Tag: "incidence" at biology news

International Research Team Clones New Skin Cancer Gene

...s of basal cell carcinoma occur each year, and its incidence is on the rise. The new gene, called PTC, is essential for keeping skin cells under control. "Genetic mutation of PTC is the key step in development of skin cancer,2 said Allen Bale, M.D., senior author of the Cell paper and director of the Cancer ...

Bark Beetle Infestation Spurs Multifaceted Study

...ers are looking at the history of the forests, the incidence offire and signs of the early settlers -- including Chinese laborers and Basqueshepherds -- in this area closely linked with exploitation of the ComstockLode. The reason for the sudden interest in this area is a bark beetle infestationin the Lake T...

Genetic Makeup May Explain Why Some Women Smokers Develop Breast Cancer While Others Don't, UB Study in JAMA Reports

...that slow-versus-fast acetylation could affect the incidence of breast cancer among smokers, the researchers used data from an earlier case-control study of the disease. Extensive data were gathered on medical and reproductive history and blood samples were collected for DNA analysis. Researchers were able t...

Prostate Cancer May Be Predicted 10 Years Before Diagnosis

... white men. Between 1980 and 1990 prostate cancer incidence rates increased 65 percent, largely due to improved detection. A free fact sheet on prostate gland changes, "Prostate Problems," is available by calling the NIA Information Center's toll-free number, 800-222-2225. Scientists who worked on this stud...

ORNL Mice Helping Researchers Isolate, Identify Causes Of Cancer

...ome of these mouse strains have a high spontaneous incidence of lymphomaand/or leukemia," Justice said. When these mouse strains were first developed, scientists didn't know thereason the mice developed leukemia. Now, however, Justice and colleaguesknow that the mice get cancer because of murine leukemia retro...

Selenium Supplements Can Reduce Cancer Rates

...However, they were "compelling" for overall cancer incidence and mortality rates, Combs stressed. Of the selen...cer risk. The fact that we saw a pattern in lower incidence and mortality rates across all the clinics gives us even greater confidence in these findings." Pros...

Prostate Cancer's Aggressiveness May Be Predicted Early By The Ratio Of Free To Total PSA

...n white men. Between 1980 and 1990 prostate cancer incidence rates increased 65 percent, largely due to improved detection. A free fact sheet on prostate gland changes, "Prostate Problems," is available by calling the NIA Information Center's toll-free number, 800-222-2225. Scientists who worked on this stud...

Report Notes Difficulties In Eliminating E. Coli O157:H7 From Food Supply

...due tothe pathogen's nature. "For example, the low incidence of E. coli O157:H7 in foods makes directmicrobiological testing for the pathogen as a means of verifying theeffectiveness of a HACCP program of limited benefit," Doyle and Buchanan wrote. "Most desirable is a process that includes a step lethal to th...

Oral Vaccine Protects Infants From Severe Rotavirus Diarrhea

... diarrhea of any severity, the vaccine reduced the incidence of severerotavirus diarrhea by 88 percent and the ...e severeillness." Aside from significantly greater incidence of fever in the vaccine group afterthe first dose only (15 percent in vaccinees versus 7 percent in ...

Reanalysis Of International Data Finds Sharp Decline In Sperm Density

... United States, where spermcounts have fallen, the incidence of testicular cancer has increaseddramatically over the last 25 years, while in Finland, where sperm counts arestill relatively high, testicular cancer rates have remained low. #...

Premies' Lung Disorder Can Cause Developmental Delays

...and whether or not they might be related to higher incidence of learning disabilities that you see in groups of premie babies when they're at school age, " said Singer. Other researchers on the study include Toyoko Yamashita, Lawrence Lilien, Marc Collin, and Jill Baley. The hospitals involved were University...

Colon Cancer Linked To Genes, Not Lifestyle

... discovered. "As in humans, the incidence of colon cancer dramatically increases with aging," he said. Colon cancer is the third most common cancer in men, following prostate and lung cancer, and the third most co...

UF Researchers Identify Virus That May Cause Epidemic Disease In Sea Turtles

... turtleswith the lesions in the mid-1980s, and the incidence of the diseasehas rapidly increased since then, said Ritchie Moretti, who runsthe Turtle Hospital in the Florida Keys. "UF researchers saw the first turtle with internaltumors," Moretti said. "Now 20 percent of the affectedturtles have inte...

Transgenic Mice Created By Researchers May Shed Light On Human Heart Disease

...mountsof the protein by mutant genes causes a high incidence of sudden death, shesaid. "In troponin mutant mice, we can manipulate how much of the proteinthey make," she said. "We have found that when the gene makes even a smallamount of the protein, it can cause death within eight hours." The...

Good Ergonomics Is Good Economics

...Since 1979, Deere has recorded an 83% reduction in incidence of back injuries, and by 1984 it had reduced worke...s shop operations. Of particular note was the high incidence of back injuries. For example, in 1985, 9 of 13 lost-time injuries were back injuries, and 579 lost ...

Low B Vitamin Levels Common In Many People Linked To Increased Heart Disease, Stroke Risk

...ing this vitamin instead had increased lung cancer incidence and cardiovascular disease mortality rates. Associations should not be described as effects."The Cleveland study, part of a European Concerted Action Project, examined 750 people with atherosclerosis or blockages in the blood vessels of the heart, b...

Sexually Active Younger Women Are At Higher Risk For Infection With Human Papillomavirus

Sexually active college-age women have a high incidence of human papillomavirus(HPV) infection according t...rmalities of the cervix and cervical cancer." "The incidence of HPV infection in sexually active young college women isalarming. Furthermore, we currently have n...

Not Just What You Eat That Affects Risk For Heart Disease And Stroke; Your Genes Influence How Much Damage High-Fat Diet Causes

... His research hasshown that "efforts to reduce the incidence of heart disease by modifying fatintake may be much more effective in high-risk pattern B individuals than inpattern A subjects who have a normal blood cholesterol profile." Research findings showing that dietary fat-induced changes in LDL pa...

Leftover Fetal Cells May Affect Development Of Scleroderma

...nation, inaddition to sex hormones, for the higher incidence of autoimmune diseases inwomen. While these data ...sis, affects people of all races, with anestimated incidence of 14.1 cases per million population worldwide. Its causeremains unknown. The disease is at least ...

National Studies Reveal Why Pet Owners Take Animals To Shelters And How Many Find New Homes; Statistics Point to Epidemic

...acteristics ofresponsible pet owners, estimate the incidence of pets being relinquished toanimal shelters and determine the disposition of dogs and cats within homes. Salman and other council members hope that results generated by thethree studies will provide a scientific basis for developing...

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