Tag: "lines" at biology news

AAAS US Presidential Candidates' Forum

...nt ban on federal funding of research on stem cell lines created after August 2001. "Right now, more than 100 million Americans suffer from illnesses that one day could be wiped away with stem-cell therapy, including cancer, Parkinson's, diabetes, and other debilitating diseases." President Bush is in favo...

HHMI, NIBIB/NIH to invest up to $35 million in interdisciplinary Ph.D. programs

...ill prepare scientists to work across disciplinary lines to solve complex biomedical problems. "We're looking for training programs that provide strategies to eliminate or lower barriers between seemingly disparate scientific disciplines," said Peter J. Bruns, HHMI vice president for grants and spe...

Wisconsin scientists develop quick botox test

...widely used in cosmetic procedures to smooth frown lines and wrinkles. Last year, Chapman's group identified the mechanism by which the toxin enters cells. Inside the cell, the toxin targets three key proteins, which are essential for mediating the release of chemical signals from neurons and that governs ...

UMaine anthropologist wins Solon T. Kimball Award

... "The ease with which he works across disciplinary lines such as anthropology and economics reflects the spirit of the Kimball Award and the career of Solon Kimball as well," Burns writes. "His work truly contributes to the development of anthropology as an applied science, and his commitment to working in...

No role for simian virus 40 in human pleural mesotheliomas

...pletely absent." Their study presents multiple lines of evidence against the proposed link between SV40 and human mesotheliomas. As part of their ongoing research into the biology of human pleural mesothelioma, this team of MSKCC investigators searched for SV40 DNA, RNA, or protein in frozen tissue sam...

Brown ecologist garners major National Science Foundation grant

...e differences. The team will then create new plant lines that differ only by a single gene, allowing them to understand the role each variation plays in reproduction. Based on all this data, researchers will create computer models to predict when plants will flower and which will thrive in certain regions....

New way to protect brain from stroke damage

...oke damage, they found. "Our study offers multiple lines of evidence that reveal acid-sensing ion channels as major players in the damage suffered by stroke victims," Xiong said. "Furthermore, we found that existing pharmacologic agents that block those channels can dramatically reduce the amount of brain ...

Peering inside the body, with a new spinliterally

...es small magnetic fields that broaden the spectral lines so much that information about those fine details is lost. Wind's slow-spin technique, which can generate detailed spectra from these boundary regions, takes advantage of a quirk in NMR. NMR generates a spectral signature of compounds in a sample bas...

Researchers identify distinctive signature for metastatic prostate cancer

... found we could interconvert the two kinds of cell lines in mice," said Beachy. "Whereas the high-metastatic lines were normally rapidly lethal in the mice, we could prolong survival essentially indefinitely by givi...

Computer models expose humans as main cause of caribou decline

...to be and are no longer cut in straight lines. The lines are also reseeded shortly after being cut. Research is being conducted to see if these measures lessen the impact on the caribou. However, whether these measures prove effective or not, Weclaw believes that even more needs to be done to ensure the co...

Study of flu patients reveals virus outsmarting key drug

...ruses can easily and quickly thwart one of the few lines of defense for a disease that claims many lives each year and that, in a pandemic, is among the world's most feared and deadly diseases. "The importance of this work is that when a pandemic occurs with a new virus and this drug is extensively used, ...

Protein fishing in America: The movie

...her proteins much like fly-fishermen flicker their lines against water, or so a current leading theory holds. The repeated weak slapping of protein surfaces against one-another is the critical first step in a chain of events that rule all subsequent cellular behavior. But this vital exchange between single...

Regular physical activity really does boost immune system in older men

...mostly men, are fond of saying something along the lines of, "I feel like a 25-year-old." As it turns out, judging by the reaction strength of their immune system to an unknown, but harmless, protein antigen, it's possible for men over 70 to mount an immune response similar to that produced by much younge...

Anticancer drug zebularine specifically targets tumor cells

...ompared them to its effects on four different cell lines of normal human fibroblasts, which are cells that produce collagen fibers and retain an ability to differentiate and grow. The difference between tumor cells and normal fibroblasts is that the growth of tumor cells tends to continue unchecked. What t...

Researchers find clues about how antibodies specialize

...at can lead to cancer. In recent years, these two lines of investigation--immunology and cancer -- have intersected and informed each other....

Restoring sweetgrass to the South Carolina lowcountry

...The willingness of the basket makers to open these lines of communication and to learn to manage the sweetgrass themselves opens up more possibilities for managing this resource in the future."...

Other highlights in the August 18 JNCI

...'s prognosis. In a new study of neuroblastoma cell lines and tumor samples, Manel Esteller, M.D., Ph.D., of the Spanish National Cancer Centre in Madrid, and colleagues found that by looking at the hypermethylation status--an indicator of whether a gene is turned on or off--of the promoters of several tumo...

JCI table of contents, 16 August, 2004

...ers found that MIC-expressing prostate cancer cell lines were able to activate natural killer cells, thus, initially, this defense mechanism appeared intact. Analysis of prostate tumor biopsies showed that the cell surface localization of MIC was highest in early-stage tumors. The researchers noted that tu...

MICs shed light on prostate cancer

...ers found that MIC-expressing prostate cancer cell lines were able to activate natural killer cells, thus, initially, this defense mechanism appeared intact. Analysis of prostate tumor biopsies showed that the cell surface localization of MIC was highest in early-stage tumors. The researchers noted that tu...

Ovarian cancer sheds tumor suppression with loss of estrogen receptor

...ne for ER beta was replaced in ovarian cancer cell lines that no longer expressed the estrogen-triggered nu...tor. The ER beta reintroduced into the cancer cell lines did not share the classic functions attributed to estrogen receptors, including induction of progest...

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(Date:10/30/2014)... day provide new treatments for injuries and damage to ... Cartilage, for example, is a hard material that caps ... smoothly. UC Davis biomedical engineers, exploring ways to toughen ... the body, report new developments this week in the ... . , "The problem with engineered tissue is that ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... , A mathematical model developed by NIH grantees predicts ... to prevent HIV infection via vaginal sex, whereas just ... infection via anal sex. This finding helps explain why ... PrEP, in women failed to show efficacy. Participants in ... of Truvada and tenofovir (another antiretroviral) for HIV prevention ...
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