Tag: "overlooked" at biology news

Endangered species list more bleak than originally thought

...earchers believe these processes have been largely overlooked in the past because some of the most susceptible organisms are uncharismatic parasites, but other more popular animals are also at stake. Proctor cites a host plant vine that became locally extinct in Singapore, taking along with it a species of butt...

Study probes ecosystem of tree holes

...arly every forest and is an ecosystem surprisingly overlooked by ecologists. Created by a lost tree branch or deformed trunk, the tree hole collects water, which supports an aquatic community that lets an ecologist like Kneitel address fundamental ecological questions. In this small ecosystem, bugs and leaves...

Lowly weeds may hold promise for curing host of common health woes

...gles and may have healing properties are routinely overlooked for flora ballyhooed for their disease-fighting qualities that are growing deep within woods, he said. Perhaps the world's best-known medicinal weed is the poppy, from which morphine is derived, Stepp said. Scopolamine, an important drug for treatin...

Pancreatic cancer blood test & gene studies show promise

...ncreatic cancer often mimic other diseases, or are overlooked until it is too late. Only 3 percent of all patients live even five years after diagnosis, and although pancreatic cancer is only the 10th most common cancer, it is the fourth leading cause of cancer death. Progress against this deadly disease will r...

The $50 million solution

...olleges and universities, in particular, often are overlooked in the intensive competition for grant dollars." The new grants encourage collaboration among recipients. Carleton and St. Olaf Colleges in Minnesota, for example, are collaborating with Michigan's Hope College to create faculty teams from biology, ...

Jorge Escalante-Semerena receives 2004 ASM Graduate Microbiology Teaching Award

... postdoctoral scientists in acquiring skills often overlooked during their formal education, such as grant preparation or effective teaching practices. At Wisconsin, he encourages basic science majors to go on to careers in academia and research, and he has conducted numerous recruitment seminars and off-campus...

Researchers describe long-perplexing 'magic spot' on bacteria

...simovitch and her colleagues identified previously overlooked RfaH genes in other bacterial pathogens, such as those that cause cholera and bubonic plague. "Not only do RfaH proteins from different bacteria look similar, they act similar, too," she said. Without RfaH, enterobacteria can't cause disease, Artsimo...

University of Pittsburgh receives NIH funding to develop heart assist device for infants

...ts. "Historically, infants and toddlers have been overlooked by technology development. Yet the smallest of our patients have the greatest need because the only means of support available to them is ECMO, which has unacceptably high mortality and complication rates. We hope to be able to develop a device that ...

Delirium high in ICU patients, leads to death, morbidity

...rm quality of life," Ely said. "Frankly, it's been overlooked by medical teams for years and is simply called 'ICU psychosis.'" "Five years ago, we began studying delirium in the ICU at Vanderbilt, after realizing that older people are more frequently going to ICUs and the added risk of developing brain dysfun...

Sophisticated silencing strategies

...ten years ago, it has become clear that these once overlooked bits of genetic material play a decidedly large role in controlling gene expression and thus regulating a diverse array of cellular processes. They typically accomplish these tasks by targeting specific nucleotide sequences to shut down gene expressi...

Scripps Research receives $3 million anonymous donation

...ain," said Mason, who adds that the brain is often overlooked in treatment. The traditional mode of treatment involves group therapy and other forms of psychological counseling that aim to empower the spirit and address the destructive behaviors associated with alcoholism. These are important approaches, howev...

Genetic basis for gender differences in the liver

... two genes responsible for an important, yet often overlooked difference between the sexes. One of the less evident physiological differences between males and females resides in the liver. Male and female livers express different subsets of genes, which affect the organ's ability to metabolize certain drugs an...

Healthy neighbors rescue degenerating motor neurons

...c lateral sclerosis (ALS) may rest with a somewhat overlooked group of support cells that helps guide, nourish and remove toxins from neurons. Howard Hughes Medical Institute researchers and their colleagues have discovered that non-neuronal cells, called astrocytes and glia, can protect neurons containing ALS-...

Image-guided Therapies

...t of women, most between ages 20 and 50. An often overlooked cause of this pain is ovarian vein reflux (pelvic congestion syndrome). While this condition is treatable, many tests don't detect it, and women are left to believe "it's all in their head." VASCULAR DISEASE "Brain Aneurysms Successfully Treated W...

Bread mold yields a genome first for filamentous fungi

...lamentous fungus, a bread mold, a life form easily overlooked in the shadow of the Human Genome Project. To biologists,however, it is Neurospora crassa, an organism of historic and enduring value as a model organism. More than a decade before the structure of DNA was determined, two biologists focusing on Neuro...

Succulent Karoo to benefit from $8 million in grants

...o medium-sized grants to civil society as an often overlooked but vital partner in conservation efforts....

VEGF gene transfer fails to help peripheral arterial disease patients

...ally because early stages of the disease are often overlooked by people who mistakenly think their leg pain and fatigue are just a normal part of growing older. By the time they're diagnosed, the condition has often worsened to the point where they can no longer walk more than a few minutes without experiencing...

Scientists urge managers to limit use of destructive fishing gears

...pacts of fishing. "Too often this problem has been overlooked or ignored because of the lack of comparative measures. Our results indicate that there is more common starting ground on these issues than people have thought," says Chuenpagdee, The scientists stress that in many cases there are solutions, but chan...

Smaller households fuel global housing boom and threaten biodiversity, study finds

...opulation size declines, they noted. ''This easily overlooked trend presents a particularly serious threat to biodiversity - the plants, animals and microbes underpinning our life-support systems,'' Daily added. ''The threat is particularly acute in so-called biodiversity 'hotspot' countries, where extraordinar...

'Rock-paper-scissors' preserves biodiversity in bacterial neighborhoods

...ghborhoods in nature, and historically that's been overlooked by many ecologists. And the fact that they exist in neighborhoods has profound implications for the maintenance of biodiversity." Other authors of the Nature paper are biological sciences graduate student Benjamin Kerr and Professor Marcus Feldman, b...

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