Tag: "identifies" at biology news

Unprecedented View Of RNA Structure Captured

...neticinformation and catalyze biological reactions identifies it as central to theorigins of life and suggests that it is critical for the regulation of genes andpathogens. Unfortunately, scientists still have only a primitive understanding of RNA. Itsmany entwined helical elements are tightly packed into an ex...

USGS assesses nation's biological resources at century end

...ds of marine resources by region. The report also identifies scientific information gaps and points to neededresearch, monitoring and restoration--from Alaska to Hawaii to Florida andthe Caribbean Islands, encompassing endangered and at-risk species, coralreefs and the rivers and streams of the nation. There...

Mice show function of gene that causes two types of blindness

...gene, which produces Rim protein (RmP). This study identifies the moleculetransported by RmP in the retina's photoreceptor cells. When a mutation occursin ABCR, then RmP dysfunctions and cannot perform its transporter role. "Our research revealed, among other things, the biochemical change inpatients w...

Cedars-Sinai medical tip sheet (b)

...tential impact. Cedars-Sinai Medical Center study identifies for first time a molecularmechanism behind hormonal response to stress A two-year study led by Shlomo Melmed, M.D., of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center hasidentified for the first time a molecular mechanism that transduces (translatesand conveys) stress ...

Heavy metal research is music to biologists' ears

...afely deliversit to its destination. The work also identifies a potential target for developing drugs to treat LouGehrig's disease, a uniformly fatal condition. The research report appears in the August 1999 issue of the journal NatureStructural Biology. A little over six years ago, scientists first linked Lou ...

New methodology reduces costs of monitoring contaminated sites

...t uses a genetic algorithm. "The genetic algorithm identifies optimal subsets of monitoring wells in aprocess analogous to the Darwinian concept ofnatural selection," Minsker said. "The algorithm searches the decision space andidentifies subsets of wells that accuratelydescribe the contaminant plume at minimal ...

Botanical evidence indicates "Shroud of Turin" originated in Jerusalem area before 8th century

...rusalem during that time. The analysis positively identifies a high density of pollen of the thistleGundelia tournefortii which has bloomed in Israel between March and May formillennia. An image of the plant can be seen near the image of the man'sshoulder. It has been hypothesized by the Whangers, who have re...

First gene defect identified for precursor to adult diabetes

...of what causesinsulin resistance and diabetes. It identifies a target -- the gene's abnormalprotein -- for potential new drugs to treat both conditions. The research, published in the September issue of the journal Diabetes,is a collaboration between scientists at the University of California, SanFran...

Researchers identify enzyme essential for battle against bacteria in the intestine

... Louis, Oct. 1, 1999 -- A paper in today's Science identifies anenzyme essential for the body's daily battle against bacteria in the intestineand possibly in other organs such as the lung and bladder. This work might oneday help drug companies design more effective drugs to combat a myriad ofdiseases, including...

Biodiversity as insurance in the face of change

...tock market, looks atvariability through time, and identifies stability in an ecological community asa measure of how much populations of species fluctuate in the face ofenvironmental change. The hope, according to the Wisconsin scientists, is that the model willcontribute to a better understanding of ecosystem...

Scientists develop assay for heart disease risk

... DNA bound to a particular probe. The band pattern identifies which gene variations an individual possesses,providing a snapshot of his or her potential genetic risk. By allowingresearchers quick access to individuals' genetic profiles, this assay will helppinpoint specific combinations of gene variations that...

HIV spreads in therapy-resistant cells

...t from what you see in tissue culture. "This study identifies a source of cells that are invulnerable to current therapies." A vaccine will also be hard to develop, he said, because cytotoxic T cells, the normal destroyers of foreign material, kill foreign material by recognizing and killing activated T cells i...

Scientists at TIGR uncover the minimal number of cellular genes needed for life

... creation of life in the lab as a focus, the Group identifies the ethical, social, and religious issues that will be raised by the eventual creation of the minimal genome -- before its actual creation. By applying this model of conducting discussion, reflection, and commentary prior to and during the research p...

Researchers find new mechanism for growing new blood vessels

...ng a better understanding of the biology. It also identifies a molecule that activates multiple growth factor pathways, which may be more potent than a single growth factor." In other research on therapeutic angiogenesis, scientists have focused on individual growth factors that augment the body's limited natu...

Obesity gene controls bone density via brain pathway

...ity."This is a very significant finding because it identifies an entirely new avenue for targeting osteoporosis therapies," said Dr. Karsenty. "Bone mass is essentially the product of a balancing act between cells that form new bone and other cells that digest old bone. Osteoporosis results from an imbalance ...

Cell division study aids cancer drug search

... controls cell growth and division. Their research identifies a complex of proteins* which activate E2F, thus initiating celldivision. But if these control proteins are faulty and E2F is over-activated, excessivecell division takes place. This can lead to cancer. "This is an important breakthrough" says Profe...

Scientists move in on genes conferring susceptibility, resistance to cancer

...eptibility or resistance to cancer with a map that identifies each gene in the mouse genome will allow scientists to move in on the implicated genes more quickly. The sequencing of the mouse genome is expected to be completed within the next year. Co-authors of the UCSF study are Hiroki Nagase, MD, formerly a...

Nerve protein shown crucial to sensations of pain from heat, injury

.... "This is just a beginning," says Julius, "but it identifies one of the basicfactors involved in the signaling of pain in a normal animal.""Each receptor molecule is a potential target for drugs to reduce pain," addsBasbaum. "Negative side effects are currently the major limit to pain therapy,but if these mole...

Northwestern researchers clone gene responsible for inner ear motor

...ation sciences and disorders, at Northwestern. "It identifies the molecular basis for the motile process that makes the outer hair cells of the mammalian cochlea unique and which may be responsible for the exquisite sensitivity of sound perception in humans." It is widely believed that outer hair cells act ...

Fact sheet: the Report on Carcinogens - 9th edition

...itute of Environmental Health Sciences, the Report identifies substances -- such as metals, pesticides, drugs, a...ugs. It is important to understand that the Report identifies potential cancer hazards. A listing in the Report does not by itself establish that a substance pre...

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Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Holidays Can Be Sensory Overload for Kids With Autism 2Health News:California Federal Court Overseeing Byetta Lawsuits, Other Incretin Mimetic Claims Adds New Cases in November, Bernstein Liebhard LLP Reports 2Health News:California Federal Court Overseeing Byetta Lawsuits, Other Incretin Mimetic Claims Adds New Cases in November, Bernstein Liebhard LLP Reports 3Health News:California Federal Court Overseeing Byetta Lawsuits, Other Incretin Mimetic Claims Adds New Cases in November, Bernstein Liebhard LLP Reports 4Health News:Syngenta Lawsuits Being Investigated by Wright & Schulte LLC, Following China’s Rejection of Corn Shipments Tainted with Unapproved GMO Seed 2Health News:Syngenta Lawsuits Being Investigated by Wright & Schulte LLC, Following China’s Rejection of Corn Shipments Tainted with Unapproved GMO Seed 3Health News:AlignLife of Downtown Greenville is Now Open and Accepting New Patients 2Health News:Discounted Mag Locks for Glass Doors Revealed by Locks-Magnetic.com 2
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