Tag: "offer" at biology news

Carnegie Mellon neuroscientist develops tool to image brain function at the cellular level

...n they are activated by stimuli. "The fosGFP mice offer better access than ever before to the specific neurons that have been activated by an animal's experience," Barth said. Although scientists can detect c-fos expression using another technique, it requires disrupting membranes and disturbing connecti...

Leading scientists design new framework for biodiversity conservation

...Possingham. "Redirecting funds could help managers offer financial or other incentives to land owners, helping turn years of planning into actual protection for species that are running out of time." The authors state that their results do not diminish the need for accurate information on the distribution...

Report outlines steps needed to lessen smallpox threat

...s-host interactions -- that there's good reason to offer support and encouragement to get the best young scientists excited about the field," said Harrison. The report also emphasized the need for government laboratories to support databanks and libraries of compounds from which to identify drug candidates...

New lower-cost assay system equivalent to flow cytometry for accurate CD4+/CD8+ cell counts

...CD4+ and CD8+ T cell enumeration. The Guava assays offer comparable accuracy and reproducibility to the flo...acterization is important. The Guava PCA systems offer an integrated, optimized approach that takes the guesswork out of single cell analysis and counting....

Call for greater involvement of developing world scientists in fight against AIDS

...ary General and Executive Director. "It would also offer potential avenues of investigation that have yet to be explored because of the dominance of Northern scientists in the design and implementation of AIDS-related research," says Ahmed A. Azad, Director of Research at the Faulty of Health Sciences, Uni...

Study finds plant enzyme function changes with location in cell

... changing conditions, Shanklin says. They may also offer scientists new ways to tailor plant products to meet specific needs, such as growing crop plants that make different, perhaps healthier oils. Shanklin and his research associate Ingo Heilmann were studying a particular class of enzymes known as desat...

Crystal structure for anthrax-cell binding complex

...colleagues on-line in the July 4th issue of Nature offer new leads for the discovery of anthrax antitoxins that could be used in conjunction with antibiotics to treat late-stage anthrax. In a surprising twist, the new information will also help in the design of anthrax toxin as an anti-tumor agent for tre...

Only 21 states offer newborn screening tests recommended by March of Dimes

...n states, plus the District of Columbia, currently offer tests for six to eight of the conditions on the Ma...nother fifteen states, plus Puerto Rico, currently offer tests for only five or fewer conditions. Nine states (Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Michiga...

In the obese, metabolic adaptations post-weight loss lead to regaining of shed pounds

...tment, and recurrence of their obese state. Rats offer a better opportunity to address this issue. The ability to select obesity-prone rats, coupled with the shorter lifespan of the test animals and a better ability to control environmental conditions, offers researchers the opportunity to examine the me...

Innovative efforts target epigenetics, molecular imaging

... of genomics. Dr. Feinberg and his colleagues will offer select, Baltimore-area high school students the ch...ross the nation. Likewise, the Harvard center will offer opportunities for genomics-related research and training to college and post-college students from u...

Hope Clinic of Emory Vaccine Center receives CDC contract

... problematic. "A topical microbicide could still offer these women a safe, effective and confidential method to protect themselves from HIV," said Dr. Priddy. "We are excited to be conducting Atlanta's first clinical trials of topical microbicides at the Hope Clinic." The research project will test the...

Finding the hole in the defenses of cavity-creating microbes

...eria in our mouths to choke on their own acids may offer one way to stop cavities, say microbiologists at the University of Rochester Medical Center who have discovered a chink in the armor that bacteria use to survive the hostile environment of the human mouth. Streptococcus mutans or S. mutans, the domi...

'Search and destroy' protein turns tables on HIV

... which the outer surfaces of their cells no longer offer footholds for the virus to attach and begin the process of infection." Here's how the APOBEC proteins are thought to work. When the core of an HIV particle enters a cell, it contains single-stranded RNA as its genetic material. This RNA must be copie...

Melting ice cap gives urgency to new census of marine life project in Arctic Ocean

..., is poor," the researchers say. The deep waters offer "great potential for species discovery ... Deep-sea areas worldwide have been shown to harbor more species than previously realized." "The discovery of at least five new macrofaunal species, and the collection of several species newly recorded for t...

$5 million grant funds partnership, studies of minority-based issues in reproductive health

... facial and body hair. All three of these studies offer participants compensation for their participation. For more information about the studies or to find out how to participate, visit pennstatewomenshealth.com, or contact Patsy Rawa, study coordinator, 800-585-9585, 717-531-3692 or prawa@psu.edu . Le...

Growing replacement teeth and dental tissues

...mbling that of a natural tooth. These observations offer very exciting opportunities for replacement of natural teeth damaged through disease or trauma and for those missing in hypodontia. There are obvious practical obstacles still to be overcome before this might be available as a routine clinical treatm...

Targeted therapy for lung cancer patients shows promise in extending lives

...celecoxib) can shrink tumors, relieve symptoms and offer improvement and survival for patients with stage IV lung cancer. This is the one of the first efforts involving the combination of two targeted therapies in the treatment of advanced lung cancer without chemotherapy. Molecular profiles on each patien...

Flies may taste bitter better, first map of insect 'tongue' reveals

...ng response or trigger an avoidance response might offer targeted repellants for human and agricultural uses, he added. Collaborators on the research include Natasha Thorne, Caroline Chromey and Steve Bray, all of Duke....

Researcher issues caution on live virus vaccines

... and death each year. Although live-virus vaccines offer great promise in terms of cost and efficacy, their use should be approved by an international authority due to safety concerns, the authors write. The article lists five main lessons learned from other live virus vaccines: reversion of v...

AAAS urges US to give scientists a voice in research misconduct cases

...o either side of the dispute, are in a position to offer an opinion that is more balanced than the parties' experts. AAAS has assisted numerous federal judges with identifying qualified experts, and their use has demonstrated the added value they bring to the judicial proceedings," wrote Alan I. Leshner, A...

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(Date:10/31/2014)... News) -- Obesity increases the risk of certain types ... two new U.S. studies show. One study of ... obese increased the risk for estrogen receptor-negative and progesterone ... this for a long time for white women, but ... study author Esther John, a senior research scientist at ...
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