Tag: "microorganisms" at biology news

Caroline Mohr wins 2004 Scherago-Rubin Award from American Society for Microbiology

...ll-established techniques to identify and classify microorganisms belonging to the Enterobacteriaceae family, a large and clinically important group of bacteria. In working with this family of bacteria, she has characterized and named many new species of Enterobacter and Proteus. Collaborations with colleagues in t...

Jennie Hunter-Cevera wins 2004 USFCC/J. Roger Porter Award

...rogram using ecological factors as a way to screen microorganisms living in natural environments; her work led to th...es have been isolated from these sites, as well as microorganisms with antimicrobial, anticancer, and novel herbicidal properties. She is also known for h...

Biologist's find alters the bacteria family tree

...s, "really interested in the view of the earth and microorganisms and how they come together." She uses elements of biology and geology to understand how the earth and its inhabitants co-evolved. It is known that earth's earliest organisms were thermophilic, or able to dwell in hot environments. These organisms e...

The American Academy of Microbiology releases report

...r organisms. Outside the laboratory, virtually all microorganisms exist in communities, where they exchange genetic ...ionary processes, and biogeochemical activities in microorganisms occur at the community level and have immense impacts on human health and the planetary biosphere. A...

American Society for Microbiology 104th general meeting

...eases, the prevention of food spoilage, the use of microorganisms to clean up pollutants and basic knowledge of the nature of all living things. Among the topics to be presented are: Disease risks in international travel The microbiology of animal bite wounds Microbial life beneath Antarctic ice Upda...

Scientists report on the current state of INEEL's nuclear waste contamination

...gies at contaminated sites. Two papers address microorganisms in the vadose zone and a paper addressing effects of a management practice of applying brine to unpaved roadways in a waste management complex on subsurface chemical properties. There is a paper describing the waste management complex, in a large...

Ethanol to power the future of hydrogen fuel cells

...onas reinhardt. However, there is a need to detect microorganisms that are immune to oxygen and that would prove to ...developed a sensor that detects hydrogen-producing microorganisms through a screening process. The system uses a sensitive film that changes color at a point where th...

Bacteria live in the esophagus!

...t. Many of these bacteria resemble garden-variety microorganisms that aren't known to cause disease. More th...ealthy esophageal tissue, which could suggest that microorganisms are playing a role. "We are operating in the framework of the 'microbiome', a term coined b...

Microbe's trick provides a template for willowy crystals

...looded mine, according to Banfield. She notes that microorganisms are known to make crystals for a variety of purpos... is widespread in nature. However, how animals and microorganisms use the process at the molecular level is poorly understood because of the difficulty of simultaneou...

NETs protect against pathogenic bacteria

...rly by producing a net-like structure in which the microorganisms are trapped, disarmed and eventually killed. The scientists have called these structures NETs (for Neutrophil Extracellular Traps). NETs are very thin filaments that are visible in scanning electron microscopy (Fig. 1 and 2). The fibers are decorated...

Researchers discover 1.2 million new genes in Sargasso Sea microbes

...genes (only a few dozen have been characterized in microorganisms to date). "What excites the Department and our Off...unds to determine the genetic sequences of all the microorganisms occurring in a natural microbial community, which may lead to the development of new methods for car...

Scientists urge caution when releasing engineered organisms into environment

... data on the state of GEOs, from viruses and other microorganisms to plants to animals. A "genetically engineered organism" is a living thing that has deliberately been given a characteristic it wouldn't have gotten through the process of normal breeding. For example, about 10 years ago researchers in Hawaii found ...

Disease-fighters in our mouths provide clues to enhancing the immune system

...session "Microbial Diversity and Oral Health." The microorganisms in our mouths are most obvious when they collect on our teeth as plaque, a tough sticky mixture that can contain over 300 species of bacteria. Most of these bacteria are harmless commensals, but a minority, such as the bacteria Porphyromonas gingival...

Targeting hard-to-kill fungal infections

...or doctors fighting cancer and some of the tougher microorganisms such as fungal infections in individuals with supp...o target not only fungal infections but also other microorganisms especially multi-drug resistant ones." Susceptibility of the Human Pathogenic Fungi Cryptococcus ne...

Symposium focuses on unique challenges of environmental pathogens

...thstand colonization and infiltration by a host of microorganisms from diverse environmental sources. How have these.... This raises intriguing questions about how these microorganisms evolved the ability to cause disease and resist antibiotic treatment. Global climate change and the ...

Scientists report first sequencing of environmental genome

...has dramatically improved our understanding of the microorganisms involved and has opened the way for development of much more highly refined models of acid mine drainage systems." "If we understand the organisms and how they cause this environmental problem, we can try to do something about it in the long run," Ty...

Findings could aid efforts to harness nature for making drugs

...s aimed at developing techniques to use plants and microorganisms as natural factories for producing pharmaceuticals... enzymes might enable scientists to use plants and microorganisms like E. coli and baker's yeast to one day commercially produce pharmaceuticals. More progress is nee...

Scientists at Scripps Research describe new strategy for the synthesis of glycoproteins

...ctical. Some glycosylated proteins are produced in microorganisms or cultures of eukaryotic cells, like yeast or Chinese hamster cells-an expensive and sometimes inexact process, which often involves difficult and expensive purification schemes. Zhang, Schultz, Wong, and their colleagues have found another way...

Mars on Earth?

...Earth (from which) I've taken soil samples to grow microorganisms back at the lab and nothing whatsoever grew," said..., who is a co-author of the study and an expert on microorganisms in extreme environments. "Normally, when you take a soil sample from any environment and you plate i...

Researchers seek to clone 'mad cow disease' resistant cattle strain

...ttsia, protozoa or fungi, explains Eyestone. Those microorganisms reproduce themselves to cause disease in fairly conventional ways, either inside a cell or elsewhere in the body. But prions behave very differently than these more common disease-causing organisms, explains Eyestone. Prions are actually a form of p...

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