Tag: "overweight" at biology news

Ecological trends of food availability yield clues to Americans' weight problem

Research into what some have called an epidemic of overweight in America has, thus far, not shown a clear pattern of causation. In a study published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Harnack et al. of the University of Minnesota used a different perspective from previous national dietary surveys;...

European Society of Human Reproduction & Embryology conference, Bologna, Italy, 25-28 June

...should couples be refused IVF, how best to help overweight women become fertile, assisted reproductive techniques and distress -- how changes to reproductive technology could improve quality of life These are just a few examples of the stories from the conference. Media welcome at all sessions. Regist...

Physical activity, not diet, most influences preschoolers' weight

With the prevalence of overweight and obesity increasing at an alarming rate in the Western world, efforts have turned toward prevention strategies. In work published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition Atkin and Davies studied a cohort of 77 preschool children ages 1.5-4.5...

Exercise and weight loss effective in reducing high blood pressure for overweight individuals

...urham, N.C., and colleagues studied 133 sedentary, overweight men and women with unmediated high normal blood pr...d weight loss is recommended for the management of overweight individuals with an elevated [blood pressure]," the researchers conclude....

Racial differences in body composition require modified skinfold-thickness

Bethesda, July 24, 2000 -- The prevalence of overweight among African American women (almost 50%) is significantly higher than in white women (about 33%). Approximately 1 in 4 American children and adolescents is overweight, and African American girls are the fastest growing obese population in the countr...

Middle-aged women who consume many fruits and vegetables are at much lower risk of cardiovascular disease

...ong smokers. Other additional risk factors such as overweight (BMI > 25), family history of an early MI, or the addition of red meat to the diet did not significantly alter the magnitude of risk reduction. In an accompanying editorial, Jacobs and Murtaugh suggest that plant foods appear to prevent arter...

Dietary patterns predict heart attack risk in middle-aged men

...other than diet such as smoking, family history or overweight had more of a negative impact on subjects who followed a Western diet pattern than on those who followed a prudent pattern. The study raises an ancillary interest in recent ecological observations connecting diet with rates of cardiovascular ...

Rising rates of overweight among preschoolers in developing countries

Despite rising rates of overweight among preschoolers in some developing countries, u...0-5 years of age, the overall global prevalence of overweight was 3.3%, with some countries having very high rates of both overweight and wasting. Developing cou...

New obesity treatment program to sustain weight loss, UCSF study finds

...0,000 deaths annually and diseases associated with overweight account for 6.8 percent of U.S. health care costs. The intervention, called the Solution Method, teaches the developmental skills of selfnurturing and effective limit setting. The skills are taught and practiced repeatedly in therapy until the partic...

Yo-yo dieters show lower levels of "good" cholesterol, could pose heart disease risk, say researchers from national W.I.S.E . study

...eight cyclers. "The bottom line is, while severely overweight women should try to reduce their weight to avoid the many health problems caused by obesity, women who are not obese should try to maintain a stable weight," said C. Noel Bairey-Merz, M.D., medical director of the Preventive and Rehabilitative Cardia...

Estrogen a possible factor in obesity for both sexes, researchers say

...nt of the adult population of the United States is overweight and a growing number of adults are obese. The problem is mirrored in other developed nations. Also rising are rates of Type 2 diabetes, which is closely linked to obesity; the health organization projects the number of sufferers will double by 2010...

¡Ciao! down: Mediterranean diet after a heart attack adds years to life

...relative to height. Though the body mass index of overweight people did not change significantly during follow-up, their dietary habits improved after their heart attacks, says Marchioli. Their intake of healthy foods was relatively high at baseline and further improved during follow-up. Researchers found ...

Diet aid works best with other life changes

...t is a real therapeutic success, Wadden said. Most overweight women wont look like Cindy Crawford after treatment, but they can improve their health and vitality by losing those first 10-to-20 pounds....

Metabolism in women after weight loss varies from that of never overweight women

...The PO women had previously been an average of 38% overweight and had been weight-stabilized for at least 2 months. In a crossover design, the PO and NO subjects consumed as much as they wished of either a high-fat diet, a high-starch diet, or a high-sucrose diet for 14-day periods. On day 1 and day 15 of each ...

Dieting study finds Internet effective in producing initial weight loss

... more than 54 percent of U.S. adults are overweight or obese, said Tate. There are a lot of people who do not choose to attend face-to-face programs for any number of reasons, from embarrassment to schedule constraints. The Internet appears to provide people with an alternative...

New tools for health care providers and the public to combat overweight and obesity

...ealth care providers manage the treatment of their overweight and obese patients, an online interactive menu pla...5 percent increase in the number of adults who are overweight or obese. "This is 61 percent of the U.S. adult population almost 108 million people who becau...

Study: overweight more common among early-maturing girls, especially minorities

...an alarming trend of increased prevalence rates of overweight in U.S. adolescents, particularly among minorities...eir 11th birthday were two times more likely to be overweight than girls who begin menstruating later." Early-maturing black girls were 2.57 times more like...

UNC scientists find U.S. children snack more now than they did two decades ago

...dren and adolescents, the proportion classified as overweight has grown from 8 percent to 14 percent for childre...een 1976-80 and 1988-94." The rate of increase in overweight has grown further between 1994 and 1999 in results recently reported by the federal government, Popk...

Like USA children, young adults snacking more now than they did two decades ago

...y is increasing in all age groups, she said. Being overweight chiefly results from an imbalance between the amount of energy taken in as food and the amount of energy expended in daily life activities. "Snacking in and of itself is not bad, but the choice of foods we make often are," Zizza said. "We can choose ...

Breast-fed babies less likely to be overweight children, teens

...ercent of the girls and 7 percent of the boys were overweight compared to the 6 percent of the girls and 11 perc...ercent of the girls and 7 percent of the boys were overweight compared to about 6 percent of girls and 12 percent of boys who drank breast milk for three months o...

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