Tag: "pregnant" at biology news
Many physicians misperceive radiation risks to developing fetuses from X-rays and CT scans
Physicians who care for pregnant
women perceive the risks to developing fetuses in ...pel because it can lead to increased anxiety among pregnant
women inadvertently exposed to diagnostic imaging and unnecessary terminations of otherwise wanted p...
Fortification of food supply with folic acid
... conception, but many women are not aware they are pregnant
until after this time. While starting folic acid supplements after this period is too late to realize benefits, Ray believes the answer is to fortify the food supply with folic acid, something that has been done in Canada, the U.S., Chile and Israel....
Researchers find no link between alcohol consumption during pregnancy and asthma during childhood
... a discharge diagnosis of asthma. The majority of pregnant
women (81.5%) drank at least some alcohol during pregnancy, but only a few (2.1%) consumed 120 grams or more per week. Only 307 of the children were hospitalized/discharged with a diagnosis of asthma a minimum of once during the first 12 years of th...
Research into cetacean reproduction leads to birth of killer whales by artificial insemination
...male calf and one female calf were born. The third pregnant
female, who died of unrelated causes, was carrying a male fetus. Paternity tests confirmed that all three calves resulted from artificial insemination. Although killer whales are common throughout the oceans of the world, the population in zoologi...
Institute for OneWorld Health CEO advocates focus first on developing world markets
...the safety and efficacy of anti-malarial drugs for pregnant
women in malaria-endemic areas. More information at http://www.oneworldhealth.org/diseases/malaria.php...
First time in the U.S.: Saint Louis University tests third-generation vaccine against smallpox
...rs who have significant contact with anyone who is pregnant
or with a child less than 12 months of age will be excluded. Volunteers must NOT previously have been vaccinated against smallpox....
New research outlines public health consequences
...s after the disaster. In addition, follow-up of pregnant
women who were inside or near the WTC buildings on...the site. The primary health effect observed in pregnant
women who were inside the towers or within 10 blocks of the WTC at the time of the disaster was a tw...
Risk of preeclampsia rises sharply with increased pre-pregnancy body mass index
... A Magee-Womens Research Institute study of 1,179 pregnant
women found the risk of preeclampsia, a leading ca...the condition. While weight loss prior to becoming pregnant
may hold the most promise in lowering the risk of preeclampsia, weight loss during pregnancy is disc...
Prenatal nicotine primes adolescent brain for addiction
... the Duke team administered nicotine or placebo to pregnant
rats. The offspring then received a secondary exposure to the drug or placebo during adolescence via implanted osmotic minipumps designed to produce blood nicotine concentrations typical of smokers. The rats exposed to nicotine before birth suffered ...
Moderate iron deficiency affects cognitive performance - but iron supplementation improves it
...t for women of reproductive age and 25 percent for pregnant
women. In non-industrialized countries, the preval...cent in non-pregnant women and over 50 percent for pregnant
women and for children aged five to 14. According to current prevalence estimates, iron deficiency ...
Young chimpanzees show sex differences in learning
...in the trees, but females are almost always either pregnant
or burdened with a clinging infant. This makes hunting difficult. But termites are a rich source of protein and fat. Females can fish for termites and watch their offspring at the same time. Adult females spend more time fishing for termites than mal...
Pre-term labor drug sensitizes brain to pesticide injury
... the early contractions. The drugs administered to pregnant
women also penetrate to the fetus where they affect brain development. The work highlights the synergistic and unpredictable effects that exposure to multiple chemicals can have on the brain, said senior author of the study Theodore Slotkin, Ph.D., p...
Case researchers substantiate bacterial link to preterm birth through mice studies
...ecifically targets placentas and amniotic fluid of pregnant
mice and triggers preterm or term stillbirths as w... the blood. After the bacteria were injected into pregnant
mice, the bacteria did not attack the liver or spleen. Within 24 hours of injection, some mice alre...
Study shows benefits to newborns from federal ban on insecticides
..., which examines the health effects of exposure of pregnant
women and babies to air pollutants from vehicle exhaust, the commercial burning of fuels, and tobacco smoking, as well as from residential use of pesticides and allergens. The present study included a sample of 314 infants of African American and Dom...
Fetal lungs provide a signal initiating labor, UT Southwestern researchers find
...bor. The researchers also found that injecting a pregnant
mouse with SP-A before day 17 of the pregnancy caused the mouse to deliver early. Injection of pregnant
mice with an antibody that blocks SP-A function caused them to deliver late. Identifying the recepto...
Other highlights of the March 17 issue of JNCI
...enic Exposure and Estrogen Signaling: Exposure of pregnant
mice to arsenic results in the development of a range of tumor types--including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)--in their adult offspring that are similar to those induced in adult mice by exposure to estrogenic compounds. A new study suggests that ar...
Prenatal exposure to second-handsmoke greater for disadvantaged children, study finds
...e alone. "These findings reveal the dangers for pregnant
women and their unborn children of multiple 'toxic..., which examines the health effects of exposure of pregnant
women and babies to air pollutants from vehicle exhaust, the commercial burning of fuels, and tobacc...
Scripps scientists describe dangerous cocktail of alcohol, brain peptides, and neurotransmitters
...alcohol syndrome, caused by alcohol consumption by pregnant
women, is the leading cause of mental retardation in the United States. The CDC estimates that perhaps as many as one out of every 1,000 babies born in the United States each year suffers from fetal alcohol syndrome. And then there is alcoh...
Preventative bed rest during pregnancy may be more harmful than helpful
...artum bed rest is prescribed for more than 700,000 pregnant
women in the United States each year in order to prevent early labor and other pregnancy complications. Although there is lack of clinical evidence that bed rest is indeed effective, obstetricians continue to prescribe it. The NIH supported study, ...
Schering-Plough scientists identify protein essential for cholesterol absorption from intestine
...o adequate and well-controlled studies of ZETIA in pregnant
women. ZETIA should not be used in pregnant
or nursing women unless the benefit outweighs the potential risks. The safety and effectiveness of ...
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