Tag: "molecular" at biology news
New Evidence For Corn's Ancestry Could Lead To Insect And Drought Resistant Crops
...seem an unlikely person topursue research into the molecular
biology of corn genes. But, while stillin graduate...e, she added. Seeking further proof, Eubanks used molecular
genetic analysis to showthat traits from both plant types were present in the offspring. She workedw...
Enhancin Protein Attacks Insect Immune System
...s. "No one has really studied the biochemistry and molecular
biology of an insect's peritrophic matrix before," said Robert R. Granados, the Charles E. Palm Distinguished Scientist and virologist at Boyce Thompson Institute (BTI) and Cornell adjunct professor of entomology. "In our opinion, the peritrophic ma...
Scientists Bridge Gap In Cell Communication
...on to scientists' understanding of how cells relay molecular
messages, a process that, if disrupted, can result... said Sean Carroll, a co-author of the study and a molecular
biologist at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute at UW-Madison. "The universe of genes regulated by ...
Stopping "Cellular Suicide" Could Boost Production In Biotech Labs
...ter just a few days on thejob. Workingclosely with molecular
biologists, Johns Hopkins Universityengineer Micha...>J. Marie Hardwick , an associateprofessor of molecular
microbiology andimmunology at The JohnsHopkins School of Public Health . Hardwick's team ismapping...
CSIRO Discovery Fights Cell Ageing
...r Holliday, who is renowned for his discoveries in molecular
geneticsand ageing, was the first scientist to clearly show in laboratory experimentsthat old human cells can be rejuvenated. "Now, thanks to the work of the CSIRO team and other collaboratinglaboratories, we can create skin care products which cont...
Scientists Discover How Genes Work Together To Control Neural Development
... assistant professor of biology, biochemistry, and molecular
biologyat Penn State, and Richard W. Carthew, assi... cell to becomeby initiating a cascade of internal molecular
reactions called the "signaltransduction pathway." "Cancer can result if errors occur inthe signal-t...
Where Fossils Fear To Tread: Scientists Follow Genes To An Ancient Ancestor
...re, and following up on a series of recent papers, molecular
biologist Sean Carroll of the Howard Hughes Medi...r of scientists now using the techniques of modern molecular
biology to look into the murky waters of distant evolutionary biology. They are looking so far back ...
Research Team Discovers Key Gene For Telomerase Enzyme In Humans
...divides, telomere shortening is thought to act asa molecular
clock of sorts by signaling the cell to stop dividing afterrepeated cell divisions. But the telomerase enzyme counteracts telomere shortening by addingDNA back onto the chromosome ends, he said. Normal cells do not containtelomerase, and the...
DNA Testing For Genetic Disorders: 'Does It Run In The Family?' Explains Options, Limitations, Problems
...,"said Kimberly A. Quaid, professor of medical and molecular
geneticsat the Indiana University School of Medicine. "Dr. Zallenhas provided us with a comprehensive book that covers not onlythe scientific aspects of genetic diseases but the emotional andsocial implications of testing that must be considered as w...
Wild Plant Genes Increase Food Production
...plant breeding. "However, most of the advances in molecular
genetics have been directed toward traits other th...sley and their colleagues have systematically used molecular
markers to map genes of rice and tomato plant varieties and looked for specific loci or genes -- kno...
NIH's Genbank Database Logs Billionth Base
... announced the achievement of a major milestone in molecular
biology and the Human Genome Project: the addition...his achievement reflects the explosive progress of molecular
biology in understanding the genetic blueprint and paving the way for exciting breakthroughs for sci...
MGH-Led Team Finds Gene For Crippling Neurologic Disorder
...ile the MGH researchers worked out the genetic and molecular
aspects of this discovery, their work relies on crucial contributions from their collaborators. Susan Bressman, MD, Stanley Fahn, MD, and members of the Dystonia Clinical Research Center at Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center -- including Mitchell ...
Pea Plant Stem Growth Gene Cloned
...n the plant's stem. Researchers Diane R. Lester, a molecular
biologist; John J. Ross, a plant physiologist and ... From these humble beginnings, genetics and later molecular
biology, evolved. "Mendel's experiments are now included in every high school biology class," said ...
Discovery Of Genetic Pathways May Provide New Ways To Combat Candida Infections
...da In this study, Dr. Fink and his colleagues used molecular
biology techniques to identify the components of the filamentation circuit in yeast. With the recently completed yeast genome to guide them, the scientists began to knock out suspicious genes and, by a process of elimination, discovered the culprits ...
Molecular Piracy Turns Protein Into Traitor
... Chemokine Holds Hope For HIV Treatment An act of molecular
piracy may put Glaxo Wellcome scientists on the track of drugs that would prevent HIV from entering human cells. Human herpes virus 8 (HHV-8) appears to have stolen a gene from the human host which codes for a chemokine. The virus then transformed it...
UT-Houston Awarded $2.5 Million For Scleroderma Research
...al studies; Dr. Benoit deCrombrugghe, professor of molecular
genetics at M.D. Anderson Cancer Center,will be co-director for basic studies. Together with Arnett, they will eachlead one of the SCOR projects. Dr. Joann Moulds (UT-Houston rheumatology) willhead a laboratory, which will produce, maintain and sto...
Wonder Thread: UD Scientists Report First Protein With Collagen And Elastin-Like Domains
...k primarily provides fundamental insights into the molecular
construction of byssal threads. In the future, how...h, which sponsored the UD study. "Insight into the molecular
structure that makes the byssus strong yet flexible might suggest, for example, new strategies for d...
Study: Hydrogen Bonds Aren't Key To DNA Pairing After All
...ts thymine's normal partner, adenine, opposite the molecular
impostor. When critics pointed out that adenine is the base mostcommonly inserted when any template base is damaged or missing, Kool and his partners turned the tables and studiedwhether a polymerase would insert the mimic itself opposite anaden...
Two-Pronged Attack On Immune System Cells Engineered By HIV Gene vpr: Effects Markedly Reversed By Antisteroid Compound RU-486
...rs hypothesized that Vpr might act through thesame molecular
pathway -- binding to the same receptors -- as those drugs.Glucocorticoids are used as chemotherapeutic agents against some cancers andautoimmune disorders, but are also known to inhibit cytokine production and toinduce cell death in lymphocytes, the...
Long-Time NIH Grantee Wins Nobel Prize In Chemistry
...s Dr. Boyer for a lifetime spent investigating the molecular
mechanism by which ATP--the c...been a key contributor to the molecular
understanding of ATP synthesis." Since the early 1950's, Boyer has sought to ...
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