Tag: "incidence" at biology news

Stress Hormone Levels Predict Length Of Gestation In Human Pregnancy

...fperinatal mortality and morbidity, and has a high incidence in the United States- 10 percent of all births, the highest rate in all developed nations. Althoughadvances in medical technology have improved survival, the rate of pretermdelivery has not decreased in 40 years. Wadhwa believes the study re...

Virginia Tech Scientist Seek Genetic Solution To Malaria

...rolmethods. Countries witnessing a rising incidence of the disease are oftenexperiencing dissolving social structures, which leads to increasinglyineffective control measures. "The approach we're taking, if it's successful, is to develop transgenicmosquitoes that are incapable of transmitting...

U.S. Healthcare Burden To Soar Unless Hepatitis C Detection, Treatment Improve

...ed States over the next two decades. Although the incidence of chronic HCV infection is declining and treatments can eradicate the disease in some patients, nearly 4 million people now have chronic HCV infection. The study found that, with the current rate of new chronic HCV cases continuing, the pool of case...

Calcium Channel Blocker Slows Hardening Of Arteries In Some Key Arteries, But Not Others

...dicine, said, "Amlodipinesignificantly reduced the incidence of angina pectoris," severe chest pain thatresults from lack of oxygen to heart muscles. Furberg, professor and chairman of public health sciences at Wake Forestand a national co-chairman of the study, noted, "This reduction in angina is akn...

UCSF Study Finds No Association Between Hair Dye And Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

...According to Holly, over the past two decades, the incidence of NHL amongthe American population has surpassed ...y explain a small portion of the estimated rise in incidence of NHL that hasoccurred since the late 1940's. In addition, similar increases have beenreported by ...

UCSF Team Identifies Two Key Molecules In Asthma; Important Finding For New Therapies That Treat Disease At Cell Level

... Americans, including 4.8 millionchildren, and the incidence has been rising dramatically in recent years. People with asthma have airway passages that are chronically inflamed. The inflammation leaves the airways particularly sensitive to allergens,viruses, or environmental factors like dust or tobac...

Fat In Spite Of Hard Farm Work - Tracking Down Obesity

... clues as to whetherspecific families had a higher incidence of obesity and whether this couldprovide the basis for a heredity model. At first, similarities in body typewithin one family were studied. Fat Amish People indeed have mostly fat childrenand also fat siblings. Hence, obesity could have genetic cause...

X-Ray Concentrator Will Expand Window On High-Energy Universe

...lected, as if by a mirror. This is called "grazing incidence reflection"since the light just grazes the surface... X-rays refuse to be reflected unless the angle of incidence is verysmall," Joy said. "They just penetrate the material rather than reflecting offof it." As X-ra...

New England Journal Of Medicine Reports Calcium Supplements Help Prevent Polyp Recurrence; DMS Led Study

...re noted. Overall, there was a 19% decrease inthe incidence of recurrence of one polyp and a 24% decrease in t...d about 10% of all deaths from cancer. Theoverall incidence of colorectal cancers, however, has declined in the pastdecade, possibly a result of better screenin...

Study Affirms Value Of Non-Surgical Treatment For Arrhythmia

...ow recurrence rate (6 percent) and arelatively low incidence of major complications (3 percent). The one-yearsurvival rate after catheter ablation was 98 percent. In addition, the researchers noted that the probability for success washighest among medical centers that performed the greatest number ...

Little-Explored African Genetic Diversity May Hold Key To Human Origins, Medical Questions

... Americanswhose roots are in Europe." The incidence of hypertension in African Americans is quite high andprobably not caused by the same mechanism as in Europeans. Understanding theunderlying genetic cause, could lead to more effective treatments. This research was partially supported by a ...

Use Of Protease Inhibitors For HIV Associated With Dramatic Rise In Oral Warts

...dy period, the researchers found. In contrast, the incidence oforal warts increased dramatically from 1996-98, ...tments became more common. The study examined the incidence of oral warts among those who were treated withprotease inhibitors and other advanced antiretroviral...

Old Bone Collection Reveals Basis For Some Dizziness

...olleaguesused them to study the possible cause and incidence of the disorder. "We foundthat if the temporal bone in one ear was thin, the second ear showed the samethinness, an indication that the weakness is likely to be congenital if notinherited," says Minor, associate professor of otolaryngology-head and n...

Scientists Study Protein's Role In Tumor Development In Fish

...ell, are among a handfulof scientists studying the incidence of tumors in walleye. "Of the walleye populations studied in Canada and New York, close to 30percent of the walleye can have these tumors in some years," Holzschu says. Tumors that spontaneously appear and disappear have been documen...

Telomere Loss Spells Trouble for Aging Mice

... found that18-month-olds display an unusually high incidence of skin ulcerations inaddition to graying hair and hair loss -- signs that organs with high proliferativerates were slowing down or undergoing cell death. More significantly, when exposed to a blood-cell depleting agent, normaladults showed s...

Immunex And Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories Advance Enbrel Into Phase II/III Clinical Trial For Chronic Heart Failure

...ts demonstrated that ENBREL was welltolerated. The incidence of adverse events was similar in all treatment groups. The study was conducted by Dr. Douglas Mann and Dr. Guillermo Torre at BaylorCollege of Medicine, and Dr. Arthur M. Feldman at University of PittsburghMedical Center. The 47 patients were New Yo...

Bacteria From Gum Infections Associated With Diabetes, Chronic Lung Disease, UB Studies Find

...gy, analyzeddata from 13,792 adults concerning the incidence of pneumonia, asthma,bronchitis and/or emphysema and the condition of their oral health, using degreeof gum detachment from bone as an indicator. Results showed that persons with chronic lung conditions had more gumdetachment than those with no lung...

News Tips Wednesday, March 24, 1999

...ty examined the association betweensnoring and the incidence of cardiovascular disease among an estimated 72,000women, aged 40-65, without previously diagnosed heart disease or cancer. At aneight-year follow-up, they found 7,622 individuals with high blood pressure and1,042 individuals who had experienced a m...

U.S. In The Midst Of A Heroin Epidemic, But Many Overdose Deaths Can Be Prevented

... Annals article covers the pharmacology of heroin, incidence of fataloverdoses, diagnosis, treatment, complications, and prevention programs. "One surprise was the documentation of the dramatic activity of heroin in thebody compared to morphine and other opiates," he says. "Heroin is more solublein the fat ce...

Zinc Reduces Child Mortality By More Than 34%

...ced diarrhealprevalence by up to 25% and pneumonia incidence by 41% in randomized, controlledtrials. They also found that zinc supplementation given along with appropriatefluids and foods during acute and persistent diar-rhea reduces the duration ofthe illness by up to 29%, as well as the severity of the episo...

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(Date:4/14/2014)... orphaned by HIV/AIDS in South Africa may provide insight ... behavior issues in other areas of the world, which ... that could lead to successful interventions. , A ... United Nations mentions that due to the HIV/AIDS pandemic, ... African, children are at an increased risk for mental ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... A new study shows that moderate to severe ... risk of stroke, cancer and death. , Results of ... to severe obstructive sleep apnea were four times more ... times more likely to have a stroke (HR = ... (HR = 3.4), and 2.5 times more likely to ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... Dallas study involving serious youth offenders, the answer to one ... seven years: "How long do you think you,ll live?", According ... offending over time., Author Dr. Alex Piquero said the study ... of them offend at very high rates and commit more ... much later in life offend much less., "In a lot ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... with symptoms increasing dramatically during some of the most important ... has found. , Depressive symptoms increased on average by 68 ... young men, who were around 25 years old when they ... their children. The results of the study were published April ... is the first to identify when young fathers are at ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... Lower weight babies and babies who aren,t breastfed ... risk of developing chronic inflammation and related health ... study. , "There were good reasons to hypothesize ... inflammation in adulthood," says Thomas McDade (Northwestern University), ... in the Child & Brain Development program. "It ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Researchers identify children with emotional behavior difficulties 2Health News:Researchers identify children with emotional behavior difficulties 3Health News:Study links severe sleep apnea to increased risk of stroke, cancer and death 2Health News:UT Dallas study: Youth who fail to envision future commit more crimes 2Health News:Young dads at high risk of depression, too 2Health News:Low birth weight, less breastfeeding create later health risks 2
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