is well-known that the human
(and animal) gut is full of mostly beneficial bacteria. In IBD and other diseases researchers have taken an approach that reintroduces these positive bacteria, allow them to repopulate the gut and quite often they produce their own anti-inflammatory ...
PNNL lands $10.3 million NIH biodefense contract to unlock proteomes of salmonella and pox
...ining which microbial proteins interact with which human
host cells will point drug designers toward quick and effective treatments during an outbreak. To conduct the analysis of these microbial proteins, scientists at PNNL will use proteomics instruments and approaches unavailable elsewhere that simultane...
Zoonotic diseases - European scientists unite to fight diseases
...lla, rabies and cryptosporidia. In addition to the human
pain and misery caused by these diseases the cost to the EU, is well in excess of 6bn/yr....
Two Virginia Tech energy-related inventions win R&D 100 awards
...r optic sensor systems are about the diameter of a human
hair and can reach depths exceeding 10,000 feet. The tiny sensors can be hydraulically deployed through a small tube, which means they can be pumped into place and retrieved without pulling the wellhead and casing. The sensors require no down-hole el...
Missing genes may help explain why plague bacteria are so deadly
...ete genome of Y. pseudotuberculosis, an animal and human
pathogen that can cause fever and appendicitis-like pain if ingested in water or food. They then compared the Y. pseudotuberculosis genome with the DNA sequences of two Y. pestis strains previously sequenced by the Sanger Institute in Cambridge, Engl...
Cell's gatekeeper for ammonia revealed in unprecedented detail
...lood cells carry it in high concentration, yet the human
brain can't tolerate it. The ability of cells to a... transport by AmtB is essentially the same for the human
Rh factors, where small differences in the amino acid sequences of the conducting machinery lead to ...
OutFoxed! New research may redefine late-stage cardiac development
...cular development may lead to malformations in the human
heart. "Although there have been no substantiated reports of humans born with two hearts, our understanding of how this very early process of fusion of the two bilateral cardiac primordial is regulated should provide a better understanding of many a...
Researchers discover why mutant gene causes colon cancer
... mutating the APC gene, led to cancerous tumors in human
colon cell lines. The new study blocked APC functi...striped fish as models to study various aspects of human
development. "Implications of this study are far reaching," Jones says. "We have long suspected...
Snakehead in your inbox? Welcome to the nonindigenous Aquatic Species Alert System
...ely to cause, harm to the economy, environment, or human
health. "Early detection and response are critica.... Most nonindigenous introductions are a result of human
activities since the European colonization of North America. This includes not only species that arr...
Hunting illusive signs of natural selection
...ng like 20 to 25,000 years ago. One hypothesis of human
population movement suggests that a small number o... can also help in mapping genes underlying complex human
Wrapping a memory with an experience, capacity for recollection detected in non-human species
...f these, he considered recollection to be a purely human
condition. That tenet is now being challenged by...o better define the role of the hippocampus in the human
recollection process. They approached this in a novel way -- by investigating the activity of the h...
Adaptive changes in the genome may provide insight into the genetics of complex disease
... studies of the forces that have shapedpatterns of human
genetic variation has found strong evidence for th... isconsiderable interest in finding regions of the human
genome that have beentargets of natural selection, the tools and resources needed to do so areonly n...
Complex cells likely arose from combination of bacterial and extreme-microbe genomes
...g to a new report, complex cells like those in the human
body probably resulted from the fusion of genomes ...ukaryotes, whereas the highly specialized cells of human
beings and other mammals are among the most complex. "A major unsolved question in biology has b...
New genetic hypothesis for the cause of autism
...sisted understanding despite the completion of the human
Sandia experiments may reduce possibility of future water wars
... livestock may leave much more water available for human
consumption, as well as for residential and indust...se is for irrigated agriculture rather than direct human
consumption and other productive uses." Preliminary indications are that hydroponic greenhouses ...
Maine-based biophysics institute gets funding for first US-based 4Pi nanoscale microscope
...d tool to examine the very structure of the mouse, human
and other genomes." The 4Pi microscope is manufactured by Leica Microsystems in Mannheim, Germany, based on technology developed by Stefen Hell of the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry in Gttingen, Germany. The "4Pi" designation refers...
A new protein is discovered to play a key role in cancer progression
..., we can better understand the progression of many human
cancers," said Pier Paolo Pandolfi, M.D., Ph.D., H...-b signaling has been associated with a variety of human
cancers. In addition to this loss of TGF-b, loss of PML is associated with tumor progression in many...
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