Tag: "identification" at biology news

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology

...mpee, C.F., and Braddock, J.F. 2003. Isolation and identification of Photobacterium phosphoreum from an unexpected niche: Migrating salmon. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 69: 6938-6942.) The dark side of good bacteria Beneficial bacteria in the small intestine may be helping more than just the human hos...

Researchers describe novel gene mutations associated with Alzheimer disease

...91, the results of genetic studies have led to the identification of gene mutations and variations that can either c...dementias," write the authors. "In addition, the identification of new mutations is important, particularly for developing diagnostic testing programs based on the ...

Technique may identify novel disease genes at a faster clip

...ng the cause of many human diseases. To facilitate identification of the target proteins, the scientists adapted a technique that had been used in the test tube to identify the targets of RNA-binding proteins. This technique involved irradiating molecules with ultraviolet light, which caused a cross-linking reactio...

Genetics mutations resulting in delayed puberty are focus of MCG study

... puberty. Dr. Layman's studies have contributed to identification of two of these mutations, including those on the GNRH receptor and FSHB, but the total list of contributors could be in the hundreds, he said. Now Dr. Layman is using the Affymetrix GeneChip machine in the MCG Genomics Core Facility, which was devel...

U. of Colorado team developing 'Flu Chip' for fast, accurate diagnosis

...a serious biodefense concern," Rowlen said. "Rapid identification of any biological pathogen, such as flu A, anthrax...he said. "Current commercial technology for rapid identification of influenza A does not provide any genetic information and therefore cannot provide investigators a...

Scripps scientists link ozone to atherosclerosis

...ensitive diagnostic markers that would allow early identification of patients at risk of life-threatening atherosclerosis would be a boon to preventative medicine. Atherosclerosis and Ozone Atherosclerosis is a common vascular disease that increases the risk of heart attacks and strokes. In fact, heart disease is t...

JCI Table of Contents, November 3, 2003

...erefore VLA-1 appears to be of unique value in the identification and physiology of peripheral CD4+ T cell memory. TITLE : Expression of the alpha1beta1 integrin, VLA-1, marks a distinct subset of human CD4+ memory T cells . AUTHOR CONTACT : Leonard Chess Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, N...

Ethical guidelines needed before 'nutrigenomic' groceries come to market

...s a high risk of misunderstanding the results. The identification of a genetic mutation does not mean someone will develop conditions correlated with the mutation, nor does the absence of a mutation mean that the person will not develop the conditions. Detailed predictions are years away. There is an issue of whet...

Salk news: Gene chips and crop yield

...tions of what genes may exist in Arabidopsis. This identification for the first time confirmed experimentally the existence of nearly 6,000 genes, about one third of the genes that computer models could only suggest existed in Arabidopsis. For plant researchers, the tiny mustard weed has become the equivalent of t...

Gene mutations that cause hearing loss discovered

...o reduce the effect of the gene mutation." Initial identification of the gene was achieved at MSU. Additional mutations were found through collaborations with the University of Iowa and the Baylor College of Medicine. The National Institutes of Health also was a partner in the project....

Intraepithelial neoplasia may be a leading risk factor for prostate and ovarian cancers

...tinues to grow, there is an urgent need to develop identification and treatment methods for intraepithelial neoplasia," said Scott Lippman, M.D., of the M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Tex. "We are hoping studies, like the data presented today, will continue to advance our knowledge and bring us closer to e...

Cumbre Inc. and collaborator publish on a novel bacterial RNA polymerase inhibitor

...ects nucleotide addition." The paper describes the identification and characterization of the novel "CBR703" class of inhibitors through combined efforts in biochemistry, genetics and structural modeling with contributions from both Cumbre researchers and scientists from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Co-aut...

How many fish in the sea? Census of Marine Life launches first report

...f new species being found. Other benefits include identification of "watering holes" or "oases" and "nurseries" in the open and deep oceans that merit protection. As well, the Census is helping develop and test new technologies that will permit exploration of areas unreachable today, vastly improving human underst...

Adaptive mutation is common in E. coli, say IU researchers

...ability to use other food sources for growth." The identification of genes controlling increased mutation rates in other, more dangerous bacteria could arm hospitals with a new type of weapon that helps them keep up with nosocomial infections caused by quickly mutating bacteria. But the discovery also feeds a fiery...

'Timeless' gene found to play key role as timekeeper in mammals

...ween the previous studies and this new one was the identification of two timeless proteins -- one a full-length protein and the other a shorter, incomplete version. "There has been a lot of dispute about the role of timeless, and timeless has been generally excluded in research done since 1998," said Martha U. Gill...

Restricting the gene pool

... Drs. Noriko Kamei and Charles Glabe report on the identification of a receptor on the surface of sea urchin eggs that regulates the species-specific adhesion of sperm. External fertilization can be risky business, especially for marine animals whose sperm is released into an aqueous environment. Thus, there are s...

Researchers discover new genetic link to common colon cancer

...or the crucial next phase of the study, the actual identification of the disease-causing gene." In addition to Drs...new families into the study to "ultimately provide identification of the putative disease gene that underlies this linkage."...

Rutgers targets Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan with $3.5 million from NIH

... new generation of scientists. The search for and identification of the biological resources from which these products are derived also can form the basis for conserving the native biodiversity. Raskin described the biodiversity of Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan as extremely varied and largely unexplored, and spread ...

Researchers identify botox receptor

...s but also provide some of the first evidence that identification of the receptor could play an integral role in developing measures that counteract the bacterial toxin, thereby safeguarding human lives against exposure to the lethal poison. The fragment composed of the syt II protein is being patented by the Wisc...

Tiny 'test tubes' may aid pharmaceutical R&D

...ry. The approach may be useful for faster, cheaper identification of new pharmaceuticals and for studying cellular-level processes. The researchers will report their results in the Sept. 30 edition of Langmuir. The artificial cells, called liposomes, are tiny spherical containers that self-assemble from natural fa...

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