Tag: "probability" at biology news

TANGO: towards faster prognosis of Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases?

... environmental factors - to indicate the degree of probability that particular proteins will stick together. TANGO thus opens possibilities for new diagnostic techniques for diseases that are caused by proteins that stick together erroneously. The VIB researchers also expect that TANGO will enable more efficient...

Genes can influence both alcohol consumption and dependence

... three times studied, was associated with a higher probability of alcohol dependence at some time in a person's life. The association was mainly due to genetic effects on both alcohol intake and alcohol dependence, but our results also show that while some genes affect both intake and dependence, others affect ...

The telomere crisis: A crucial stage in breast cancer

...mmary cell culture studies also confirmed that the probability of successful passage through the telomere crisis is low -- most cells damaged because of shortened telomeres can't evade cell death. In fact, women with usual ductal hyperplasia are only slightly more at risk of developing invasive cancer. When carc...

Spiders or scapegoats

...s that manifest in dermonecrosis which have higher probability of occurrence than the rare necrotic spider envenomation". ...

Manatee population rising in some regions, likely stalled or declining in others

...hout a dependent first-year calf have a 43 percent probability of producing a calf over the next year; this probability is 38 percent in the Atlantic region. Similar estimates are not yet available for the Upper St. Joh...

Satellites are tracing Europe's forest fire scars

...risks. At the end of the risk mapping process, the probability of fire breaking out in a particular place and time can be reliably calculated. The Risk-EOS burn scar mapping service began last year. The intention is to develop further fire-related services by the end of 2007, including daily risk maps combining...

Microscopy scans show how brain cells process energy

...ire nature of multiphoton microscopy increases the probability that two or three photons will interact with individual biological molecules at the same time, combining their energies. The cumulative effect is the equivalent of delivering one photon with twice the energy (half the wavelength, in the case of two-p...

Assisted reproduction can't compensate for waiting too long to start a family

...ies of conceiving, the risk of miscarriage and the probability of becoming permanently sterile through age. "What it showed was that, under natural conditions, three-quarters of women starting to try to conceive at the age of 30 will start a successful pregnancy within one year. Two-thirds of those starting at 3...

Breast cancer patients failed by treatment with taxol and taxotere respond to abraxane

...ks followed by one week of rest, with a 38 percent probability of surviving 12 months. Additionally, 40 percent of patients were free of disease progression for as long as four months, and almost 30 percent for as long as six months. Ninety-one percent of patients were able to receive the full dose throughout ...

APP reports Abraxane(TM) is active in breast cancer patients who failed taxol or taxotere

...CI: 8%-22%) in the 106 patients studied with a 38% probability of survival at 12 months based on analysis of data to date; 40% of patients on treatment with ABRAXANE TM were free of disease progression for as long as four months; and almost 30% for as long as six months; Of those patients who progressed whil...

3-D micro-imaging technology licensed to Carl Zeiss Jena

...ire nature of multiphoton microscopy increases the probability that two or three photons will interact with individual biological molecules at the same time, combining their energies. The cumulative effect is the equivalent of delivering one photon with twice the energy (half the wavelength, in the case of two-p...

Pharmacogenomics could replace 'trial-and-error' with science from the human genome

...urrence of adverse drug effects and increasing the probability of successful therapy. These findings are published by investigators at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital in the May 27 issue of Nature. According to the authors, the significant potential for improving health and reducing cost will not be achie...

Tracking cystic fibrosis with mice

...The researchers demonstrated with a high degree of probability the direct link between the ion transport disorder and cystic fibrosis. The genetically modified mice will be used by the researchers for further studies. The mice can be used to test how the illness originates, what other factors are involved and wh...

Phytoplankton may stimulate uptake of CO2

... because of their relative bulkiness have a higher probability of sinking into the deep ocean for longer periods of time. So it seems logical that iron-fertilized, low silicate waters might not be as efficient carbon sinks as iron-fertilized high silica waters, but the results of this study disproved that idea ...

Keck Futures Initiative announces grant recipients

...ve to incorporate the observed phenomenon that the probability of a synaptic failure is a function both of whether or not a failure occurred at the synapse in question the previous time an afferent spike arrived there, and of how much time has elapsed since a previous arrival. JAY DUNLAP Dartmouth Medical...

Predicting cancer patient survival with gene expression data

...luding genes unrelated to survival, increasing the probability of identifying gene clusters with clinical and thus predictive significance. Such "indicator gene lists" could identify subgroups of patients with similar gene expression profiles. The lists of subgroups, based on gene expression profiles and clinica...

K-State uses geographic tools to track plant pathogens

...ble to say, 'next growing season, we've got a good probability the aphid is going to be seen in specific fields.'" The Asian soybean aphid reproduces through a combination of asexual and sexual means. Its asexual phase allows it to build to "amazing numbers" during the growing season, Reese said. He ...

NIST-led research de-mystifies origins of 'junk' DNA

...ons-early" view. The CARB analysis shows that the probability of a modern intron's presence in an ancestral gene common to the genes studied is roughly 1 percent, indicating that the vast majority of today's introns appeared subsequent to the origin of the genes. This conclusion is supported by the findings reg...

Southern Californians commonly misinformed about beach water quality, study finds

...n which information is conveyed to the public as a probability for example, there's a 30 percent chance of rain today," Grant said. "Of course, a lot of science goes into the generation of weather forecasts, and water quality forecasts will be no different." The research also provided new insights into t...

Scientists calculate how high heels can go

...149;(y+10)•(L+20) The variables are: p the probability that wearing the shoes will help you 'pull' (in a ...els. Now I can explain to them how I minimise the probability of tripping up"....

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