Tag: "melanoma" at biology news
Study sheds light on how the sun causes skin cancer
... parts of the body. However, if caught early, many melanoma
lesions can be effectively treated surgically. The discovery that UV radiation triggers melanoma
formation by dismantling a specific pathway inside the skin's pigment-producing cells, or melanocyte...
Presence of certain tumor markers for melanoma could signal best results for vaccine
...ided a major clue why a certain subset of advanced melanoma
patients, about 10 percent of these patients, surv...ve-specific immunotherapy such as vaccines against melanoma
may be particularly effective in this same group of patients." More than 40,000 new cases and 7,000 ...
Promising biomarker for melanoma is identified
...molecular signature, may help identify people with melanoma
who have a better prognosis and longer life-expect...unt of a molecule called HDM2 in tissue samples of melanoma
from patients who were treated and followed at New York University Medical Center from November 1972...
Food pathogen vector shows promise against cancer
...hese bad bugs can create a powerful vector against melanoma
challenged mice. For the last four decades, resear... study, researchers injected mice with a strain of melanoma
tagged with ovalbumin, a harmless protein known to generate a strong immune response. Ovalbumin had ...
Treating precancerous breast cells may prevent onset of cancer
...ue sarcoma, breast cancer, leukemia, osteosarcoma, melanoma
and colorectal cancers. "To effectively treat or prevent cancer, it is important to understand the nature of how cells progress into the disease," explained Brittney-Shea Herbert, Ph.D., cell biologist at The University of Texas Southwestern Medic...
Use of vitamin A cream may prevent skin cancer
...ccording the American Cancer Society. The rate of melanoma
mortality in men has recently increased, but has b...frican-Americans. The five-year survival rate for melanoma
is 89 percent; about 82 percent of melanomas are diagnosed at a localized stage....
Unraveling the genetics behind melanoma and colon cancer
...lso found that Nr-CAM is highly expressed in human melanoma
cells and colon cancer tissue. These multiple lines of evidence strongly suggest that Nr-CAM is a novel b- and g-catenin target gene whose expression contributes to tumorigenesis. Further research will be aimed at elucidating the mechanism of Nr-CAM...
'Obesity sleuths' find chronic diseases linked to behavior contrary our DNA
... and 72 percent, respectively, higher incidence of melanoma
than those exercising five to seven days a week. Cardiovascular Diseases Heart disease, coronary artery disease, angina, and myocardial infarction: Undertaking a moderate-intensity physical activity would prevent 250,000 deaths each year, 12 ...
Making the most of lymphopenia
...existing tumors. They performed their studies with melanoma
and carcinoma tumors and found that they could be inhibited from growth by the onetwo punch of tumor and T cell injections following lymphopenia. The article "T cell homeostatic proliferation elicits effective antitumor autoimmunity" is authored by W...
Natural resistance of pigment cells to sunlight may make deadly skin cancer tough to treat
... estimated 53,600 Americans will be diagnosed with melanoma
this year and 4,700 Americans will die from the di...th the BCL2 gene both in normal melanocytes and in melanoma
cells, increasing the amount of BCL2 protein being made, and activating cell survival. McGill and ot...
'Trojan horse' technology destroys blood supply to cancer tumors in mice
...tern. For the study, mice were injected with human melanoma
and human prostate cancer cells. The research show...cts of the VEGF/rGel fusion construct against both melanoma
and human prostate cancer in mouse models was impressive in magnitude and prolonged," Dr. Thorpe sai...
Freezing cancer cells makes them prime targets for anti-cancer drug, new study finds
...f the freeze zone. In the study, researchers froze melanoma
cells in such a way as to mimic the conditions in this outer rim, both in the rate of cooling and in temperature. During freezing, the cells were treated with bleomycin in trace concentrations that ranged from 5 micromoles per liter to as low as 10 n...
Brookhaven Lab scientist wins Environmental Mutagen Society Award
...s using tropical fish, which, like humans, develop melanoma
from exposure to sunlight, this surprising discovery contradicted the long-held belief that only short ultraviolet light wavelengths were potentially harmful. Currently, Setlow is working with Japanese collaborators on NASA-funded research to estimat...
U-M scientists find new genetic marker for prostate cancer
...n, breast, bladder, lung, renal cell, lymphoma and melanoma
with the highest amounts present in colorectal and prostate cancer. Research on the genetic and molecular profile of prostate cancer using DNA microarray analysis is part of a major initiative underway in the U-Ms Comprehensive Cancer Center. Its g...
Rush opens tissue and cell lab to produce cellular products
...afety trials designed for patients with renal cell melanoma
and lymphoma. The Elmer and Sylvia Sramek Charita...s, while NK-92 is used to treat kidney cancers and melanoma
of the skin.One of the first cell therapy treatments to be studied will be with NK-92 cells grown in...
New mouse model enables studies of heart, brain and spinal cord
.... It even is implicated in some cancers, including melanoma
and the more rare alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma. "It's thought its abnormal expression may allow tumor cells to survive, so when control of PAX-3 is misregulated, you can have tumors," Dr. Conway said. "We already have a mouse that has no PAX-3 but un...
New England Journal of Medicine highlights survival benefit of new treatment for non-Hodgkins lymphoma
...d is the 3rd fastest growing form of cancer behind melanoma
of the skin and lung cancer. NHL is a more common form of blood cancer than leukaemia and approximately 55% of cases of NHL are categorised as aggressive. It is expected that MabThera will receive approval from the European health authorities to trea...
Hammering cancer cell survivin
...itional chemotherapeutic, cisplatin, to kill human melanoma
cells in culture. This finding is particularly interesting in light of a recent report in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute (Kanwar, J.R., et al. 2001. 93:1541?1552.), showing that inhibition of survivin using antisense or dominant negativ...
Other highlights in the Jan. 16 issue of JNCI
... radiation from sunlight may influence the risk of melanoma
in people who do not tan easily and who have many ... malignant melanoma. By studying 132 patients with melanoma
and 145 control subjects, the authors found that, independent of other risk factors, DNA repair capa...
Cancer-fighting drug may work in prevention and treatment
...6, now being tested at Fox Chase for patients with melanoma
or sarcoma. Based on our work with animal tumor models, Oltipraz may not only be a cancer prevention agent but may also be effective in treating patients with advanced stage cancers and metastases, Clapper explains. Were still doing pre-clinical tes...
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