Tag: "incidence" at biology news
Children are at greatest risk of eye damage during the eclipse
...a and therefore may be followed by an even greater incidence
of retinal injury than reported after other recent eclipses, he says. Solar retinopathy is caused by looking at the sun with the naked eye, causing a rise in retinal temperature of 4 C, which induces photochemical injury to the retinal receptor cel...
Blocking the binge: UF researchers explore for uncontrolled eating
...medication topiramate reported long-term decreased incidence
of binge eatingepisodes, with four patients ending uncontrolled consumption completely, saidDr. Nathan Shapira, an assistant professor of psychiatry at UF's College ofMedicine. Shapira, who led the research effort while on the faculty of the Universi...
Scientists say vitamin C may alleviate the body's response to stress
... test group of elderlywomen. It also reduced the incidence
of stress-related upper-respiratoryinfections in marathon runners. Recommending a sharper look at the present RDA, Campbell said he believes thatour prehistoric ancestors probably consumed large amounts of vitamin C in atropical diet rich in fruits...
Agency awards $8.2 million to study how air pollution affects us
...ulates canaffect health. "For example, the incidence
of asthma has increased substantially overthe past decade. The reasons for this increase are uncertain, but it is clearthat there is a wide variation in response to inhaled air pollutants among thegeneral population. Some children and the elderly are...
Researchers discover genetic basis of heritable sleep disorder
...s a consistent advance of sleeponset and the first incidence
of dream sleep by more than three hours. With th...s simple matter to create a family treeand map the incidence
of FASPS. The results were striking -- the researchersdiscovered that the disorder followed the simp...
Penn researchers find ovary removal reduces risk of breast cancer in women withBRCA1 mutation
... after theBPO, the researchers determined that the incidence
of breast cancer in the womenwho had the BPO was reduced by 70 percent. "These results demonstrate that having a bilateral prophylactic oophorectomyclearly reduces a woman's risk of breast cancer if she is a carrier of the BRCA1mutation," says...
USGS studies wildfire ecology in the western United States
...ubland and desert habitats. In these systems, fire incidence
has been increasing, often due to the spread of no... Knick says, the shrubland is burning up. Wildfire incidence
has increased by a factor of three since 1980, and fires are getting larger. But behind this increas...
Study confirms safety and tolerability of zaleplon for long-term treatment of insomnia
...lept, number ofawakenings, and sleep quality. The incidence
of withdrawal syndrome (acondition that often occurs after prolonged treatment with a sedative orhypnotic -- the category to which most sleep medications belong -- and may includehallucinations and seizures) was assessed with a withdrawal syndromeque...
Researchers find high levels of mercury in native ore deposits
...concentrations,suggesting that the natural amalgam incidence
is widespread. These findings are important because the finest fractions of stampsands, the so-called slime clays, are simultaneously the most susceptible towater transport and the most enriched in mercury. When this material comes intocontac...
Reports from special environmental health issue explore links to autoimmune diseases - diabetes, lupus, multiple scleroris and arthritis
...self-reactive B cells, which may lead to increased incidence
of autoimmunedisease. To date, researchers have identified a host of environmental factorsthought to be possible triggers for various autoimmune disorders. For example,exposure to certain dietary factors seems to contribute to type 1 diabetes...
New mouse model could be key to understanding role of folic acid in preventing birth defects
...in to answer questions such as why there is a high incidence
ofspina bifida in the Hispanic population. "In some studies, Hispanic women don't seem to get the same benefits from takingfolic acid as do other populations. "If it's validated that in fact Hispanicsdon't benefit, we want to know why they don't bene...
Hutchinson Center to lead $11.5 million ovarian-cancer research consortium
...hat yield the greatestreductions in ovarian-cancer incidence
and mortality. The outcomes research alsowill focus on making substantial improvements in quality of life among womenwith ovarian cancer. The Consortium will conduct five scientific studies, all of which seek to applythe insights of laboratory and ep...
UT Southwestern researchers discover structure of molecule that repairs sun and cigarette damage
...ted with neurologicalabnormalities and a very high incidence
of skin cancer," said Dr. MischaMachius, who collaborated on the study with Dr. Johann Deisenhofer, Nobellaureate, professor of biochemistry and Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)investigator. "The enzyme also will recognize and remove DNA damage...
FDA mandate for folic acid fortification may decrease the incidence of Down syndrome
...urces, or vitaminsupplementation -- may reduce the incidence
of Down syndrome, according to a study funded by t... typical American diet andultimately to reduce the incidence
of birth defects. This study, published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, showed that ...
Just how serious a problem is alcoholism?
...tienttreatment group, for example, had the highest incidence
of what Raimo calls'general life problems,' which ...blems that may exist. There is also a pretty high incidence
of sexual abuseand physical trauma among women alcoholics that isn't necessarily addressed bytraditi...
Wake Forest scientists clone gene for inherited kidney stone disease
...al." Holmes said white men have the highest incidence
of kidney stonedisease, with 12-15 percent of the men in this group likely to have kidneystones sometime in their lifetimes. The peak in occurrence is in people duringtheir 40s and 50s. The research was funded by the National Institutes of He...
Smoking especially dangerous for individuals with gene that causes coronary artery spasm
...involved in a cooperative study to investigate the incidence
of the eNOS gene mutations in other countries. The drug, nitroglycerin can relieve the symptoms of spasms, but other treatments such as calcium antagonists and nitrates are useful for preventing spasms. "The impairment of the endothelium plays an...
Zinc reduces pneumonia by 41%, and diarrhea by up to 25%
... dietary zinc supplementation reduces pneumonia incidence
by 41% and diarrhea by as much as 25% according to a study published in the Journal of Pediatrics (Mosby) on December 6, 1999. To provide a complete and accurate summary of the effects of zinc supplementation on infectious diseases, Ro...
Study: avoiding vitamins A, E might improve cancer therapy
...ns A and E showed no benefit in either the size or incidence
of braintumors, Salganik said. They also had relatively short lives. "Interestingly and more importantly, in animals that received antioxidant-depleted diets, braintumors were significantly reduced in size because of induction of oxidant stress due ...
Common enzyme deficiency may jeopardize pregnancies
A hereditary enzyme deficiency increases the incidence
of fetal death and birth defects in mice, a discov...tive oxygen species, the embryonic death rates and incidence
of birth defects in the surviving fetuses went through the roof, although the mothers remained healt...
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