Tag: "prevent" at biology news
UV light, coatings reduce bacterial adhesion up to 50 percent
...e combination of ultraviolet light and coatings to prevent
biofouling. These early results are promising and suggest potential for further study and anti-biofouling application." ...
Carnegie Mellon researcher tests tools for protecting Anacostia River ecosystem from PCBs
...ngerous PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls) and could prevent
their long-term release into waterways, according to the researchers, who are evaluating it in field trials in Washington D.C.'s contaminated Anacostia River. In hundreds of contaminated waterways across the country, PCBs have throttled the fishing ...
Carnegie Mellon scientists reveal ways of studying, resolving PCB contamination in US rivers
... Carnegie Mellon engineers soaks up PCBs and could prevent
their long-term release into waterways, according to the researchers, who are evaluating it in field trials in Washington, D.C.'s contaminated Anacostia River. The mat contains a thin layer of carbon-adsorbent particles embedded in a plastic mesh, wh...
Genetically-engineered 'marathon mouse' keeps on running
...ugs could aid patients whose debilitating diseases prevent
them from exercising. The researchers recognize that such drugs already being tested by pharmaceutical companies could be abused as a way to enhance athletic performance. Led by Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator Ronald M. Evans at The S...
Breakthrough in understanding of hereditary disease of lymphatic vessels
... in Foxc2 led to a lack of lymphatic valves, which prevent
the reflux of lymph. This is the first study that describes a gene critical for the formation of lymphatic valves, and regulation of the interaction between lymphatic endothelial cells and vascular smooth muscle cells. According to Professor Kari Al...
New compound could give some types of cancer the one-two punch
...ncer treatments use a combination of drugs one to prevent
the growth of new blood vessels, for example, and another to keep cancer cells from dividing and spreading," Li said. "One drug with dual activity means that the body only has to deal with a single compound, and that could eliminate a lot of complexi...
Muscles are smarter than you think
...ve discovered the mechanism by which acidity helps prevent
muscle fatigue. The discovery runs in the face of...ested muscles need the chloride effect normally to prevent
them spontaneously contracting. The acidity produced by the strenuous exercise reduces chloride's st...
...nts and only the regular application of fungicides prevent
huge yield losses in agriculture. Some crops, however, hold a natural resistance against powdery mildew like cultivars of the European barley with a mutation in the Mlo gene. Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research (MPIZ)...
Improved nutrition could reduce malaria burden worldwide
...egions showed that improving child nutrition could prevent
more malaria-related illnesses and deaths than previously thought. Their paper appears in the August 2004 supplement to the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. "While undernutrition's role in exacerbating diarrheal disease and respirat...
Counting foxes before the last tally-ho
... the hunting lobby that foxes need to be killed to prevent
a population explosision. It will also allow us to monitor the impact of a ban on this cruel sport." Foxes emerged as the nation's favourite land mammal in an NOP poll conducted in 2000. It has been estimated that between 20,000 and 25,000 foxes are ...
Heartless worms hold clues to cardiac arrhythmias, sudden death
...cademy of Sciences. The tool could lead to ways to prevent
arrhythmias and sudden death associated with block...cquired long QT syndrome and in discovering how to prevent
it." Other investigators have demonstrated that variations in HERG itself do not account for the ma...
Nucleic acid-amplification testing further safeguards nation's blood supply
...ucleic acid-amplification testing (NAT) has helped prevent
the transmission of approximately five HIV-1 infections and 56 hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections each year since it began being used in the United States as an investigational screening test in mid-1999. The study is published in the August 19 issu...
New model can aid in understanding immune system diseases
...with AIDS or who are on immunosuppressive drugs to prevent
rejection of a donated organ, there is a risk that...ce could serve as a model for understanding how to prevent
this overproduction in humans, with implications for not only Epstein-Barr Virus but also autoimmune...
Study narrows search for genes placing men at increased risk for prostate cancer
...cer, and we still know far too little about how to prevent
it, detect it, and treat it."...
Medication reconciliation, pharmacist involvement vital to reducing medication errors, study finds
...edication reconciliation is an effective method to prevent
medication errors." A previous study conducted at Northwestern Memorial found that while CPOE systems reduce medication errors, they may have limited impact on actual patient harm. The study concluded that the involvement of physicians and pharmacist...
Stanford researcher's findings may shed light on common, deadly birth defect
... and symptoms has made it difficult for doctors to prevent
and treat the disorder. The researchers turned to chicken embryos to study the problem, capitalizing on the fact that fertilized eggs are, in effect, perfectly isolated, self-contained laboratories. The physical separation of the mother from the embr...
Protective gene may enhance vaccine responses
...e for the Serine protease inhibitor 2A (Spi2A) can prevent
the death of T cells during the contraction phase, resulting in about five times as many memory T cells. "Drugs based on protective factors such as Spi2A could provide an enormous boost to vaccines," said study author Philip Ashton-Rickardt, professo...
Technology already exists to stabilize global warming
...t many combinations of these 15 technologies could prevent
global emissions of greenhouse gasses from rising ...echnologies and conservation efforts would have to prevent
7 billion tons worth of emissions per year by 2054. Pacala and Socolow show how each of ...
Body's own defense against H. pylori, cause of stomach ulcers and stomach cancer
...gs that could treat stomach ulcers and, long-term, prevent
stomach cancer linked with H. pylori." Dr. Fukuda believes that it will be possible to breed cows and genetically engineered soy beans from which it would be possible to produce milk bearing the inhibitory O-glycans capped with alpha 1,4-lin...
Joslin Diabetes Center launches research section on developmental and stem cell biology
...s also believe that stem cells may someday help to prevent
the devastating complications of diabetes, which i...ties for antioxidant therapies that will combat or prevent
diabetic complications. Stem Cells Focus of Studies Amy Wagers, Ph.D., recently joined Joslin fro...
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