Tag: "infections" at biology news
UCI scientists successfully target key HIV protein; breakthrough may lead to new drug therapies
...ody's immune system, making the body vulnerable to infections
and certain cancers. Symptoms of acute HIV infection may include fever, headache, fatigue and enlarged lymph nodes. The virus is spread most commonly by having unprotected sex with an infected person. Funded by the Arnold and Mabel Beckman Foundation...
Anthrax enzyme images reveal secrets of antibiotic resistance, suggest new drug design
...ad-spectrum antibiotic to treat a variety of other infections
that are becoming resistant to these drugs. The te...ensure we will have effective treatments for these infections
in the years ahead."...
'Smart antibiotics' may result from UCLA research
...t bacterium." The use of bacteriophage to treat infections
is not in itself a new idea. "Phage therapy has be...ell. There is the potential for treating bacterial infections
using genetically engineered phages that will efficiently overcome bacterial resistance." Bacteri...
Scientists discover potential new way to control drug-resistant bacteria
...f genetically engineered phages to treat bacterial infections
that have become resistant to antibiotics. "This serendipitous finding underscores the importance of basic research," says Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., director of NIAID. "With our increased understanding of how bacteriophages work, we can potentiall...
USC study links historical increases in life span to lower childhood exposure to infection
...t didn't die got chronic infections. Those chronic infections
from childhood onward accelerated vascular and other diseases," he said. Finch and Crimmins, holder of the Edna M. Jones Chair in Gerontology, studied data on the health and mortality rates of people born in Sweden from 1751 to 1940. Grouping t...
Ecology of infectious diseases grants awarded
... rainforest birds; ecological influences on rabies infections
in bats; the epidemiological dynamics of cholera; and the eco-epidemiology of disease emergence in urban areas....
First glimpse of DNA binding to viral enzyme
...hly contagious viral pink eye. Some adenovirus eye infections
lead to blindness. Respiratory epidemics of adenovirus are often prevalent on army bases. And in patients with compromised immune systems, such as those infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), an opportunistic adenovirus infection can be de...
Screen siblings, parents of infants with severe heart abnormalities
... with this disorder are predisposed to heart valve infections
and a narrowing of the valve later in life. Approximately 0.9 percent of people in the general population have bicuspid aortic valve, but the rate among brothers, sisters and parents of these infants is five times greater, said Belmont. ...
Pneumococcal vaccine reduces ear infections, pneumonia, new study shows
...ence that it helped control other illnesses. Ear infections
(otitis media) and pneumonia are common infections
in children; there are more than seven million cases of ear infection and more than one half million...
Streptococcus infects humans by thwarting blood clotting
...ight ultimately be possible to tailor treatment of infections
to the pattern of genetic variability in clotting genes or other pathogenicity factors," said Ginsburg....
Strep disrupts blood clotting to infect humans
...lain why some people are more susceptible to strep infections
than others. ...
UC Irvine scientists to develop vaccine to combat bioterrorism threat from deadly bacteria
...nd chest pain. The disease can result in pulmonary infections
ranging from mild bronchitis to severe pneumonia. Some patients also suffer septic shock. "We can learn from what is happening in Thailand, where melioidosis is causing many people to die from septic shock," said Felgner. "An outbreak of the disease...
JGI announces community sequencing program portfolio
...-borne pathogen that is implicated in thousands of infections
in the U.S. alone. Sequencing of an antibiotic resistant form of this organism will inform how antibiotic resistance occurs. Sequencing of groundwater samples from contaminated sites within the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Y12 Security Complex. Th...
Managing occupational exposures to potential bioterrorist agents
...fact that there were only five laboratory acquired infections
is an indicator of the success of our biosafety an...recent experience with data on laboratory acquired infections
during the offensive biological warfare research program conducted by the U.S. between 1943 and 1969...
Improved nutrition could reduce malaria burden worldwide
... in exacerbating diarrheal disease and respiratory infections
is well known, scientific evidence has been mixed regarding its role in malaria infection," explained lead author Laura E. Caulfield, PhD, an associate professor with the Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Human Nutrition. "Despite the fa...
Nucleic acid-amplification testing further safeguards nation's blood supply
...event the transmission of approximately five HIV-1 infections
and 56 hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections
each year since it began being used in the United States as an investigational screening test in mid...
Gene linked to cleft lip and palate identified
...owing, and speaking, and are prone to frequent ear infections
that can lead to hearing loss. Depending on the severity of the cleft, dental problems may also occur. Surgical repair is an important part of treatment for oral clefts, but is not a complete solution for many children. Isolated clefts are associ...
Protective gene may enhance vaccine responses
...the duration of an immune response against chronic infections
or to focus the power of the immune system on tumor cells, targets that have thus far been quite elusive." The researchers began by screening approximately 11,000 genes from mouse T cells, to find the small number of genes that were more active in th...
Jefferson Lab detector technology aids development of cystic fibrosis therapy
...is patients, who are already battling chronic lung infections
and inflammation. "If we deliver a virus to the lungs, even if it's a hollow virus, it will initiate an inflammatory response, making the patient even sicker. So that's the last thing we need in the cystic fibrosis patient," Lee says. Lee and ...
Rutgers-Newark scientist: Mosquitoes may carry lethal parasite
...e approaches to avoid mosquito bites and resultant infections
in addition to her brush-then-squash technique, which moves any B. algerae in a mosquito's body away from the vulnerable wound site. If people are concerned about spraying insect repellents containing DEET on their skin, they can wear lightweight, lo...
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