Tag: "infants" at biology news

Indonesia launches nationwide program to protect newborns against hepatitis B

...s an acute infection but is rarelyfatal. However, infants infected during birth or shortly thereafter oftenb...supported by CVP. Results showed the percentage of infants receivingthe vaccine within seven days of birth jumped from less than 5 percent to 52percent on aver...

Celebrex may be safe for preterm labor, preliminary study finds

...n deaths not related to birth defects, and preterm infants often experience life-long complications. Indomethacin, one of the standard drugs used to treat preterm labor, prevents the production of a type of protein called cyclo-oxygenase (COX), which is thought to play a critical role in the onset of preter...

Compounds prevent alcohol's disruption of important developmental process

...e United States, FAS affects about 1 in 1,000 U.S. infants and about 6 percent of children born to alcoholic women....

Long-term studies show most intersex adults happy with gender assignments at birth

...people 21 years of age or older seen at Hopkins as infants or children with genital ambiguity. The patients all had a genetically male, XY genotype and a genetic intersex syndrome that causes the abnormal formation of an extremely small phallus, with the urethral opening on the underside, where it would be l...

Bone marrow cells may contribute to growth of new blood vessels in newborns

...ist in blood vessel development. For example, some infants develop benign tumors of the blood vessels known as hemangiomas that can be very dangerous says Folkman. "This study suggests that endothelial cells may be trafficking into those tumors, enabling them to grow. Perhaps by measuring the number of endot...

New UNC study suggests multivitamin use during pregnancy cuts childhood tumor risk

... Center. "It is the most common tumor diagnosed in infants and is usually diagnosed in children under age 3. Typically, fewer than 50 percent of affected patients live five years following diagnosis." Olshan and colleagues identified 538 children with neuroblastoma in 139 U.S. and Canadian hospitals that be...

Brain damage in infants not always tied to delivery

...cal history." The Hopkins study, of nearly 22,000 infants born over an 11-year period, found that only one o...iewed their umbilical cord acid levels. Of the 13 infants who had seizures, one had abnormal chromosomes and was excluded from further study. The remaining d...

When mistreated children act out later in life: Brain gene may play a role, study says

..., recording a wide range of information on all the infants born within one year in a certain hospital. The study expanded its scope as it followed the children through later years. Unlike a study of people in prison or in a medical setting, this group represents a complete cross section of a population, Mof...

Researchers develop mouse model of Rett syndrome

...tating for families with affected children because infants are seemingly normal at birth and achieve the usua...eloping nervous system during a crucial stage when infants are learning to sit up, walk, and begin language acquisition, said Zoghbi. To understand the molec...

Genetic studies shed light on the malaria parasite's origins and drug resistance

...n people annually. One to 2 million people, mostly infants and children, die of the disease each year. The number of cases of malaria worldwide is increasing, mainly because of the evolution of drug-resistant parasites. Debate regarding the genetic diversity and origin of the parasite has been ongoing sin...

ICSI: Is it really safe?

... as for normally conceived children - 8.6% of 301 infants conceived with ICSI and 9% of IVF children compared with 4.2% of normally conceived babies. "However, a major problem with this study was that it contained only a small number of ICSI and IVF children," said Dr Wennerholm. At the same time, a recent ...

Gene therapy may offer release from sterile isolation for patients lacking immune systems

...roposition in many countries. Approximately 30-50 infants with ADA-SCID are born each year, but only a small...used blood stem cells in gene therapy to treat two infants with SCID X1, a variation of the disease caused by a mutation on the X chromosome....

UT Southwestern researchers discover better tests to detect congenital syphilis in newborns

...rst to accurately assess diagnostic evaluations of infants for the possibility of central nervous system inva...rrelated with the detection of the organism in the infants cerebrospinal fluid, and, therefore, the tests could serve as predictors of CNS infection. This work...

Study suggests infants 'tune in' to familiar face groups

...in's ability to perceive faces normally narrows as infants develop. The findings may help guide the treatment...n author of the paper. Nelson had proposed that as infants gain experience viewing faces, their brains--especially a certain area of the cerebral cortex known ...

Baby brains learn to 'tune in' faces, Science authors say

...re new visages. They discovered that six-month old infants easily distinguish between individual humans and i...apart other monkeys. Whether this was the case for infants with little experience with either species inspired the researchers to conduct several tests. Two i...

Molecular 'motor' drives rotavirus replication

...s, the major cause of life-threatening diarrhea in infants worldwide, said Baylor College of Medicine researchers. In the May 16 issue of the journal Nature, Baylor's Dr. B.V. Venkataram Prasad and graduate student Hariharan Jayaram and their collaborators for the first time described the atomic stru...

Study finds new reason for smokers to keep this unhealthy habit away from infants/children

...e surfactant synthesis system has occurred. These infants with severe lung dysfunction are now treated with synthetic surfactant. Surfactant production is also perturbed in smokers and perhaps in those exposed to second hand or side-stream cigarette smoke. Methodology This study was designed to test the hyp...

Of 101 neonates at a New Jersey hospital, 40 percent test positive for drugs of abuse

...rs utilized an investigational product to test 101 infants born at UMDNJ/NJMS for the presence of drugs of ab...rom April 20-24, 2002. Methodology A total of 101 infants were included in the study that was conducted over a three-month period conducted in 1998. The ident...

Anthrax drugs used to treat adults can treat children, too

... study linked bone growth inhibition in premature infants to the use of tetracyclines. Growth rates returned to normal, however, once tetracycline treatment was stopped. "There haven't been any further reports of doxycycline-induced ...

Scientists discuss microbial pathogenesis in era of bioterrorism, drug resistance

... genital herpes lesions, and blindness or death of infants born to mothers with an active genital herpes infection. Looking slightly further down the road, she says that the transporter mechanism will be a good vehicle to carry desired genes to the cellular DNA in gene therapy. Understanding the traffic a...

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