Tag: "intake" at biology news

Highlights of the October 2004 Journal of the American Dietetic Association

...eating a salad as a first course had any effect on intake of the main meal. The results of t...ng a first course, reduced the women's meal energy intake by 12 percent. The researchers concluded: "Consuming a large portion of a low-energy-dense food at t...

Lycopene slows human prostate tumour growth in mice and combined with vitamin E is even better

...iological studies have already indicated that high intake of lycopene a carotinoid that gives the red colour to tomatoes and other fruits is associated with a reduced risk of prostate cancer. But, these observational findings have now been underpinned by new research demonstrating a beneficial effect in h...

Winning combination to build bone density in children

...d development. It is widely accepted that calcium intake and physical activity are two ways one can positiv...gdom, suggest that the combination of high calcium intake and vigorous exercise is the key to optimal increases in bone density. Few studies have examined ...

Fortifying food with folic acid benefits babies

...that all women of childbearing age increased their intake of this vitamin. Dr. Catherine McCourt, from the P... that the food fortification increased the dietary intake of folic acid in the studied women of childbearing age by 70 micrograms/day, on average. The blood f...

Females may be more susceptible to overindulge 'sweet tooth' cravings than males

...s reduced in both sexes of rats, but the caloric intake reduction associated with the exercise was much le...in Press). Abstract Rats increased their caloric intake when fed a diet containing greater fat or sugar than that found in regular laboratory chow. Because ...

New research suggests early diet may play key role in protecting against childhood leukaemia

...e of childhood leukaemia in Britain, since dietary intake of both turmeric and fresh fruit are higher today than 100 years ago, they do provide important clues as to the aetiology of the disease, as well as offering up possibilities for prevention. The increasing incidence combined with emerging concerns a...

New research suggests link between maternal diet and childhood leukemia risk

...o pregnancy, researchers found that the higher the intake of vegetables, fruit and foods in the protein group, the lower the risk of having a child with leukemia. One of the more surprising results of the study is the emergence of protein sources, such as beef and beans, as a beneficial food group in low...

Flame retardants found on supermarket shelves

...minary, they suggest that food is a major route of intake for PBDEs, Schecter says. The researchers recently reported high levels of PBDEs in breast milk of 47 women in Dallas and Austin the highest levels found in the world to date. They selected three major supermarket chains in Dallas for the new stu...

Select research highlights from current AACR journals

...to increased risk for ovarian cancer, while higher intake of total vegetables and cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, and supplementation of E, beta-carotene and B-complex vitamins was associated with reduced risk of ovarian cancer according to a study of diets reported by more than 2,500 Canadian wome...

APS awards more than $140,000 to minority students of physiology

...nvestigating the effects of increased dietary salt intake on microcirculation. Her research will give insight on the mechanism of hypertension due to high levels of salt. Jessica Clark University of Arizona The focus of Ms. Clark's research is epidermal growth factor (EGF) and its role in protecting the...

Genes can influence both alcohol consumption and dependence

... found that variation in long-term average alcohol intake is almost entirely due to genetic differences. Some genes affect both alcohol intake and dependence, while others affect only dependence. Even though alcohol consumption and alcohol ...

Infant rats eagerly accept high concentrations of alcohol upon first exposure

... more attractive, and also results in some alcohol intake through inhalation or the skin. Alcohol is also given medicinally to infants in some cultures, placed in the fussy infant's bottle. In addition, exposure to alcohol's odor is likely when parents drink; it is known that this makes alcohol's odor mor...

Flame retardant levels much higher in farmed salmon

... found in all salmon, consumers should limit their intake of farmed salmon and wild Chinook. They should also insist that all salmon be clearly labeled to indicate its source, the researchers say. From the data in their earlier study on PCBs and dioxins, the researchers recommended eating two meals of farme...

Study links high carbohydrate diet to increased breast cancer risk

...o derived 57 or more percent of their total energy intake from carbohydrates incurred a risk of breast cance...d by higher consumption of carbohydrates and lower intake of fat and animal protein than those in more affluent western countries. The team of researchers f...

Two enzymes key to calorie-burning, Brown research shows

...itary gland and the thyroid. The end result: Food intake is inhibited. The body burns more calories. PC1 and PC2 perform their crucial protein-cutting function not only on the chemical forerunner of TRH, but on several metabolic brain messengers, researchers say. These include insulin, the hormone that con...

Parents are top influence on soft-drink consumption among kids

...findings, researchers found: Parental soft drink intake has a stronger influence than children's peers. Pa...tion was higher among boys compared with girls and intake increased with age. Ninety-six percent of respondents said that they liked or strongly like the...

Researchers uncover surprising degree of large-scale variation in the human genome

...hat is directly involved in the regulation of food intake and body weight. According to the study, a relationship between CNPs and susceptibility to health problems such as neurological disease, cancer, and obesity is an intriguing possibility. The study revealed considerable structural variation in th...

Was Atkins right?

...study involving male rats has found that a protein intake of three times the requirements did not produce an...sought to estimate the consequences of a long-term intake of high levels of protein in an obesity-prone rat strain. The results showed that the long-term effe...

Researchers discuss revised Food Guide Pyramid and what it will mean for the food industry

...aphic will help motivate consumers to put the food intake patterns into practice in order to improve their food choices. To accomplish this CNPP plans to develop and implement a system that includes focused messages and individualized educational tools. It is envisioned that the system will be delivered t...

Italian research links diet with endometriosis risk

...alcohol and coffee consumption. "We divided their intake into portions approximating to low, intermediate and high intake of the various dietary factors [2] . What we found was that there was a 40% relative reduction in ri...

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