Tag: "prenatal" at biology news
Prenatal alcohol exposure can damage both information processing and response capabilities
...n time to measure neurological deficits related to prenatal
alcohol exposure. One signal and response is calle...of children: 11 (10 male, 1 female) with confirmed prenatal
alcohol exposure, and 14 nonexposed children (13 males, 1 female). All of the children completed 20...
Scientists discover genetic defect responsible for microcephaly
...eotide transport may play a crucial role in normal prenatal
brain growth. "It's a significant finding to all prenatal
brain development," says Dr. Leslie Biesecker, the study's lead author and a senior investigator for...
Light to moderate drinking during pregnancy can affect adolescent growth
...dy. "Its purpose has been to study the effects of prenatal
exposure to alcohol, marijuana, tobacco, and other...nth of pregnancy were recruited from an outpatient prenatal
clinic between May 1983 and July 1985. The women were interviewed in their fourth month of pregnanc...
Pittsburgh researchers target genetic, environmental threats to maternal and fetal health
...e University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine."But prenatal
environmental exposures also help to trace a lifelong health history. This is a major, under-investigated priority that affects not only women's health, but also the health of developing fetuses and infants." The Pittsburgh team will conduct clinical...
Screening certain infants can be lifesaving, Wake Forest study shows
...reatment in the newborn and genetic counseling and prenatal
diagnosis in subsequent pregnancies in affected families." The prenatal
diagnosis may show that the baby is completely free of the mutation, or that they have only one copy...
Moderate alcohol consumption during pregnancy is risky too
...ning and memory, but is also highly susceptible to prenatal
ethanol exposure. Alcohol researchers believe that prenatal
alcohol exposure diminishes hippocampal synaptic plasticity, a neurobiologic process that strengthen...
Genetic clash doubles schizophrenia risk
...at stressors produced by Rh incompatibility in the prenatal
environment -- such as oxygen deficiency to the br...ge of Rh-incompatibility prophylaxis, receive good prenatal
care and review their family histories for schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a disabling brain disease...
Identification of genes causing defects in vitamin B12 metabolism
...l make possible DNA testing for carriers and early prenatal
diagnosis. This is important because treatment can be started during pregnancy," says Rosenblatt. Fortunately, many patients can be treated with high dose vitamin B12 supplements and a diet that is low in protein. "This research will lead to better u...
International team uses genomic tools to discover gene for childhood genetic disorder
...physicians to provide carrier testing and improved prenatal
diagnostic options to members of this community, w...test that can detect carriers and provide improved prenatal
diagnostic options will be a boon to the members of our community," says Pierre Lavoie, president of...
Mount Holyoke College series examines advances in human reproductive technologies
...ial implications of genetics in a diverse society, prenatal
testing, surrogacy, and health care. Rebecca Susan Dresser (Daniel Noyes Kirby Professor of Law, Washington University) is a member of the National Bioethics Advisory Commission. A leading authority on animal rights issues, patient advocacy and rese...
Study: Prenatal screening in Haiti region cut syphilis by 75 percent
...om infected mothers. The scientists decentralized prenatal
syphilis screening, shifting blood testing from a regional hospital out to 14 community dispensaries. Those dispensaries enjoy almost none of the amenities people in developed countries take for granted, including running water and electricity, and m...
Preeclampsia solutions sought
...ective treatment." Dr. Roberts is giving a talk on prenatal
care as part of the first International Preeclampsia Summit, "Partnering to Generate Global Awareness for Preeclampsia," April 4-6 in Seattle. The summit is being sponsored by the Preeclampsia Foundation and is funded through a grant from the Bill an...
Researchers find possible link between pre-natal alcohol consumption and diabetes
...epartments of Defense and Army may have found that prenatal
ethanol exposure in rats can lead to a partial cen...tion and vasopressin responses in association with prenatal
ethanol (PE) exposure. The present study was conducted to improve understanding of AVP regulation i...
Prenatal exposure to nicotine increases risk of apnea in brains of newborn rats
...Earlier studies by other investigators showed that prenatal
nicotine exposure enhances the function and densit...ons led the Fregosi laboratory to hypothesize that prenatal
nicotine exposure may also alter the function or density of the GABAa receptors on cells in the brai...
Executive functioning in children prenatally exposed to alcohol
...and inhibitory control. A new study has found that prenatal
alcohol exposure of less than one drink per day is...to competing responses. A study of the effects of prenatal
exposure to alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine on EF, published in this month's Alcoholism: Clinical &...
March of Dimes awards $250,000 prize to pioneers in genetic research
...of the consequences of vitamin A deficiency during prenatal
development and childhood. A major discovery by Prof. Chambon was the finding in mice that the retinoids exert control over embryonic development by acting on homeogenes, those vital genes at the top of the hierarchy of gene regulation often called ...
Pregnant African American teens need more calcium for healthy fetal bone development
...s of calcium. The results are based on a review of prenatal
health records of 1,120 pregnant African American ...evaluated dietary intake for all girls who entered prenatal
care. Using a 24-hour dietary recall to estimate the number of dairy products the girls consumed dai...
Early-life environments shape development of stress behaviors and learning abilities in mice
...nt observations support previous research that the prenatal
environment interacts with the postnatal environment to shape stress-associated behaviors and cognitive performance in adulthood."...
Public knows no more about genetics than in 1990, U-M study shows
...cted in 2000. The topics included attitudes toward prenatal
testing, abortion, genetic testing in the workplac... can be used to correct defects discovered through prenatal
testing. Because of changes in expert knowledge about genetics and genetic testing, the wording of t...
Many pregnant women may have depression, but few getting treatment, study finds
...f clinics where pregnant women were awaiting their prenatal
doctor's visits. Ninety percent of the women who were approached agreed to complete the survey. Marcus notes that the high participation and completion rate show that screening for depression in the doctor's office waiting room may be feasible across...
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