Tag: "prone" at biology news

February media highlights: Geology and GSA today

...ce of this sand would make this giant volcano more prone to landslides. In addition, a new Mauna Loa dike complex was discovered, which indicates that the size of Hawaiian dike complexes is much greater than previously thought. New views of granular mass flows. Richard M. Iverson and James W. Vallance...

Why some people just can't seem to pay attention

...al results indicated that the alcoholics were more prone to distraction," said Jyrki Ahveninen, a doctoral ... that individuals with attention deficits are more prone to an early onset of drinking. This is one of the reasons that we are going to apply the present me...

First gene therapy to calm pigs' out-of-sync hearts

...ring, take place in the heart and make tissue more prone to arrhythmias. The number one killer in developed countries is cardiac death, generally sparked by an event that leads to arrhythmia." Approximately one in every hundred people in this country suffers from arrythmias of one sort or another, accord...

Studies may shed light on link between lack of neurons and SIDS

... to hypoxia than do adults. "It may be that babies prone to SIDS do not have the same level of ability of typical newborns," he said. "Maturation of these cells may be at lower levels in these babies." In a study to be published in the November Journal of Neurophysiology, Waldrop and colleagues will descr...

Strikingly Similar protein may be in Alzheimers and Mad Cow Disease

...es," says Yang. Reductive amino acids are more prone to damage by oxygen-containing free radicals (molecules with a highly reactive unpaired electron) than other amino acids, explained Yang. Normally, the body can clear itself of free radicals. But with age, this system may fail. When enough free radic...

What happens when genetic information is not correctly edited in brain cells

... that mice making unedited gene transcripts become prone to seizures when still quite young and that they die shortly after. The scientists then introduced a point change (mutation) into the gene for the AMPA type of glutamate receptors, a key molecule for fast communication between nerve cells. They c...

Study suggests ERT stimulates blood flow to key memory centers in brain

...ain regions that form memory circuits and that are prone to preclinical abnormalities in individuals at increased genetic risk for Alzheimer's disease and in individuals who go on to develop dementia. These brain regions include the hippocampus, parahippocampal gyrus, and middle temporal lobe. "This study...

Fragmented Forest, Fragmented Food

...end to have drier soil and leaf litter and insects prone to desiccation may be excluded from these areas, she says. "In addition to understanding whether food supply varies with fragment size, we need to know why it may vary, " says Zanette. "A clear connection between microclimate and invertebrate biomas...

Extinction-prone sunfish and suckers identified

... Penn State biologist has identified 13 extinction prone species -- and says that there could more. Dr....ot suckers. "Sucker species that are extinction prone are not the largest bodied species, but may require larger home ranges and larger geographical range...

$11-million grant supports study of how genes affect cancer chemotherapy

..., as well as what side effects the person might be prone to developing. The trans-NIH effort is designed to forge an interactive research network of investigators who will store data in a shared information library accessible to the scientific community. "The outcome of pharmacogenetics research has the...

First awards made in NIH effort to understand how genes affect people's responses to medicines

..., as well as what side effects the person might be prone to developing. This so-called "pharmacogenetics" research focuses on linking the body's response to medicines with variations in particular genes. Many of these variations are expected to be "single-letter" differences, known as single-nucleotide ...

Lung ailments come with the paycheck for wide swath of workers

...hat can be dangerous. Agriculture workers are also prone to developing allergies to molds that grow in hay bales. . The seafood industry. Crabs and other crustaceans can cause asthma. . The food industry. Mites and fungi often piggyback onto food dust and can infiltrate the lungs, causing allergies and ast...

Pioneering evolutionist Ledyard Stebbins dies at age 94

...Davis. ("We didn't letLedyard drive because he was prone to see some hybrid plant by the roadside and forget aboutkeeping the car on the road.") The next morning, Stebbins drove the car 60 miles to UC Berkeley,delivered a lecture, and drove it home -- with no notice of the rattlesnake that was still restin...

New Cosumnes River research partnership announced

...uilt up with low levees, but the Cosumnes is still prone to spilling over its banks and flooding surrounding fields. Despite the well-known flood threat, there is growing pressure to build residential developments along the river and on the floodplain. Just east of Interstate 5, the Cosumnes joins the Moke...

Higher obesity rates prevail among Dutch women exposed to famine in utero

...e famine early in their pregnancies wereespecially prone to later obesity, and the investigators conclude that thisdifference cannot be accounted for by increases in food intake or otherlifestyle factors such as socioeconomic status, smoking or alcohol. Increasedobesity may result, rather, from altered me...

UNC-CH marine scientist says hurricane could be catastrophic for Pamlico Sound

...d," he said. "That makes the receiving waters more prone to nutrient andother contaminant pollution following a catastrophe like Hurricane Floyd." Pamlico Sound's lagoon-like enclosed shape, which has made it anideal nursery for fish, also makes it extremely sensitive to pollution,because substance...

Testosterone, stress may not suppress immune system after all

...cross species die earlier than females and aremore prone to stress and disease. Now a biologist at Washington University in St. Louis is suggesting a completelydifferent role for the hormone that made John Travolta and John Wayne famous.Stanton Braude, Ph.D., a lecturer in biology in Arts and Sciences, ana...

Scientists uncover possible cause of colitis

... therapies, and these patients may be particularly prone to thenerve-related mechanisms of inflammation that was this study's focus, Collinssaid. The researchers examined the mechanisms that control colitis by studying"knockout" mice that lacked the gene for NEP, and therefore could not normallydegrade sub...

Mutation in PTEN gene can cause cancer and autoimmune disease

...ommit suicide after their job is done, and arethus prone to start attacking the organism itself. These cells can accumulatefurther damage in their genes, which then results in the development ofmalignant tumors. For all these reasons, the life expectancy of the PTEN+/-mice is cut in half," said Dr. Di Cr...

University of Florida researchers test drug from 'transgenic sheep' in study at Shands at UF teaching hospital

... milk ofgenetically modified sheep can help people prone to life-threatening lungproblems caused by a specific protein deficiency. PPL Therapeutics of Edinburgh, Scotland, the lead company involved in thedevelopment of Dolly the cloned sheep, uses recombinant DNA technology -- inwhich a gene from one organ...

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(Date:4/22/2014)... scientists have found a way to block abnormal cholesterol ... atherosclerosis, the main cause of heart attacks and strokes ... condition develops when fat builds inside blood vessels over ... reducing their ability to feed oxygen-rich blood to the ... of experiments, described April 7 in the journal ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... (SALT LAKE CITY)A computational tool developed at the University ... with unknown gene mutations in three separate cases, U ... new study in The American Journal of Human ... Re-ranking tool), identifies undiagnosed illnesses and unknown gene mutations ... proteins that code for genes are made, in individual ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... is available in German . ... of the University of Vienna and the Medical University of ... shown how double stranded RNA, such as viral genetic information, ... the immune response against viral infection, the protein ADAR1 moves ... modifies viral RNA to inhibit reproduction of the virus. But ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... influenced by low exposure to testosterone in the womb, ... men,s testosterone levels may be determined before they are ... the hormone than others is important because testosterone is ... hormone have been linked to obesity, diabetes and heart ... for producing testosterone in adults known as Leydig ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... waited in line and most of us have gotten ... like. , For Will Mather, assistant professor of ... Integrated Science Curriculum, studying lines, or queues, has been ... bottlenecks that limit the recycling of proteins. , The ... professor, has received attention from the National Science Foundation ...
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