Tag: "intake" at biology news
Ancient DNA mutations permitted humans to adapt to colder climates, UCI researchers find
...egenerative diseases," Wallace said. "The caloric intake
and local climate of many individuals are out of balance with their genetic history. Thus, our genetic history is linked to our current diseases, resulting in the new field of evolutionary medicine." One link would be the production of oxygen radica...
JCI table of contents, January 2, 2004
... GH, and IGF-1 regulation and how they affect food intake
and insulin sensitivity. TITLE: Inhibition of growth hormone action improves insulin sensitivity in liver IGF-1deficient mice AUTHOR CONTACT: Derek LeRoith National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, B...
MIT helps unlock life-extending secrets of calorie restriction
...dding light on why drastically restricting calorie intake
prolongs life span in some organisms, MIT researchers report in the Jan. 1 issue of Genes & Development that lowering the level of a common coenzyme activates an anti-aging gene in yeast. Calorie restriction extends life span in a wide spectrum of or...
Teenage pregnancy may put girls at risk for osteoporosis
... this research group also found that a low calcium intake
limits fetal bone growth in pregnant teens. Investigators say that more studies are needed to determine the long-term impact of early pregnancy and breastfeeding on a girl's ability to reach peak bone mass. "By characterizing the rates of calcium abs...
Alcohol exposure in pre- and early post-natal stages may cause insulin resistance
...ven the same volume of water. Body weight and food intake
were recorded daily. From day 1 postpartum until weaning, one of the two groups that were not given EtOH during gestation was given EtOH, while the other groups were given water. Average litter size was 14 for each of the three groups. Male offspring...
Inflammation of fat cells linked to obesity-related insulin resistance
... in fat mass are associated with changes in energy intake
and storage, insulin sensitivity, and metabolism. However the molecular pathways underlying a link between chronic inflammation and insulin resistance are unknown. In the December 15 issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation two studies from ind...
Scripps Research receives $3 million anonymous donation
...urological effects of alcohol and reduce excessive intake
or relapse. "Once we know the circuits and the basis for alcoholism, we can develop new targeted treatments," says Koob. "There are a number of possible neurotransmitter candidates to focus on." One of these, called gamma amino butyric acid (GABA),...
JCI table of contents, December 15 2003
... in fat mass are associated with changes in energy intake
and storage, insulin sensitivity, and metabolism. ...s tightly controlled despite variations in dietary intake
and body demand. In the December 15 issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation Ren Bindels and c...
NASA scientists discover spring thaw makes a difference
...al to alter the cycle ofatmospheric carbon dioxide intake
and release by vegetation and soils across the region, potentially resulting in changes in Earth's climate. The lengthening growing season appears tobe promoting more carbon uptake by the vegetation than is being released into the atmosphere for the ...
Atkins diet may reduce seizures in children with epilepsy
...e patient should be instructed to increase calorie intake
by eating more fats and proteins. In the Hopkins ...se of the Atkins diet (20 grams/day). Carbohydrate intake
was gradually increased for some patients. Five out of the six patients attained ketosis (the state ...
A human hormone, combined with a full stomach, offers clues for understanding our food intake
...esearchers conclude that CCK's suppression of food intake
is enhanced when the stomach is distended. Back...ly and for both sexes together. In all analyses of intake
and duration, a probability of 0.05 was deemed statistically significant. The Bonferroni procedure w...
OHSU researchers reveal relationship between weight gain and female hormones
...ese hormones resulted in a 67 percent jump in food intake
and a 5 percent jump in weight in a matter of week... argues against the commonly held belief that food intake
at night results in weight gain. "Time and time again we've been told that eating late at night sho...
Dietary supplement many not lower prostate cancer risk
...he effect was most apparent when the animals' food intake
was modestly restricted. The study was published in the Nov. 4 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. "Our findings strongly suggest that risks of poor dietary habits cannot be reversed simply by taking a pill," says study co-author S...
Role in Type 1 diabetes provides clue for researchers who discovered 'obesity gene'
...ir GAD2 genes had more difficulty controlling food intake
as measured by a standard survey of eating behavio... genes and environmental factors, such as nutrient intake
and physical activity. Lernmark said he hopes there will be further research on genetic connections ...
Lifestyle changes clinically effective
...at in the low fat diet. Researchers measured food intake
and body weight throughout the 23-week study. Aft...70 age-matched, unaffected control women. Dietary intake
was determined through the completion of an in-depth food frequency questionnaire, which recorded su...
Highlights of the October 2003 Journal of the American Dietetic Association
...art of a daily routine, in addition to an adequate intake
of calcium and bone-related nutrients, should be an important goal for maintaining or improving bone health for women of all ages. "To help prevent osteoporosis and low bone mineral density, women should make physical activity a regular part of the...
Adult alcoholism and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder are connected
...h ADHD had a significantly higher daily and record intake
of alcohol per month, an earlier age of onset of alcohol dependence, a higher frequency of thoughts about suicide, a greater number of court proceedings, and a greater occurrence of APD. Thus, despite the lack of support for a common genetic predispo...
World's largest scientific society holds regional meeting in Long Beach, Calif.
...ntaminated water interferes with the body's iodine intake
and inhibits human thyroid production. The researcher will discuss new forensic techniques to help trace the contaminants. 9:55 a.m. Tooth enamel biomarker for assessing heavy metal exposure Childhood exposure to high levels of lead has been linke...
Roderick MacKinnon wins 2003 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
...cture of a pore that allows cells to control their intake
of potassium ions. By determining the structure of the potassium pore, or channel, MacKinnon and his colleagues at The Rockefeller University had solved a riddle that has perplexed biophysicists for decades: How does a potassium channel admit million...
Chronic pain: treatment, rehabilitation, and quality of life
...pleted the Pain Outcomes Questionnaire-VA (POQ-VA) intake
items during their inpatient admission or initial outpatient appointment. Results of this project support the reliability, validity, and clinical use of the POQ-VA for evaluating the effectiveness of pain treatment for veterans experiencing chronic n...
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