Tag: "newborn" at biology news
Newly identified master gene key in baby's first breath
...ied a master gene that controls the first breath a newborn
infant takes. The findings could have implications... birth were not known. When Foxa2 is missing in newborn
mice, respiratory distress syndrome and in many cases, death, was almost certain to follow, said Jef...
March of Dimes statement on newborn screening report
...ay issued the following statement on the report on newborn
screening prepared for the Maternal and Child Heal...(ACMG): The March of Dimes supports comprehensive newborn
screening for all babies in this country, regardless of their place of birth. Our policy is to supp...
OutFoxed! New research may redefine late-stage cardiac development
...of the dramatic heart defects exhibited by so many newborn
babies, " says Morrisey. During normal embryonic development in mammals, pre-cardiac cells form the bilateral cardiac primordia two symmetrical, tube-shaped regions located on both sides of the early embryo. As cardiac development progresses, these ...
Newborns have ear preferences, too
...Cone-Wesson said, "We had a bucketload of data" on newborn
babies' inner ear and brain wave responses to diff...g parameters to find the best possible methods for newborn
hearing screenings. This discovery really came about in terms of trying to optimize a clinical proce...
$18 million bioinformatics center to become weapon against deadly diseases
...es listeriasis, an infection that occurs mainly in newborn
infants, the elderly and patients with a weakened immune system; Campylobacter jejuni, a bacterium that commonly causes diarrhea....
NHGRI launches Centers for Excellence in Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications Research
...e, the researchers will focus on issues related to newborn
screening, adolescent health research and centralized DNA banking. ...
Scientist who discovered Sly syndrome finds new research path to explore for treating the disease
...an enzyme across the blood-brain barrier after the newborn
LBP-1a gene mutation linked to disruption of normal fetal development
... of this work. IUGR is linked to infant death and newborn
defects in the nervous and cardiovascular systems, as well as to type 2 diabetes later in life. Type 2 diabetes is caused by the inability of the body's cells to use insulin. The St. Jude researchers found that mouse embryos lacking LPB-1a had no ma...
Lake research offers clues to managing crayfish invasions
... around 200 in another, the majority of which were newborn
crayfish. Roth and his collaborators then compared the number of crayfish in each sampling area to data collected by another UW-Madison group studying the number of fish and aquatic plants in those same areas. They found that two of the testing lake...
OHSU researchers discover possible method for early detection, prevention of premature birth
...rths are responsible for a startling 80 percent of newborn
deaths that are not associated with birth defects. By finding a method for quickly detecting one of the major cases of preterm labor and then treating it, we believe this finding could have a very significant impact and likely save young lives." ...
Gene therapy reaches muscles throughout the body and reverses muscular dystrophy in animal model
...d genetic disorder that strikes one of every 3,500 newborn
boys. The genetic disorder eliminates production of the dystrophin protein, which is necessary for the structural support of muscle. Without this protein, muscles weaken to the point where the victim cannot survive. "By giving one s...
Only 21 states offer newborn screening tests recommended by March of Dimes
...n the U.S. still fail to get the minimal number of newborn
tests recommended by the March of Dimes, according...he non-profit's 2004 state-by-state report card on newborn
screening. The March of Dimes is the first national health organization to recommend that every bab...
Early dexamethasone exposure has long-term neurodevelopment, neuroendocrine effects
(June 28, 2004) -- Bethesda, MD -- Any parent of a newborn
with extremely low birth weight (ELBW) faces the p...rchers have previously developed a rat model where newborn
pups are exposed to tapering doses of dexamethasone at time points corresponding to the neurodevelop...
'Mighty mouse' gene works the same way in people
...in's role in humans arose when Schuelke examined a newborn
baby boy, almost five years ago, and was struck by the visible muscles on the infant's upper legs and upper arms. When ultrasound proved that the muscles were roughly twice as large as other infants', but otherwise normal, Schuelke realized that a na...
Existing drug may prevent brain injury and seizures in newborns
...urther studying unique mechanisms of injury in the newborn
brain, we hope to continue to elucidate new therapies for use in this age group," says Jensen. "However, since agents already approved for use in adults are also effective, our results indicate that a clinical trial should be considered to determine ...
Research gives hope to preemies and Crohn's patients
...ution," she said. She tested her hypothesis using newborn
piglets, an excellent model for the human infant because it has similar metabolism and physiology. "And not only was there more gut, the gut that was there was more functional," she said. "When we added butyrate, the villi in the intestine increased...
'Cardiofunk' mutation: Probable source of congenital heart defects
... now seems likely that some heart valve defects in newborn
children may be caused by a temporary interruption of normal heart contraction early in the life of the embryo, rather than by genetic defects in the valves themselves. This could lead to a new way to look at congenital heart defects," he said. If pr...
University of Pittsburgh receives NIH funding to develop heart assist device for infants
...uired heart defects who are as young or small as a newborn
baby. Principal investigator for the contract is Harvey S. Borovetz, Ph.D., professor and chairman, department of bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh School of Engineering, and Robert L. Hardesty Professor of Surgery at the School of Medicine. ...
Vanderbilt doctors use Viagra to treat infants with pulmonary hyptertension
...nary hypertension is virtually a death sentence in newborn
babies. It can begin with a heart defect, or for reasons that are not well explained; but when the blood pressure rises inside the lungs and stays that way, there is often little that can be done. But a few small studies have recently suggested that...
Newborn lambs' central heating system could aid fat busting in humans
The way newborn
lambs regulate their temperature in the first few ... are similar to lambs: brown fat is present in the newborn
to act as an internal central heating system maintaining body temperature and preventing hypothermia...
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