Tag: "newborns" at biology news

Bone marrow donor cells present in muscle fibers of boy with MD years after transplant

...refore be life threatening. Roughly one in 100,000 newborns has one of the several forms of SCID. The X-linked type, which affects only males, occurs most frequently. The most common treatment for X-SCID is a bone marrow transplant, which in effect gives the patient the donor's resistance system. The Los Ange...

UT Southwestern researchers ID key protein for communication within central nervous system

... network." Synaptic formation is important in both newborns and adults. In newborns, synapses are formed rapidly and abundantly. The central nervous system, which encompasses the brain and spinal cord, establishes a stable network by keeping those that are functionally important and eliminating those that are...

Sequence provides insights into a pathogen's virulence mechanism allowing for vaccine development

... is a leading cause of pneumonia and meningitis in newborns and the source of life-threatening illnesses in a growing number of adults with deficient immune systems. The study, published this week in the on-line version of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), not only determined the pa...

A unique hemoglobin may help the baby kangaroo's journey to the mothers pouch

...hodology All blood was removed from Tammar Wallaby newborns and the red cells were broken up to release the hemoglobin. The hemoglobins were separated by ion exchange chromatography, and for each, the chains were separated by another chromatography process. The chains were digested by the proteolytic enzyme,...

Brain damage in infants not always tied to delivery

...sure of oxygen deficiency. Seventy percent of the newborns with seizures had no evidence of acidity in the umbilical cord, a finding that argues against the birthing process as the cause of neurological problems. The study is published in the August issue of the Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medic...

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology

...burden, and potentially decreasing transmission to newborns from their HIV-infected mothers." (S. Sabbaj, B.H. Edwards, M.K. Ghosh, K. Semrau, S. Cheelo, D.M. Thea, L. Kuhn, G. D. Ritter, M.J. Mulligan, P.A. Goepfer, and G.M. Aldrovandi. 2002. Human immunodeficiency virus-specific CD8+ T cells in human brea...

Multiple births - their risks and how to prevent them

...d reproduction where it represents over 40% of the newborns but 70% to 80% of the pathologies. Although it has decreased in most of the European countries it remains at an unsatisfactory level." NB: Professor Papiernik's colleague on the research team, Dr Jacques de Mouzon, from INSERM, will give this presen...

UT Southwestern researchers discover better tests to detect congenital syphilis in newborns

...hilis might stimulate a detectable reaction by the newborns immune system, despite its immature development, said Dr. Michael Norgard, chairman of microbiology and a co-author of the study. "We believed we could evaluate this by searching for the presence in neonatal blood of the infants IgM antibodies," Nor...

Strange signals from breastfeeding

...nothing to do with bad BO. Breastfeeding women and newborns give off odours that boost the sexual desire of other women. The finding adds to the growing body of evidence suggesting that our natural smell influences other people on an unconscious level, and strengthens the argument that human pheromones exist...

Link found between low birth weight and DNA from mothers

...cies. The animals are native to Southeast Asia and newborns typically weigh between 380 and 620 grams (about 15 to 24 ounces). Low birth weight animals, the lowest 10 percent, weigh 300 grams or less (12 ounces). The researchers did find one environmental factor that influenced the birth weight of the an...

UB study finds early nutritional modification programs metabolism, predisposes to obesity

...el suggest that what foods human babies are fed as newborns may contribute to metabolic programming, leading to adult-onset diseases such as obesity and diabetes," Patel said. "Overfeeding of formula and early introduction of supplemental weaning foods such as cereals, fruits and juices that are high in carb...

Of 101 neonates at a New Jersey hospital, 40 percent test positive for drugs of abuse

...many areas. Accordingly, it is expected that some newborns will enter the world having been exposed to drugs ... the newborns, the results showed: A total of 60 newborns tested negative compared to 41 who tested positive. Of the 41 infants testing positive, 22 infant...

Scientists trace recently found genes to the evolution of big brains

...portant implications for understanding diseases of newborns in which motor neuron function is lacking, and may provide insights into recovery from spinal cord injuries. This outcome was surprising to the researchers because it demonstrated that neurons and oligodendrocytes are more closely related than had be...

Dartmouth researchers expose weakness of common parasite

...romised patients and cause severe birth defects in newborns from primary infections during pregnancy. T. gondii belongs to a family of parasites that include the human pathogens Cryptosporidium parvum, also a danger for immunocompromised patients, and Plasmodium falciparum, a cause of virulent malaria that ki...

Nabi experimental vaccine reduced Staph aureus bloodstream infections by nearly 60 percent

...ons are surgical patients, trauma or burn victims, newborns whose immune systems are not yet developed and people with such chronic illnesses as diabetes, cancer or lung or kidney diseases. People whose immune systems are suppressed due to disease, drugs or radiation therapy also are more susceptible to thes...

Blood markers may reflect newborns' potential of contracting HIV

...regnant women from transmitting the virus to their newborns has long been a major concern for obstetricians. As such, many doctors continue to debate the benefits of elective Caesarian section as a way to protect the infant. In high-risk pregnancies, where the viral loads can't be suppressed with medicatio...

Common variation of 'klotho' gene associated with human life expectancy

... over the age of 65 in the Baltimore area) and 646 newborns in the Baltimore-Washington Infant Study. In these groups, the scientists discovered a variant of klotho that has six changes in the gene sequence, two of which alter the protein's sequence. Because a copy of each gene comes from each parent, peopl...

Impact of NICU environment on neurodevelopment of premature babies focus of University of South Florida conference

...n annoying they can harm the retinas of developing newborns and disrupt the way these tiny babies process important visual information. This and other new findings about how NICU environments impact the neurosensory development of premature infants will be presented at a University of South Florida College of...

Scientists using gene chips identify a unique form of leukemia

...a year, a small number develop the blood cancer as newborns or within the first year of life, and have such a stubborn form of disease that only about 40 percent of the infants survive. What stands out about most of these infants at least 70 percent is that their blood cells are the scene of a chromosomal ...

Doctors miss chance to advise women of vitamin that prevents birth defects, survey finds

...American Medical Association indicated that NTDsin newborns are down 19 percent. These data show that were moving in the right direction, Dr. Howse said. But we could prevent many more NTDs if we increased multivitamin use. Neural tube defects are among the most serious birth defects in the United States. ...

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