Tag: "metal" at biology news
Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, September 2002
...pe to metallurgically bond a metallic coating to a metal
substrate to demonstrate that barrel materials can be made more resistant to these forces. Compared to mechanical bonding, metallurgical bonding results in far greater strength of the bonds between the atoms of the coating and substrate. [Contact: Bi...
Homeland security highlights from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
...uilt-in library of nuclear dual-use and high-value metal
signatures. The system also identifies varying metals that may have been "co-mingled" to avoid detection. The lightweight system consists of a small sensor probe for scanning and a handheld operating platform custom designed by PNNL to ease use and ...
New compound may immobilize AIDS virus, certain radionuclides
...useful chemistry, including bind viruses and large metal
atoms such as some radionuclides. Once such compounds bind with an AIDs virus, the virus is no longer capable of entering a cell to damage it. HPAs may also bind with radionuclides called actinides, which removes them from the mixture by phase separa...
University of Florida engineers probe 'shape memory' alloy for better prostheses
... a weight measured by the wires' action against a metal
block attached to mechanical and hydraulic springs. When Santiago-Anadon flips on the power switch, the thread-like wires constrict due to the heat generated by the electricity, lifting the block more than an inch. When he turns the power off, the hy...
Scientists use alfalfa plants to harvest nanoparticles of gold
...powerful tool for accurate characterization of the metal
environment in metalloproteins and for a better understanding of their function. The researchers also analyzed the samples using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The advantage electron microscopes offer over light microscopes is abo...
UC Riverside to play active role in Institute for Complex Adaptive Matter
...lectronic and physical properties of DNA. Studying metal
atoms with strong electron correlations in solids, molecules, biological systems, and the environment. Glassy phenomena and intrinsic inhomogeneities in biomolecules and correlated electron materials. "As an umbrella organization to the research net...
New microscope technology allows study of biomolecules interacting with minerals
... on "Biogenic substances and their effect on trace metal
cycling and mineral weathering" (S36 Wednesday p.m...ironmental applications include anticipating toxic metal
release and studying iron availability in soils. Presently, siderophores are used in medicine to tre...
A laser-based spectometry screening tool may provide early and efficient detection of breast cancer
... Diluted serum samples were applied to immobilized metal
affinity capture Ciphengen ProteinChip. Complex proteins from different diagnostic groups were then profiled and analyzed. Results The researchers selected three biomarkers based on their collective contribution to the statistically significant ...
Artificial antibodies created by new molecular imprinting process
...chnique is similar to the lost wax process used in metal
casting," said Suslick, also a William H. and Janet Lycan Professor of Chemistry at Illinois. "In essence, we are molding this dendrimer around our template and creating a rigid cast that functions like a molecular lock for a molecular key." The tec...
Corroding plumbing materials producing environmental problems
...nd biological factors contributing to corrosion of metal
plumbing hardware. Diverse residential systems are particularly complicated to identify and restore. As a result, there is no rational basis for making decisions when problems are identified with potable infrastructures, Edwards says. "At the forefr...
Acid rain threatens forests in more ways than previously thought
... of Sciences that acid rain, by leaching essential metal
nutrients (such as potassium, calcium, and magnesi...ong been thought that trees obtain their essential metal
nutrients from weathered rock particles deep in the soil. But by demonstrating that the trees obtai...
Bacterial control of zebra mussels, low power radio
... to any surface that is not toxic, including rock, metal
and other mussels. Once established, zebra mussels can damage boat motors, clog intakes of water systems, and filter out lake nutrients that feed other organisms. In doing so, they've driven out native mussels, altering the ecology of freshwater la...
Metals the 'new renewables'
...not meet the increasing need for metals, and fresh metal
and minerals will be required for many generations...-chain to remove energy-intensive steps in primary metal
production. "It is also possible that low-energy intensive metals like steel may replace high-energy...
Reactor reveals hidden life of rocks
...ck for traces of life even while it is sealed in a metal
container. The process is comparable to a medical CT (computed tomography) scan with X-rays. The sample rotates in the neutron beam and a series of pictures are taken with a digital camera system. These two-dimensional images are reconstructed, usin...
Iron-binding compounds decrease body odor
... Landa and colleagues identified iron as the trace metal
whose deprivation had a strong effect on axillary bacterial growth. Further investigations with iron-chelating agents demonstrated that a number of compounds with high affinities for iron showed optimal activity. One candidate molecule, diethylenetri...
Metal-eating algae, spartina eradication, horseshoe crabs
...e of the algae cell. It picked up five times more metal
than a regular cell and grew three times faster wh...arch will continue to study how much of each trace metal
binds to the Chlamydomonas cell. Sayre will also work with engineering firms to test pilot faciliti...
New research could spearhead permanent nuclear waste storage
...ive, the aluminum itself is not. It is an unstable metal
and so changes forms relatively easily. When an aluminum compound precipitates and becomes a solid, it can take the radioactive material with it....
From nanotechnology to raspberries, Virginia Tech inventions and creations can improve our lives
...received a patent for a new family of molecules -- metal
filled fullerenes -- that have the potential to be...ential applications, depending upon the metals and metal
mixtures inserted," says Dorn. Insert magnetic material and there are semiconductor and, perhaps, su...
Manganese blocks HIV replication; Lab finding points to potential new class of HIV treatments
...t least two places where manganese and the similar metal
magnesium can "dock." Having these spots filled with the right metal
is crucial for the enzyme's activity -- its ability to read a particular set of RNA, the scientists ...
UMass microbiology team probes bacterium's surprising survival tactics
...es is apparently able to locate and home in on the metal
that serves as its food source. This is the first ...with. No one had looked carefully at growth on the metal
oxides that Geobacter actually uses in natural environments. When Childers looked carefully at cultu...
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