Tag: "india" at biology news

Indiana University, EPA to study airborne PCBs

BLOOMINGTON, Ind. -- The elevated PCB levels in U.S. lakes and rivers that led to hundreds of U.S. Environmental Protection Agency fish consumption advisories in 2003 may be the result of not only the toxin's persistence underground but also its diffusion through the air....... To investigate the phenomenon, the EPA announced today (Sept. 27) that it would continue its collaboration with Indiana...

As informatics grows, Indiana University helps set 'research agenda'

BLOOMINGTON, Ind. -- As an academic field, it's still very young. But informatics -- the study of information technology and its use -- has already had a palpable effect on people's lives. ... ..."In recent decades, technology has so enhanced our ability to gather data that the sheer volume of data now outstrips our capacity to deal with it," said Indiana University School of Informatics Dean J....

What actually influences air pollution over the Indian Ocean?

This release is also available in ......Using a combination of satellite observations and computer modelling, researchers of the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry have studied nitrogen oxides pollution over the Indian Ocean. They showed that the central Indian Ocean in the southern hemisphere is not always as pristine as found earlier during the winter monsoon period, but is polluted during the...

Origin of West Indian insect eater much older than previously thought

Researcher Mark Springer, a professor of biology at the University of California, Riverside, is part of a team that has traced the origins of the shrew-like Caribbean creatures, known as solenodons, to the Mesozoic era, making them contemporaries with the dinosaurs. ... ...Springer, with colleagues in Maryland, Brazil and the Dominican Republic, examined parts of the genome of solenodon...

World's largest scientific society convenes regional meeting June 2-4 in Indianapolis

... ...More than 460 research papers will be presented at the 36 Central regional meeting of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society, in Indianapolis, June 2-4. Approximately 800 scientists are expected to attend the meeting on the campus of Indiana University-Purdue University at Indianapolis. Topics of interest to the public include:...... ... ...... ...... Chemi...

OneWorld Health completes enrollment, treatment in Phase III India trial

San Francisco, Calif. May 18, 2004 The Institute for OneWorld Health, the first nonprofit pharmaceutical company in the U.S., announced today it has completed enrollment and treatment of 667 patients in India suffering from visceral leishmaniasis (VL), a deadly parasitic disease also known as kala azar. Funded largely by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the largest Phase III clinical trial...

Hopkins researchers identify transplantation antigens among Sioux Indians

Efforts to increase organ donation among Native Americans may get a boost from research by Johns Hopkins scientists that is identifying the specific genetic makeup of the HLA system of human transplantation antigens among different Indian tribes. HLAs, or human leukocyte antigens, are proteins on the surface of white blood cells and are used to determine the suitability of a match between an org...

First descriptions of Indiana bat maternity roosts in the southern US

In the June 30 issue of Southeastern Naturalist, USDA Forest Service (FS) and Tennessee Technological University (TTU) researchers provide the first descriptions of Indiana bat maternity habitat in the southeastern United States. Susan Loeb, project leader of the FS Southern Research Station (SRS) unit in Clemson, SC, co-authored the article with TTU's Dr. Michael Harvey and Eric Britzke. ... ......

Indiana University to become NASA base for space biology studies

BLOOMINGTON, Ind. -- Indiana University Bloomington will soon be the headquarters of one of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's new Astrobiology Institute "lead teams," which are research institutes working on projects related to the search for life beyond Earth.... ...Based at IU and involving 18 scientists from eight research institutions, the new Indiana-Princeton-Tennessee Ast...

Study says government counts of tigers in India are inaccurate

(MAY 29, 2003) A method used by India's government to count tigers for the past 30-plus years has produced largely inaccurate data, resulting in poor conservation practices, according to a study led by the New York-based Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), published in the latest issue of the journal Animal Conservation. The study was a collaboration among several leading ecologists from WCS, U...

Common Indian spice pigment can prevent onset of alcoholic liver disease, study finds

March 18, 2003 -- Bethesda, MD Despite numerous public education initiatives, alcohol abuse remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. It is estimated that in the United States as many as 10 percent of men and three percent of women may suffer from persistent problems related to the use of alcohol. Alcohol affects many organ systems of the body, but perhaps most af...

Genetically modified crops in India produced greater yields, reduced pesticide use, new study finds

Berkeley - Cotton crops in India that were genetically modified to resist insects produced dramatically increased yields and significantly reduced pesticide use compared with non-bioengineered crops, according to the results of farm trials reported by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, and the University of Bonn in Germany. ... ...The study, published Friday, Feb. 7, in the jo...

Prehistoric NW Indians hunted fur seals of sustainable basis

Archaeological evidence from prehistoric hunters in Washington and Alaska adds new fuel to the ongoing debate over the belief that humans have a propensity to over-exploit their natural resources, and also indicates that early Indians' harvest of northern fur seals was sustainable. ... "The research clearly indicates that over-exploitation is not a universal characteristic of subsistence economie...

Purdue, Indiana universities collaborate for better medicine

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. -- Purdue University and Indiana University School of Medicine researchers have launched a collaboration to increase knowledge of diseases and develop better treatments for humans and animals.... ...Scientists from Purdue's schools of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine and the IU School of Medicine are initiating the Program of Comparative Medicine through a $2 million, two...

Health of American Indians on decline before Columbus arrived in new world

COLUMBUS, Ohio The health of indigenous people in the... Western Hemisphere was on a downward trajectory long before... Columbus set foot in the Americas, researchers say.... ... The rise of agriculture is partly to... blame, said Richard Steckel, a... professor of economics and......

Natural compound used in India reduces cholesterol by blocking metabolism-controlling receptor

DALLAS May 3, 2002 - UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas researchers have helped prove that a naturally occurring compound used for centuries as a dietary supplement in India can help lower cholesterol levels.... ...The research, published in todays issue of Science and done in collaboration with Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, shows that guggulsterone blocks the FXR receptor, which...

Healing the waters: a holistic native American Indian approach

For the Pacific Northwest Indian tribes, integrating spirituality and science is a practical reality and a way to keep precious resources vibrant for future generations.... ...The tribes have been in this area for thousands of years and have relied on the nearby water for their mainstay of fish, clams, oysters, crabs, and mussels. They also found food in cattail tubers and the bulbs of water lil...

Healing the waters: A holistic Native American Indian approach

...For the Pacific Northwest Indian tribes, integrating spirituality and science is a practical reality and a way to keep precious resources vibrant for future generations. ...The tribes have been in this area for thousands of years and have relied on the nearby water for their mainstay of fish, clams, oysters, crabs, and mussels. They also found food in cattail tubers and the bulbs of water li...

Standing tall: Plains indians enjoyed height, health advantage

. . COLUMBUS, Ohio - Equestrian Indian tribes on the American. Plains in the late 1800s were the tallest people in the world,. suggesting that they were surprisingly well-nourished given. disease and their lifestyle, a new study found.. . These results contradict the modern....

Indian caste groups have differing genetic relationships to Europeans and Asians

.A new study of genetic data shows that the ancestors of Indian men came from different parts of the world than those of Indian women and produced modern upper caste Indian populations that are genetically more similar to Europeans and lower caste populations that are more similar to Asians. These findings support historical data suggesting that West Eurasians migrating into India during the l...

Scientists find link between Indian caste rank and genetic similarity to Europeans

.In India, members of higher ranking castes are genetically more similar to Europeans, while lower castes are more similar to Asians, according to a study published in this months issue of Genome Research.. .The study is from an international team led by Michael Bamshad (University of Utah) and is the most comprehensive attempt so far to explore the impact of ancient Western migrations on people...

Largest grant ever to Indiana U fuels Genomics Initiative

. $105 million grant from Lilly Endowment to IU fuels Indiana Genomics.Initiative. . .INDIANAPOLIS -- A $105 million grant from Lilly Endowment Inc. has positioned Indiana University to take a commanding.role in the promising field of genomics research. This is the largest single grant ever received by the university and the largest.single gift ever awarded by the Lilly Endowment.. .The Indiana...

Drinking during pregnancy: American Indians and African Americans

. . Most health campaigns recommend abstinence from alcohol during pregnancy.. Some women nonetheless continue to drink at relatively high levels while pregnant.. This study examines two groups considered most at-risk: American Indians and African Americans.. the study populations.. .Public health campaigns that recommend abstinence from alcohol during pregnancy have been, for the most part, su...

By all measurements -- Indiana's forests are growing

.The report card is in and the news is very good. Whether you measure acres of forestland, number of trees, or net growth, Indiana's forests are expanding.. .Tom Schmidt, Research Ecologist with the USDA Forest Service North Central Research Station explained, "the area of timberland in Indiana has been steadily increasing since the 1960's and now covers 19 percent of Indiana. In fact, a half-...

Wake Forest researcher finds high diabetes rate among Lumbee Indians

.WINSTON-SALEM, N.C. -- About nine percent of Lumbee Indians over 18 years of age.in Robeson County have been diagnosed with diabetes, compared to a statewide.diabetes rate of about five percent, according to Ronny Bell, Ph.D., M.S., of .Wake Forest University School of Medicine.. . "This higher rate of diabetes among the Lumbee validates what many people in.this area believe -- that diabetes...

Study indicates Indian Ocean monsoon similar to El Niño phenomenon in Pacific

.A research campaign in the Indian Ocean indicates there are ocean-atmosphere.interactions similar to El Niño events in the Pacific, but are not always tied.to El Niño as previously had been believed by climate researchers.. .Peter Webster, director of the University of Colorado at Boulder's Program in.Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, or PAOS, who is directing the project, said....

Ethnic clustering of male genes in India

.Can the rules of society, like those of nature, affect the genetic makeup of.human populations? In this month's issue of Genome Research, Nitai Pada.Bhattacharyya (Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics), Partha Majumder (Indian.Statistical Institute) and colleagues take a look at this issue by asking.whether social customs in India have restricted the flow of male genes between.ethnic populations....

Purdue helps Indiana companies with pollution dilemma

. WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. -- Engineers at Purdue University have shown in.preliminary findings that pollution associated with several key Indiana.industries could be reduced by more than 40 percent through an employee-training.program.. . The research is part of an effort to help companies comply with federal.environmental guidelines for emissions of styrene, a chemical compound used to.mak...

Massive pollution documented over Indian Ocean

. An international group of scientists has documented widespread pollution.covering about 100 million square kilometers of the tropical Indian Ocean --.roughly the same area as the continental United States. This finding by.scientists participating in the Indian Ocean Experiment (INDOEX) raises serious.questions about what impact the extensive pollution is having on climate.processes and...

Seabed Silt In Indian Ocean Consists Of Remains Of Summer Plankton

.Almost 90% of the silt on the floor of the Indian Ocean consists of the remains .of plankton that bloomed in the course of the summer monsoon. This has been .discovered by earth scientists at the NWO's Netherlands Institute for Sea .Research (NIOZ). Their study involved the use of automated sediment traps in .which flows of marine material were caught while settling to the deep ocean .floor. Be...

INDOEX Researchers Document The Impact Of Pollutants On Climate Processes Over The Tropical Indian Ocean

.. .An international team of scientists, among them various groups from the Max.Planck Institute for Chemistry, is conducting the Indian Ocean Experiment.(INDOEX) to study how air pollution affects climate processes over the tropical.Indian Ocean. Asia and the Indian subcontinent, which together have a population.of over 2 billion people, emit large quantities of pollutants that can be.carried t...

NCAR Scientists, Aircraft, Instruments Head To Indian Ocean For Climate ChangeExperiment; UCAR Directs Operations

...BOULDER--How much do sulfate aerosols--a form of pollution--cool the...climate? That's one of the most pressing questions for understanding...global climate change. To help find the answer, the National Center for...Atmospheric Research (NCAR) has sent researchers, instruments, and a C-...130 research aircraft owned by the National Science Foundation (NSF) to...the $25-million Indian Ocean Ex...

Ancient Volcanic Cataclysms Discovered In The Indian Ocean

. Scientists from the largely National Science Foundation (NSF)-supported.Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) have completed an expedition to one of the most.remote places on Earth, the Kerguelen Plateau. The results of their expedition.will shed new light on how and when continents formed and broke apart millions.of years ago. . The international team of 45 scientists conducted their re...

Hopkins Scientists' Sequencing Of AIDS Virus From India Waves A Red Flag For Vaccine Developers

. Scientists at Johns Hopkins and in India report they have sequenced the.complete genome of a form of HIV, the AIDS virus, from that country for the.first time. The work has revealed unexpected variation in genes for one key.part of the virus, prompting the researchers to suggest that currently favored.approaches to vaccine development may not work. . . The achievement, reporte...

Water Quality In Indiana's White River Basin Affected By Urban And Agricultural Activities

. Water quality in the White River Basin is impacted by urban and .agricultural activities, according to the results of a five-year .investigation by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Department of the .Interior. . A variety of pesticides used for agricultural or urban uses were commonly .found in streams throughout the White River Basin. In contrast, only a .few pesticides were found in ground...

Strange South American Fossil Mammals Found In Madagascar And India

A strange group of fossil mammals, heretofore only known in South .America, has been discovered on the island of Madagascar and in India. .The unexpected discoveries were announced in this week's issue of the .journal by an international team of researchers. The team was funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and led by .paleontologist David Krause of the State University of New Yor...
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