Tag: "nutritional" at biology news

Selenium Supplements Can Reduce Cancer Rates

...th humans that directly supports the thesis that a nutritional supplement of selenium, as a single agent, can red...e the risk of cancer," said Gerald F. Combs Jr., a nutritional biochemist and Cornell professor of nutritional sciences. Combs and a group of co-authors reported t...

Plants Need Vitamin C, Too

...n use the tools of modern genetics to increase the nutritional value of food crops."...

Malnutrition Impacts Longevity Of Females More Than Males And Shows Gender Differences In Fruit Flies

...ulnerable window of timefor females because of the nutritional demands of reproduction and egg-laying,"said Carey. "These changes may account for the leveling off of thedeath rate among the Medflies at older ages. "The broad importance of the study is that the results demonstratethat the rate of aging, as measu...

Female Adolescents Need Calcium During 'Window Of Opportunity'

...you can use up later in life," Weaver says. Purdue nutritional educator Lisa Jackman, the primary investigator on...s looking at bone-related maturity and the related nutritional requirements. "This paper provides the model for setting the nutritional guidelines," Weaver says. I...

Cornell Text On International Nutrition

...to enough food to meet their basic daily needs for nutritional well-being. To review the nature of hunger and mal..., Michael Latham, M.D., professor of international nutritional sciences at Cornell University, has authored a new text, Human Nutrition in the Developing World (...

Overfeeding Normal Infant Rats Affects Three Generations: Permanently Changes Basic Metabolism, Interferes With Reproduction

... The newborn rats were overfed to duplicate nutritional conditions duringlate human pregnancy that often affect the babies of diabetic mothers, accordingto Elsie Taylor, a recent Ph.D. graduate in psychology and UW researcher. Gestational diabetes occurs in 2 to 3 percent of otherwise normal humanpregnanc...

Infants, Toddlers Should Not Restrict Fat Intake, Experts Say

...es in young children may reduce growth and lead to nutritional shortages. The relative low-fat nature of infant formula is a special concern for these researchers. "Certain fatty acids are found only in human milk. They are not found in sufficient amounts in infant formulas," Hennig says. "The companies that mak...

Low Cholesterol? Reduced Sodium? What Do These Terms Really Mean?

...labels of packaged foodproducts became filled with nutritional claims that used quantifier terms suchas 'reduced,...d a set of standardsthat regulated the use of many nutritional claims. These standards mandated thatall processed food products covered by the Nutrition Labeling a...

Studies Underscore Link Between Nutrition And Nonmelanoma Skin Cancers

...an Academy of Dermatology anddiscussed the role of nutritional factors in treating patients at risk. The majority of nonmelanoma skin cancers are basal cell carcinomas,which rarely spread, but can cause significant local damage that requiressurgery, Arbesman said. The remaining nonmelanomas are squamous ...

Federal Food Aid Makes Healthier Children

...cause iron deficiency is the single most prevalent nutritional deficiency in the U.S., with up to 20 percent of low-income preschoolers under 2 years of age suffering from anemia," Habicht says. "Zinc is also particularly important because other studies suggest that zinc deficiencies are related to growth retard...

10 Million Report Hunger, Even With Jobs

...d author Katherine Alaimo, a doctoral candidate in nutritional sciences at Cornell University and a former nutrit...istine Olson, her advisor and Cornell professor of nutritional sciences; Cornell statistician Edward Frongillo; and Ronette Briefel of the NCHS, published their s...

Births Of Rare Lemurs At Duke Primate Center

...confirmingevidence that the center understands the nutritional and maintenance needs ofthe highly endangered animals. Colony Manager David Haring said this spring represented a "highlysuccessful" birthing period for these three rare species. "The number of births is especially large for the aye-a...

Fruits And Vegetables Protect Lungs

...eijing Medical University and a master's degree in nutritional toxicology. Lung function normally declines with age, and compromised lung function is a hallmark of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which includes chronic bronchitis, asthma and emphysema. COPD is the fifth leading cause of death in ...

Fortified Drink Improves Third World Nutrition

...ren for six months not only significantly improved nutritional deficiencies but also brought almost twice as much...anian children, who are commonly deficient in many nutritional areas, the researchers tried a new approach to improve Third World diets. Their goal was to see if ...

Comprehensive Nutritional Status In Patients With Long-Standing Crohn Disease Currently In Remission

... is complex. To obtain a comprehensive picture of nutritional status in patients with long-standing CD that was...nically in remission, we assessed four measures of nutritional status in 32 patients (18 women and 14 men) and 32 matched healthy control subjects: 1 ) body com...

The Many Faces Of Malnutrition In Crohn Disease

...e to provide heightened surveillance for remedial nutritional problemsin patients at all stages of this disease. Corresponding Author: K.N. Jeejeebhoy, e-mail: khush.jeejeebhoy@utoronto.ca. View the full text of this article at http://www.faseb.org/ajcn/abst98/may/jeejee.pdf...

Birds Sing The 'Story Of Their Lives,' Theorize Duke Biologists

...as we could about the temporal relationshipbetween nutritional stress, brain development and the timing of song-learning,"Nowicki said. "And, we believe we show that this overlap is really quite good,revealing a mechanism by which song quality could be used by females to assessquality of males." For exam...

Research Sheds Light On How Plants Regulate Distribution Of Nutrients

...ion of carbon to maximize crop yieldsor manipulate nutritional value....

Health Effects Of Consuming Alcohol, Dairy Foods, And Iron-Fortified Products ToBe Debated

... Iron deficiency anemia is the most prevalent nutritional disorder in theworld, affecting a billion people, mostly women and children. "IronFortification of Foods" (Session F-3, June 21, 1:30 PM) will show thatfortifying commonly eaten foods with iron is one of the least expensive andpotentially most effec...

Biosphere Lessons Can Be Applied To Space, Former Crew Co-Captain Says

... enough food tomeet about 80 percent of the crew's nutritional needs, she said. Biosphere 2also contained a rain forest, a million-gallon ocean with a coral reef, adesert, a savanna, a marsh, 3,800 species of plants and animals, as well asliving quarters for the crew of four men and four women. In future...

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(Date:4/17/2014)... to a study published today in PLOS Pathogens ... where malaria is common can mount an immune response ... to avoid repeated bouts of high fever and illness ... their bloodstream. The findings may help researchers develop future ... the malaria parasite. , Each year, approximately 200 million ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... In a review published in the April issue of ... The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, says it,s time ... approach to treating sepsis, which kills millions ... Sepsis occurs when molecules released into the bloodstream to ... body. Inflammation is necessary for maintaining good health ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... 2014) Doctors who treat patients with a ... can face an agonizing treatment decision. , The ... and help relieve shortness of breath. But some ... can cause potentially fatal complications following transplantation. , ... Dilling, medical director of Loyola University Medical Center,s ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Calif., April 17, 2014 By discovering a new ... after a stroke, researchers at UC Irvine and the ... that may limit or prevent stroke-induced brain damage. , ... fourth-leading cause of death and primary reason for disability ... in a stroke and lets blood-borne material into the ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... potential to ward off depression among retirees, particularly among ... in The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: ... article " Internet Use and Depression Among Retired Older ... the authors report that Internet use reduced the probability ... study sample. , Late-life depression affects between 5 ...
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